Xem 1-20 trên 77 kết quả Price distribution
  • Asset prices are determined by investors’ risk preferences and by the distributions of assets’ risky future payments. Economists refer to these two bases of prices as investor "tastes" and the economy’s "technologies" for generating asset returns. A satisfactory theory of asset valuation must consider how individuals allocate their wealth among assets having different future payments. This chapter explores the development of expected utility theory, the standard approach for modeling investor choices over risky assets....

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  • In the economic research market transparency is the knowledge about goods, their prices and their allocation. Competitive market transparency requires a competitive market. Unfortunately, caused by heterogeneous and immovable real estate the land and real estate market isn’t a competitive market. Nevertheless, improvement of market transparency is a major goal of market research.

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  • In this activity, you will reorganize your candidate components to take int account additional constraints or requirements. Microsoft Official Curriculum (MOC), available to IT Academies at a discounted price, is professional courseware intended for IT professionals and developers who build, support, and implement solutions by using Microsoft products and technologies. MOC is designed to cover the topics that employers know are mission-critical in the real world.

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  • We focus on the impact of two main policy changes: first, the increase in the rice export quota and the significant increase in the price of rice, especially in the south; second, liberalization of the fertilizer market and the sharp drop in the price of fertilizer. To this end, we document changes in the empirically observable “institutional environment,” exploring changes in rice and other crop prices as well as fertilizer prices.

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  • CuJut District has favorable conditions for scaling up farms. Number of farms recently increased in the district. However, due to the fluctuation in the agricultural sector resulted in a recession, and unstable prices. The purpose of this research is to determine opportunities, and the challenges of farming production within the market system, and developing policies to encourage market growth.

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  • For more than two decades, futures traders have turned to the classic Trading Systems and Methods for complete information about the latest, most successful indicators, programs, algorithms, and systems. Perry Kaufman, a leading futures expert highly respected for his years of experience in research and trading, has thoroughly rewritten and updated his bestselling guide, which remains the most comprehensive and instructional book on trading systems today.

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  • The automobile has come to symbolize the essence of a modern industrial society. Perhaps more than any other single icon, it is associated with a desire for independence and freedom of movement; it is an expression of economic status and personal style. Automobile production is also critically important to the major industrial economies of the world. In the United States, for instance, about 5 percent of all workers are employed directly (including fuel production and distribution) by the auto industry.

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  • Ethernet-based data services offer the opportunity to create differentiation, command premium pricing, and earn higher margin for such value-added data services as transparent LANs, storage area networks, and virtual private networks. Extending native 10/100Base-T and Gigabit Ethernet services across the LAN, WAN, and MAN means data services are less expensive to deploy, provision quickly, and offer exceptional reliability and security.

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  • 6 TRADING VOLATILITY. LEARNING OBJECTIVES: The material in this chapter helps you to: • Recognize volatility abnormalities and use them in profitable trading strategies. • Understand and use the measures of option price change (“greeks”). • Read and interpret price distributions.

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  • Options are financial instruments which are bought and sold in a market place. The people who do it well pocket large bonuses; companies that do it badly can suffer staggering losses. These are intensely practical activities and this is a technical book for practical people working in the industry.Options are financial instruments which are bought and sold in a market place. The people who do it well pocket large bonuses; companies that do it badly can suffer staggering losses.

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  • We construct optimal portfolios of equity funds by combining historical returns on funds and passive indexes with prior views about asset pricing and skill. By including both benchmark and nonbenchmark indexes, we distinguish pricing-model inaccuracy from managerial skill. Even modest con¯dence in a pricing model helps construct portfolios with high Sharpe ratios. Investing in active mutual funds can be optimal even for investors who believe active managers cannot outperform passive indexes. Optimal portfolios exclude hot-hand funds even for investors who believe momentum is priced.

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  • Will your project lead to materials production or a publication? If so, you need to get an estimate from the printers or the organisation producing the materials. Don’t forget the costs of distributing the materials if this is part of your aims. CD-ROMs are often cheaper than print nowadays. Do you have access to the computers and other hardware you need for the project? Some publicly funded project sources will contribute to buying what you need.

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  • Currency risk is the risk that the value of investments denominated in currencies, other than the functional currency of the Fund, will fluctuate due to changes in foreign exchange rates. Investments in foreign markets are exposed to currency risk as the prices denominated in foreign currencies are converted to the Fund’s functional currency in determining fair value. The Fund may enter into forward currency contracts for hedging purposes to reduce foreign currency exposure or to establish exposure to foreign currencies. ...

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  • There is also a lack of information on the cross-border exposures of large nonbank financial institutions, despite their increasing importance in the international financial markets as highlighted by Recommendation # 14.

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  • Spanner’s main focus is managing cross-datacenter replicated data, but we have also spent a great deal of time in designing and implementing important database features on top of our distributed-systems infrastructure. Even though many projects happily use Bigtable [9], we have also consistently received complaints from users that Bigtable can be difficult to use for some kinds of ap- plications: those that have complex, evolving schemas, or those that want strong consistency in the presence of wide-area replication. (Similar claims have been made by other authors [37].

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  • In 1997, both the underlying confidence and optimism are hard to sustain. The War on Poverty and its successor programs seem to have made little impact on those populations that are at the lowest economic levels in U.S. society. If anything, the widening income distribution and the curbing of governmental expenditures for these groups have left them worse off. Yet one result of the efforts to address poverty in the intervening years has been the growth of well-articulated theoretical notions coupled with serious efforts to ground these ideas in empirical analysis.

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  • First, the demand for land has been enormous. Compared to an average annual expansion of global agricultural land of less than 4 million hectares before 2008, approximately 56 million hectares worth of large-scale farmland deals were announced even before the end of 2009. More than 70 percent of such demand has been in Africa; countries such as Ethiopia,Mozambique, and Sudan have transferred millions of hectares to investors in recent years. At the same time, in many cases the announced deals have never been implemented. Risks are often large.

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  • Another key element in this regard is the creation of attractive investment packages for potential buyers, possibly with government financial support. If the government does not have sufficient access to specialized knowledge for the effective restructuring and management of assets, taxpayers may be forced to cover disproportionately high losses, despite a purchase price that accurately reflects the underlying value of the illiquid assets.

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  • The US subprime turmoil that first emerged in August 2007 and morphed into an international financial crisis following the bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers in September 2008 was a shock that affected output globally (BIS (2009)). Long before Lehman’s failure, fear of counterparty defaults had disrupted interbank funding markets, including both secured and unsecured money markets.

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  • The DOE Fundamentals Handbooks represent the needs of various DOE nuclear facilities' fundamental training requirements. To increase their applicability to nonreactor nuclear facilities, the Reactor Operator Fundamentals Manual learning objectives were distributed to the Nuclear Facility Training Coordination Program Steering Committee for review and comment. To update their reactor-specific content, DOE Category A reactor training managers also reviewed and commented on the content.

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