Xem 1-20 trên 29 kết quả Pricing administration
  • The increased speed and mobility of business activities and cross-border transactions resulting from internet usage has particular implications for applying transfer pricing methods and for taxing business profits. This book presents a two-part look at existing OECD positions on these issues.

    pdf157p layon_5 28-03-2013 45 18   Download

  • Transfer Pricing and Valuation in Corporate Taxation analyzes the disparities between both federal statutes and regulations, and reg- ulations and administrative practice, in a highly controversial area of corporate tax policy: intra-company transfer pricing for tax pur- poses. It addresses issues that often mean millions of dollars to indi- vidual corporations, and a significant fraction of the federal govern- ment’s revenue base.

    pdf200p layon_5 28-03-2013 29 15   Download

  • the marketplace for solar is exploding as more states increase investment in solar incentive pro- grams. The 2008 solar market was five times the size of the 2007 market, which grew 57% over 2006 levels. However, solar installations totaled only 80,000 in the united states in 2007 and most were concentrated in a few states, with 69% of all installations in California alone. now is an important time for states to use focused solar marketing efforts to attract new customers to solar and bring this renewable energy technol- ogy into the mainstream.

    pdf135p lenh_hoi_xung 21-02-2013 17 2   Download

  • Preface to the New Edition The first edition of this book appeared in 1946. Eight translations were made of it, and there were numerous paperback editions. In a paperback of 1961, a new chapter was added on rent control, which had not been specifically considered in the first edition apart from government price-fixing in general. A few statistics and illustrative references were brought up to date. Otherwise no changes were made until now. The chief reason was that they were not thought necessary.

    pdf144p jenny2202 29-01-2010 126 64   Download

  • There are a couple of reasons why SQL Server, the system that comprises Database Engine, Analysis Services, Reporting Services and Integration Services is the best choice for a broad spectrum of end users and database programmers building business applications: c SQL Server is certainly the best system for Windows operating systems, because of its tight integration (and low pricing). Because the number of installed Windows systems is enormous and still increasing rapidly, SQL Server is a widely used system.

    pdf744p ntc2009 13-04-2011 103 46   Download

  • Futures contract: a contract to buy or sell a stated commodity or financial claim at a specified price at some specified future time. Suppose a farmer plans to harvest 10,000 bushels of corn in 6 months. The current price is $2.50 per bushel. The farmer sells a futures contract, which will allow him to sell corn at 2.50 per bushel in 6 months. If the price of corn falls to $2.00 per bushel, the farmer loses $5,000 ($0.50 x 10,000 bushels) on his corn, but gains $5,000 on his futures contract....

    ppt33p huynhcongdanh 12-06-2012 86 29   Download

  • Dilemma: Should the firm use retained earnings for: a) Financing profitable capital investments? b) Paying dividends to stockholders? If we retain earnings for profitable investments, dividend yield will be zero, but the stock price will increase, resulting in a higher capital gain.

    ppt51p huynhcongdanh 12-06-2012 51 22   Download

  • In today’s global marketplace, competitive pressure and industry practice mandate that products and services be sold on a credit vs. cash-ondelivery basis. This practice often produces a receivables asset that is one of the largest tangible assets on a company’s balance sheet. A review of the 2004 Fortune 500 certainly reveals this truth.

    pdf227p greengrass304 14-09-2012 37 21   Download

  • It would not be exaggerating to argue that financial risk analysis is one of the most important and most difficult components of project appraisal. Such analysis is especially important because the financial viability of a project may be critical for its long-term sustainability and survivability. Its particular difficulty is due to the inherent challenge of pricing risk with market

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  • Few services are more important in our country than providing high-quality potable water and ensuring that wastewater is properly treated and returned to the environment. Most Americans take for granted the tens of thousands of people who are employed daily in addressing America’s water and wastewater needs. Utility managers are responsible for making sure that proper water and wastewater services are provided to residents, businesses, industries, and other customers within a community. Water and wastewater employees work in utility operations and administrative support areas.

    pdf429p thuymonguyen88 07-05-2013 20 10   Download

  • Trade is the exchange activity of wealth, goods, services, knowledge, money, etc. between two or more partners, and can receive a certain value (in cash through the price) or by row goods and services such as in the form of barter trade (barter). In this process, vendors who provide the wealth and goods and services ... the buyer, the buyer in exchange for the seller to pay a certain equivalent value.

    pdf26p daokim 22-07-2009 77 7   Download

  • The other group of articles is rather empirical in nature and estimate a long-run relationship between the aggregated value of credit and a set of standard macroeconomic factors such as output, prices or interest rates. The main ¯nding of these studies is that for most countries the value of credit tend to increase with GDP and asset prices, and to decrease with the level of interest rates (see Egert et al., 2007 and references therein).

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  • If now the household starts spending some of its income (as can be expected in the real world), we would see a further step in the income-creation: Demand for consumer goods would increase. As long as consumer goods are produced domestically and firms can expand their production, this would lead to a further increase in domestic employment, further increasing aggregate income. However, as households save part of their income, also aggregate saving increases, providing the ex post finance of the initial investment.

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  • The federal government enacted the Federal Alcohol Administration Act (FAAA) shortly after the repeal of Prohibition, and this legislation has served as the primary vehicle for regulating alcohol advertising in the United States. The Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) has primary responsibility for enforcing the FAAA. Consumer protection and advertising regulation are not, however, areas of expertise for the TTB, which is located within the Department of the Treasury, and the FAAA provides only limited authority and guidance.

    pdf8p nhacchovina 22-03-2013 16 4   Download

  • This report focuses on a set of tools to address youth exposure that has been largely ignored: State laws that restrict youth expo- sure to alcohol advertising in both measured and unmeasured media venues. States have systems already in place for administer- ing alcohol advertising regulations, usually (but not always) housed in an Alcoholic Beverage Control (ABC) state agency. Alcohol producers, distributors, and retailers must obtain state licenses to do business in a state.

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  • In this process, one factor might mitigate the increase in prices: If the entrepreneur has been successful in applying a new technology and hence produces more efficiently and hence at lower costs than firms already in the market, he might earn some extra profits due to lower costs even at constant prices. In this case, the innovative entrepreneur will earn the profits he can use ex post to finance the investment. In both cases, in the end, aggregate saving again equals aggregate investment, even if the process is slightly different.

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  • This year, Congress, the Administration, and financial regulators have taken significant measures to address some of the most obvious inadequacies in our consumer protection framework. But these steps have focused on just two, albeit very important, product markets – credit cards and mortgages. We need comprehensive reform. For that reason, we propose the creation of a single regulatory agency, a Consumer Financial Protection Agency (CFPA), with the authority and accountability to make sure that consumer protection regulations are written fairly and enforced vigorously.

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  • A few hundred years ago when farming was king, the small firm share of employment was high. This shrank as we entered the Industrial Revolution (think manufacturing and heavy industry), and it expanded as service industries increased (think cleaning services and pet care). However, over the past few decades the share of small firm employment in certain industries has been undergoing a reversal: for example, small firms’ employment share has decreased in retail trade while it has increased in manufacturing.

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  • The value of an option depends on six inputs: The riskless rate of interest (r), the price of the underlying security (S), the exercise price of the option (X), the time remaining until the option expires (T-t), the rate of dividend payment of the underlying (d) and the volatility of the underlying                 Liquidity or simply, the amount of cash available in the system impacts the fixed income instruments. If there is surplus cash in the system, the borrowers would easily find lenders to satisfy their credit requirements.

    pdf38p bocapchetnguoi 06-12-2012 21 2   Download

  • As an additional strategy, we also consider household assets as instruments. This identification strategy allows considering municipality fixed effects but assumes that decisions over the household assets considered do not depend or respond to shocks to child health. The use of community fixed effects is particularly appealing, as it will control for the absence of the long-run price structure. However, we will have to assume that transitory price changes do not influence child health.

    pdf76p can_thai 12-12-2012 12 1   Download

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