Xem 1-20 trên 94 kết quả Pricing functional
  • The Planning Phase of the MSF Process Model culminates in the Project Plan Complete Milestone. One of the primary deliverables of this milestone is the functional specification. The functional specification describes the solution in sufficient detail for the development team to implement it. Microsoft Official Curriculum (MOC), available to IT Academies at a discounted price, is professional courseware intended for IT professionals and developers who build, support, and implement solutions by using Microsoft products and technologies.

    pdf24p batoan 11-08-2009 96 6   Download

  • A COMPARATIVE INVESTIGATION OF TRANSFER PRICING PRACTICES IN SELECTED INDUSTRIES Allocative implications and endogenous school effectiveness In the model presented above, Tiebout choice hurts low-income students in two ways. First, it permits increased stratification of students. Because total peer group is in fixed supply, stratification necessarily offers better peers to wealthy students and worse peers to low-income students.

    pdf119p mualan_mualan 25-02-2013 14 6   Download

  • This module teaches students how to collect design information into a functional specification. Microsoft Official Curriculum (MOC), available to IT Academies at a discounted price, is professional courseware intended for IT professionals and developers who build, support, and implement solutions by using Microsoft products and technologies. MOC is designed to cover the topics that employers know are mission-critical in the real world.

    pdf2p batoan 11-08-2009 66 3   Download

  • We build a three-factor term-structure of interest rates model and use it to price corporate bonds. The first two factors allow the risk-free term structure to shift and tilt. The third factor generates a stochastic credit-risk premium. To implement the model, we apply the Peterson and Stapleton (2002) diffusion approximation methodology. The method approximates a correlated and lagged-dependent lognormal diffusion processes. We then price options on credit-sensitive bonds.

    pdf27p taisaocothedung 12-01-2013 19 3   Download

  • Included in the SME interest margin charged by banks is an element of price that reflects the probability, from the banks’ experience and data, that some of its SME customers will not be able to repay the debt. The methodology and calculations used to determine the cost associated with the risk of lending are set out under international rules by the Basel Regulatory Framework4 . Regulators also give guidance to banks with regard to the buffers needed to protect banks in the event of shocks to the financial system.

    pdf22p machuavo 19-01-2013 14 2   Download

  • This chapter includes contents: The purchasing department’s function, purchase price vs. total cost, methods to examine and compare costs, total cost of ownership of a tangible product, using value analysis, steps in the buying process, vendor analysis ratings,...

    ppt20p tangtuy18 12-07-2016 4 2   Download

  • As for the effect of macroeconomic variables such as money supply and interest rate on stock prices, the efficient market hypothesis suggests that competition among the profit-maximizing investors in an efficient market will ensure that all the relevant information currently known about changes in macroeconomic variables are fully reflected in current stock prices, so that investors will not be able to earn abnormal profit through prediction of the future stock market movements (Chong and Koh 2003).

    pdf35p bocapchetnguoi 05-12-2012 19 1   Download

  • The goal of this book is to develop robust, accurate and efficient numerical methods to price a number of derivative products in quantitative finance.We focus on one-factor and multi-factor models for a wide range of derivative products such as options, fixed income products, interest rate products and ‘real’ options. Due to the complexity of these products it is very difficult to find exact or closed solutions for the pricing functions. Even if a closed solution can be found it may be very difficult to compute. For this and other reasons we need to resort to approximate methods.

    pdf442p luckystar909 12-12-2009 121 57   Download

  • The prices established and offered in such transactions are generally disseminated and quoted throughout the United States and foreign countries and constitute a basis for determining and establishing the prices at which securities are bought and sold, the amount of certain taxes owing to the United States and to the several States by owners, buyers, and sellers of securities, and the value of collateral for bank loans.

    pdf371p duypha 16-07-2009 162 35   Download

  • China’s rural financial system has changed dramatically over the last twenty five years, but rural financial reforms were lagging behind changes in the real economy and required further economic transition. As in other countries moving towards a market economy, the reform of banking systems and the creation of efficient financial markets in China continues to be among the most difficult reform issues. Poorly functioning official financial markets push rural population to rely on informal institutions.

    pdf392p haiduong_1 03-04-2013 36 11   Download

  • Empirical evidence regarding international relative prices at the consumer level suggests that arbitrage in international markets is not rapid and that these markets are highly segmented. In fact, even markets for traded goods appear to be highly segmented internationally: In the data, both real exchange rate movements and deviations from the law of one price for traded goods are large and persistent.

    pdf496p dangsuynghi 15-03-2013 26 8   Download

  • Second, explicitly analyzing fees allows us to determine whether investors in SRI funds pay an explicit price for the ethical value of their investments. Our results also shed light on the way in which mutual fund fees are determined, particularly on the question of whether fees simply reflect funds' operating costs or, as argued by Christofersen and Musto (2002) and Gil-Bazo and Ruiz-Verdú (2009), they are set taking into account the performance sensitivity of funds' clienteles.

    pdf286p khanhchilam 29-03-2013 24 7   Download

  • » Clear communication facilitates effective risk management. Establishing clear and open lines of communication among interested parties across an organization helps ensure that certain risks do not fall through the cracks and that data and information flowing between business units (including, where relevant, external service providers such as the custodian, fund accountant, and transfer agent) are understood by all to mean the same thing. » Organizational structures and policies themselves can serve as risk controls.

    pdf44p khanhchilam 29-03-2013 23 7   Download

  • If we weight market capitalizations and net earnings for the three S&P categories and then take the ratio, we have a price-earnings ratio of 19.3 Aggregate earnings and this priceearnings ratio imply an estimate for the aggregate market capitalization of 1.67 times GNP, which is close to that for industrials only. We should note that an estimate of 19 for the price-earnings ratio is significantly higher than that reported by Fisher, who cites the Standard Statistics Company as the source for his data.

    pdf0p connhobinh 07-12-2012 25 6   Download

  • Overall, our analysis can be understood as one of the first cross-country empirical studies on the determinants of bank fees and as a contribution to the literature testing the contradictory empirical predictions of the SCP and ES hypotheses regarding the influence of concentration on prices in the banking industry.

    pdf40p taisaovanchuavo 23-01-2013 23 6   Download

  • » Organizational structures and policies themselves can serve as risk controls. Segregation of duties, independence of control functions from business lines, and the use of committees or other, more informal approaches for breaking down silos between business units or departments are among a variety of organizational practices that may facilitate effective risk management. Although there is a tension between segregating functions and breaking down silos to facilitate information exchange, risk management requires a bit of both....

    pdf44p khanhchilam 29-03-2013 23 6   Download

  • Bond funds, which accounted for €373 billion of Irish IFs by shares/units in issue, experienced inflows of €12 billion and positive revaluations of €4.2 billion, amid generally increasing bond prices. This continues a longer term trend of significant inflows into bond funds, which comprised 42 per cent of Irish IFs by end-Q3 2012, compared with 24 per cent at end-Q1 2010.

    pdf7p hongphuocidol 04-04-2013 23 6   Download

  • Continuous-time modeling in finance, though introduced by Louis Bachelier's 1900 thesis on the theory of speculation, really started with Merton's seminal work in the 1970s. Since then, the continuous-time paradigm has proved to be an immensely useful tool in finance and more generally economics. Continuous-time models are widely used to study issues that include the decision to optimally consume, save, and invest, portfolio choice under a variety of constraints, contingent claim pricing, capital accumulation, resource extraction, game theory, and more recently contract theory....

    pdf379p camchuong_1 10-12-2012 19 5   Download

  • The general picture is that older people of today are healthier than older people of two decades ago. There have been improvements in most dimensions of health. People live longer and have fewer disabilities, have less functioning loss, and report themselves to be in better health. Over time there has been some reduction in risk from smoking and a lowering of cholesterol and average triglyceride levels. However, weight increase has been notable during this period.

    pdf9p thankinhphanliet 01-01-2013 25 5   Download

  • Assume a policy with a $2 million premium that reimburses the policyholder when aggregate losses for the calendar year exceed $10 million. Assume that the losses covered by the policy are generally low severity/high frequency, with minimal catastrophe potential (i.e., the policy is meant to cover mostly pricing risk, not large loss risk). Also assume that the expected losses are $8 million, and that the expected losses normally occur evenly throughout the year. After one quarter, losses would have to be 500% of expected for attachment to occur.

    pdf7p taisaovanchuavo 26-01-2013 16 5   Download

Đồng bộ tài khoản