Xem 1-20 trên 52 kết quả Primary afferent
  • The main aim in the traumatic brain injured patients must be to maintain a good result from primary injury caused by trauma and/or as a result of direct effect of trauma. The second aim must be to prevent secondary brain injury caused by as results of the complications. The basic principle in the care and treatment of traumatic brain injury is to describe and begin the treatment these complications that worsen the primary injury and lead to secondary brain injury.

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  • Disparities in access to essential basic services, such as sanitation, clean water, health, education and access to the judiciary system, are fundamental inequities that can produce lifelong inequalities and deep-seated feelings of injustice. These inequities extend to things like access to information: while access to communication technologies, including the internet, may seem like a luxury, in reality it means that while most young people in developed countries, and the wealthier young people in poor countries, can obtain the information they seek, others cannot (see Figure 1).

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  • Our Journal, the International Journal of Gynecological Cancer (Editor-in-Chief Dr. Uzi Beller and Associate Editor-in-Chief Dr. Gillian Thomas) continues to improve and the impact factor is now 2.179. The future of our Journal is promising to become a very prestigious one for our members. During my time as President I would like to focus on “education” to enhance the global impact of our Society. Fortunately, Dr. Jonathan Berek has accepted my request to serve as the Chair of the Education Committee.

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  • For me, telemarketing is fun! It’s also challenging and highly rewarding. Whether you’re planning to become a full-time telesales professional or you hope to develop telemarketing skills that can be incorporated into your current, more traditional in- person sales efforts, Top Telemarketing Techniques shares much of the knowledge I have painstakingly acquired over the years and offers you the information you need to begin achiev- ing success almost immediately.

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  • A major in Finance will offer you a wide range of employment opportunities. Potential careers may be found in corporations, retail and wholesale banking, insurance companies, finance companies, and brokerage houses. Specific jobs include portfolio management, risk management, personal financial planning advisory services, project and investment analysis, treasury operations, foreign exchange and money market dealing, and equity operations. A sample of career possibilities is below along with some of the roles performed in those jobs.

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  • Sensitization When intense, repeated, or prolonged stimuli are applied to damaged or inflamed tissues, the threshold for activating primary afferent nociceptors is lowered and the frequency of firing is higher for all stimulus intensities. Inflammatory mediators such as bradykinin, nerve growth factor, some prostaglandins, and leukotrienes contribute to this process, which is called sensitization. In sensitized tissues, normally innocuous stimuli can produce pain. Sensitization is a clinically important process that contributes to tenderness, soreness, and hyperalgesia.

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  • Central Mechanisms The Spinal Cord and Referred Pain The axons of primary afferent nociceptors enter the spinal cord via the dorsal root. They terminate in the dorsal horn of the spinal gray matter (Fig. 12-3). The terminals of primary afferent axons contact spinal neurons that transmit the pain signal to brain sites involved in pain perception. When primary afferents are activated by noxious stimuli, they release neurotransmitters from their terminals that excite the spinal cord neurons. The major neurotransmitter they release is glutamate, which rapidly excites dorsal horn neurons.

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  • The Hypothalamushypophysis- gonadal (HPG) axis is subject to both positive feed-forward and negative feedback regulation at several levels. At the level of the hypothalamus, early recognition of the pulsatile nature of gonadotropin releasing hormone secretion led to the notion of a central ‘‘pulse generator”, the inherent oscillatory activity of which controls the secretory rhythm of GnRH neurons (Knobil, 1980).

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  • Tham khảo sách 'environment and trade', khoa học tự nhiên, công nghệ môi trường phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • The best way to ensure that infants are not born with HIV or acquire it during breast-feeding is to provide HIV-positive women the care they need for their own HIV disease. Vertical transmission is certainly an issue where the false dichotomy pitting prevention and treatment against each other is truly nonsense—in studies where HIV-positive women get appropriate care, HIV transmission to infants is largely eradicated2 . Vertical transmission programs must be linked with HIV treatment programs.

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  • W e recommend amendments clarifying the ethics committee’ s func- tions in relation to approving extensions to the applicable period of storage of gametes and embryos. The bill would ensure that the ethics committee made decisions about approving, changing, or cancelling extensions to storage periods in much the same way as it would make decisions on activities listed as requiring approval under the Act. Proposed new sections 10A to 10D and 28(1)(aaa) of the Act relate to the ethics committee’ s functions in dealing with storage issues.

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  • 1 Generally speaking, the better your credit, the lower the cost of obtaining that credit, usually in the form of interest rates and fees. That means, you’ll have more available for savings and spending. Lenders will have more confidence in your ability and commitment to repay the loan on time and in full. Conversely, if your credit history is not strong, you’ll probably pay higher interest rates and fees and have less money available for savings and spending. You could end up being short on money and playing “catch-up,” juggling between payments on several bills.

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  • Inspired by the work of Dubois and Laurent (1994), Leibenstein (1950), Mason (1992), Kapferer (1998), Eastman et al. (1999) Phau and Prendergast (2000), and Dubois et al. (2001) on the evaluation of luxury brands, Vigneron and Johnson (2004) developed a framework of ‗brand luxury index‘ proposing that the luxury-seeking consumer‘s decision-making process can be explained by five main factors that form a semantic network.

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  • Sympathetically Maintained Pain Patients with peripheral nerve injury can develop a severe burning pain (causalgia) in the region innervated by the nerve. The pain typically begins after a delay of hours to days or even weeks. The pain is accompanied by swelling of the extremity, periarticular osteoporosis, and arthritic changes in the distal joints. The pain is dramatically and immediately relieved by blocking the sympathetic innervation of the affected extremity.

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  • In a definition from contemporary philosophy, well-being has three inter-related elements: Welfare - the provision of food, drink, shelter, medical care, and other requirements for ‘bodily flourishing’; Contentment - an enduring and stable sense of satisfaction with one’s life; and Dignity - the control of one’s destiny and the ability to live a life of one’s choice (Kenny & Kenny, 2006).

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  • Studies were also carried out on digitally-reconstructed radical prostatectomy specimens which showed the inadequacy of the traditional sextant biopsy method. In one study by Chen et al., simulation biopsy strategies were conducted on whole-mount radical prostatectomy specimens from 180 patients and it was found that only 73% of cancers were detected by sextant biopsy (Chen et al., 1997).

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  • The Consumer Federation of America (CFA) and the National Credit Reporting Association (NCRA) designed the details of this study with advice from legal counsel to ensure the methodology would comply with the requirements of the Fair Credit Reporting Act, Gramm Leach Bliley Act, and other consumer privacy laws. From the outset, each organization was mindful of the ethical spirit and intent of these consumer protection and privacy laws.

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  • Nongovernmental organizations, though, reach more borrowers in total. The third column shows that nongovernmental organizations can claim about one-half of the 18 million customers in this data set, with banks claiming one-quarter. Donors at large aid agencies have pushed hard to encourage the commercialization of microfinance, but the evidence here suggests that nonprofit microfinance agencies still matter in a big way.

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  • Nevertheless, a cursory look at these self-reported barriers provides interesting information. Distance from a bank is a much greater barrier in rural areas, as expected. Technological and other innovations that help overcome this barrier of physical distance could pay off—potentially increasing the share of adults us- ing a formal account by up to 23 percentage points in Sub-Saharan Africa and 14 percentage points in South Asia.

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  • This initial stage of the project also provides the project manager with opportunities to get to know the team and help them get to know each other. The time-honored kick-off group lunch can be combined with techniques often using in training sessions such as sharing personal and professional information with a colleague who then makes the group introduction. In addition, the project manager should ensure that the physical workspace is arranged in a way that facilitates collaborative activities such as pair programming and team problem solving.

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