Principles of epidemiology

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  • This print-based, self-study course provides public health and other healthcare professionals with basic epidemiology principles, concepts, and procedures used in the surveillance and investigation of health-related events. This resource contains key features and applications of descriptive and analytic epidemiology, an in-depth study of public health surveillance, and a step-by-step description of outbreak investigations.

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  • Diseases of the nervous system number in the hundreds and are too numerous and varied to be learned in their entirety. Hence the common practice of subdividing them into categories—traumatic, vascular, neoplastic, infective, metabolic, degenerative, congenital, and so forth. In our textbook, Principles of Neurology, we describe the various categories of neurologic disease and the main diseases that constitute each category.

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  • The goal of cancer treatment is first to eradicate the cancer. If this primary goal cannot be accomplished, the goal of cancer treatment shifts to palliation, the amelioration of symptoms, and preservation of quality of life while striving to extend life. The dictum primum non nocere is not the guiding principle of cancer therapy. When cure of cancer is possible, cancer treatments may be undertaken despite the certainty of severe and perhaps life-threatening toxicities.

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  • Epidemiology Patients receive, on average, 10 different drugs during each hospitalization. The sicker the patient, the more drugs are given, and there is a corresponding increase in the likelihood of adverse drug reactions. When 15 drugs are given, the probability is 40%. Retrospective analyses of ambulatory patients have revealed adverse drug effects in 20%.

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  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders in the Western world. In recent years, there have been many developments in the field of GERD. At least, all these developments have helped to find new diagnostic procedures and different treatment concepts. As well known, GERD affects patients quality of life and leads to a significant economic burden on society. Therefore, all further investigations should primary aim in an improvement of patients daily life.

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  • The inevitability of a disease sounds a clarion for its prevention, or at least its control. Understanding its pathophysiology is essential to that process. For osteoarthritis, preconceived notions and mythology must be transcended to allow identification of its essentials. The first step was to establish a scientific basis for its recognition. Sorting associated phenomenon allowed identification of those which are non-diagnostic, and one major finding which is pathognomonic: the joint osteophyte.

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  • The beginning of the new millennium was marked by the announcement that the vast majority of the human genome had been sequenced. This milestone in the exploration of the human genome was preceded by numerous conceptual and technological advances. They include, among others, the elucidation of the DNA double-helix structure, the discovery of restriction enzymes and the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), the development and automatization of DNA sequencing, and the generation of genetic and physical maps by the Human Genome Project (HGP).

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  • Estimation of adverse health e®ects associated with ambient exposure to Particulate Matter (PM) constitutes one of the most interesting, recent case studies on the use of epidemiological evidence in public policy (Samet, 2000; Greenbaum et al., 2001).

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  • Drugs interact with specific target molecules to produce their beneficial and adverse effects. The chain of events between administration of a drug and production of these effects in the body can be divided into two components, both of which contribute to variability in drug actions. The first component comprises the processes that determine drug delivery to, and removal from, molecular targets.

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  • (BQ) Part 1 book "Critical care nephrology" presents the following contents: The critically ill patient, epidemiology of kidney disease, principles of applied renal physiology, acute renal failure - pathophysiological principles, acute renal failure - clinical aspects, fluid and electrolyte problems,...

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  • Lecture HIV Infection - What Does the General Doctor Need to Know? help you: overview and epidemiology; HIV diagnostic testing; initial evaluation of new patient; general principles of antiretroviral therapy; long term treatment complications; prophylaxis of opportunistic infections; health care maintenance issues.

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  • (BQ) Part 2 book "Microbiology - An introduction" presentation of content: Principles of disease and epidemiology, microbial mechanisms of pathogenicity, practical applications of immunology, antimicrobial drugs, microbial diseases of the skin and eyes, microbial diseases of the skin and eyes, microbial diseases of the skin and eyes, applied and industrial microbiology,...

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  • Applied Radiological Anatomy for Medical Students is the definitive atlas of human anatomy, utilizing the complete range of imaging modalities to describe normal anatomy and radiological findings. Initial chapters describe all imaging techniques and introduce the principles of image interpretation. These are followed by comprehensive sections on each antomical region. Hundreds of high-quality radiographs, MRI, CT and ultrasound images are included, complemented by concise, focused text.

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  • Endocrinology: Basic and Clinical Principles, Second Edition aims to provide a comprehensive knowledge base for the applied and clinical science of endocrinology. The challenge in its presentation was to produce a volume that was timely, provided integration of basic science with physiologic and clinical principles, and yet was limited to 500 pages. This length makes the volume suitable as a text; and the timeliness we have striven for allows the book to serve as an offthe- shelf reference.

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  • Our main purpose in editing this book is to provide the health care practitioner with general clinical practical guidelines regarding the use of pediatric cardiovascular drugs. We also intend to provide an overview of basic pediatric cardiovascular principles. We realize the need for a pocket reference handbook that is tailored to meet the daily challenges of practitioners that care for pediatric cardiac patients.

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  • This book has been written to enable health care workers to understand the principles of managing an acute medical emergency safely and effectively.To achieve this aim it provides a structured approach to medical emergencies, describing relevant pathophysiology that will also help to explain physical signs and the rationale behind treatment.The first edition of this manual (written by Terry Wardle) has undergone significant modification directed by the working group and also, in particular, candidates from the first MedicALS courses.

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  • Recent advances in clinical proteomics have propelled us into an exciting period of discovery of new cancer biomarkers, although the available proteomic technologies have their limitations. The principles of proteomic technology require stringent guidelines for the collection of clinical material, the application of analytical techniques, and for our interpretation of the data. In this review, we present an overview of the serum tumor markers in current use.

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  • The present second edition of the Color Atlas of Pharmacology goes to print six years after the first edition. Numerous revisions were needed, highlighting the dramatic continuing progress in the drug sciences. In particular, it appeared necessary to include novel therapeutic principles, such as the inhibitors of platelet aggregation from the group of integrin GPIIB/IIIA antagonists, the inhibitors of viral protease, or the non-nucleoside inhibitors of reverse transcriptase. Moreover, the re-evaluation and expanded use of conventional drugs, e.g.

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  • Other peculiarities of the sites are that the systems are updated frequently, that advertising is not a source for funding and that the webmasters’ work is unsalaried. Privacy policy is implemented through different guarantees. Publication of personal information is dependent from a personal written agreement, for example, for the member list of AIG. The principles of the Health-On-the-Net-Foundation (HON) are implemented by both websites.

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  • The process of informed consent is a well established medical practice which has its roots in ethics and law. The requirement to obtain informed consent is based on the ethical principle of self determination and is strengthened in application by both statutory and case law. As a general rule, with few exceptions, and endoscopist is required to obtain informed consent prior to the performance of any endoscopic procedure.

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