The history of Computational Fluid Dynamics, or CFD for short,, started in
the early 1970’s. Around that time, it became an acronym for a combination
of physics, numerical mathematics, and, to some extent, computer sciences employed
to simulate fluid flows. The beginning of CFD was triggered by the
availability of increasingly more powerful mainframes and the advances in CFD
are still tightly coupled to the evolution of computer technology.
(BQ) The book is largely about the Lebesgue theory of integration, but includes a very thorough coverage of the theory of metric and topological spaces in the first two chapters. Chapters 3,4 and 5 are the heart of the book covering measure theory, the Lebesgue integral and some topics from introductory functional analysis like theory of operators and Banach spaces.
Cisplatin was discovered fortuitously by observing that bacteria present in electrolysis solutions could not divide. Only the cis diamine configuration is active as an antitumor agent. It is hypothesized that in the intracellular environment, a chloride is lost from each position, being replaced by a water molecule. The resulting positively charged species is an efficient bifunctional interactor with DNA, forming Pt-based cross-links.
In this chapter you will: Learn the nature of an externality, see why externalities can make market outcomes inefficient, examine how people can sometimes solve the problem of externalities on their own, consider why private solutions to externalities sometimes do not work, examine the various government policies aimed at solving the problem of externalities.
In this chapter you will examine the problems caused by asymmetric information, learn about market solutions to asymmetric information, consider why democratic voting systems may not represent the preferences of society, consider why people may not always behave as rational maximizers.
This chapter introduces you to the third party effect of external costs and external benefits. You will learn that externalities cause an inefficient allocation of resources, but with negotiation between the affected parties solutions can be devised to correct the misallocation.
This chapter introduces you to the economics of public policy, and why the government intervenes in some markets. You will also learn that the solution to a market that is producing an undesirable outcome varies widely from industry to industry.
The principle of Occam’s razor loosely translates to “the simplest solution is often the best”. The author of Kinematic Geometry of Surface Machining utilizes this reductionist philosophy to provide a solution to the highly inefficient process of machining sculptured parts on multi-axis NC machines. He has developed a method to quickly calculate the necessary parameters, greatly reduce trial and error, and achieve efficient machining processes by using less input information, and in turn saving a great deal of time.
In this activity, you will consider the design of a common item and identify the
features of the item that illustrate principles of good design and the features that
might be considered design flaws. Microsoft Official Curriculum (MOC), available to IT Academies at a discounted price, is professional courseware intended for IT professionals and developers who build, support, and implement solutions by using Microsoft products and technologies. MOC is designed to cover the topics that employers know are mission-critical in the real world.
ON THE EXISTENCE AND UNIQUENESS OF SOLUTIONS TO BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS ON TIME SCALES
JOHNNY HENDERSON, ALLAN PETERSON, AND CHRISTOPHER C. TISDELL Received 13 August 2003 and in revised form 11 February 2004
This work formulates existence, uniqueness, and uniqueness-implies-existence theorems for solutions to two-point vector boundary value problems on time scales. The methods used include maximum principles, a priori bounds on solutions, and the nonlinear alternative of Leray-Schauder. 1.
Direct marketing is a marketing strategy where companies promote their products to
potential customers via a direct channel of communication, such as telephone or mail.
Unlike mass marketing, companies employing direct marketing target only a selected
group of customers. For instance, a bank may decide to directly promote their first-time
home buyer mortgage program to only newlywed customers. In accordance with the
general principle of marketing, a direct marketing campaign strikes for the maximum net
A simply and accurate analytical method was developed to determination the carbon content in silica-supported materials. The principle of this method was to oxidize sample by a strong oxidant like potassium dichromate to produce carbon dioxide and this gas is absorbed into an alkaline solution for subsequent titration.
Food engineering is usually a difficult discipline for food science students
because they are more used to qualitative rather than to quantitative descriptions
of food processing operations. Food engineering requires understanding
of the basic principles of fluid flow, heat transfer, and mass transfer phenomena
and application of these principles to unit operations which are frequently used
in food processing, e.g., evaporation, drying, thermal processing, cooling and
freezing, etc. The most difficult part of a course in food engineering is often
considered the solution of problems.
Radio frequency identification (RFID) is a fascinating, fast developing and
multidisciplinary domain with emerging technologies and applications. It is characterized
by a variety of research topics, analytical methods, models, protocols, design principles and
processing software. With a relatively large range of applications, RFID enjoys extensive
investor confidence and is poised for growth.
This up-to-date text and reference is designed to present the fundamental principles of robotics with a strong emphasis on engineering applications and industrial solutions based on robotic technology. It can be used by practicing engineers and scientists -- or as a text in standard university courses in robotics. The book has extensive coverage of the major robotic classifications, including Wheeled Mobile Robots, Legged Robots, and the Robotic Manipulator. A central theme is the importance of kinematics to robotic principles. The book is accompanied by a CD-ROM with MATLAB simulations....
Vibration analysis and control of vibrations are important and integral aspects of every machine design procedure. Establishing an appropriate mathematical model, its analysis, interpretation of the solutions, and incorporation of these results in the design, testing, evaluation, maintenance, and troubleshooting require a sound understanding of the principles of vibration. All the essential materials dealing with various aspects of machine vibrations are presented here in a form suitable for most...
The jurisprudence of the International Court of Justice generally demonstrates
that no rule of international law can be interpreted and applied without regard to
its innate values and the basic principles of human rights. Through its case-law the
ICJ has made immense contributions to the development of human rights law,
and in so doing continues to provide solutions to mounting international prob-
lems, such as terrorism and unilateral use of force.
By means of the Hardy-Littlewood method, we apply a new mean value theorem for exponential sums to conﬁrm the truth, over the rational numbers, of the Hasse principle for pairs of diagonal cubic forms in thirteen or more variables. 1. Introduction Early work of Lewis  and Birch , , now almost a half-century old, shows that pairs of quite general homogeneous cubic equations possess non-trivial integral solutions whenever the dimension of the corresponding intersection is suitably large (modern reﬁnements have reduced this permissible aﬃne dimension to 826; see ). ...
This module teaches students the MicrosoftÆ Solution Framework (MSF)
principles that are used in the rest of the course. Students will learn about
solution design from the perspective of Microsoftís advocated design process,
the MSF. They will learn the attributes of a good design and how the design
process fits into the MSF Process Model by using the output from one
milestone as the input for the next milestone.
After completing this module, students will be able to:
! Describe the role of design in developing effective solutions to business