To transcend these limitations, Greenplum assembled a team of the world’s leading database experts and built a
shared-nothing massively parallel processing database, designed from the ground up to achieve the highest levels of
parallelism and efficiency for complex BI and analytical processing. In this architecture, each unit acts as a self-containe
database management system that owns and manages a distinct portion of the overall data. The system automatically
distributes data and parallelizes query workloads across all available hardware.
The countries in which you are serving most likely inherited educational systems from Britain or
France. The original goal of these systems was to provide education to the children of the local
elites and to supply the colonial administrations and trading companies with clerical staff.
Remarkable progress has been made since the former colonies achieved independence.
Educational opportunities have been expanded at all levels as national leaders put a priory on
productivity and economic growth.
Finally, a few words of caution. Vision is given a prominent position
in aesthetics, often dominating the other senses. The present approach is
similar in this, but it should be stressed that hearing, touch, smell, and even
taste all are implicated in perceptual processing. The vision system in the
brain is linked to the other sensory systems, which permits interaction at
an early processing stage. At a later stage, visual information is integrated
with other kinds of sensory information to produce multimodal perceptual
experiences and mental imagery....
In line with this, TSC disagrees with theories that model cognition on
conscious reasoning, as reﬂecting the ways thought processes are conceptu-
alised in language. Instead, TSC states that cognition is ‘active’ in the sense
that cognitive processes emerge in concrete situations of physical action
and socio-cultural practices. In integrating conation and aﬀect, cognition is
driven by, on the one hand, the agent’s current needs and motivation and,
on the other, the contingent, contextual elements that support immediate
The addition to gasoline of a lead-containing compound called tetraethyllead was an
attempt to enhance engine performance. The use of this compound was phased out when it
was found to destroy the effectiveness of the catalytic converter (described below) which is
used to reduce emissions of carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and NOx. Tetraethyllead is
just one member of a group of compounds, called octane boosters, which can be added to
gasoline to increase its octane number. Other compounds that have been used as octane
enhancers over the years include methanol (CH3OH) and ethanol (C2H5OH).
Much of this debate reflects differences in analysis scope (Litman 2009b). Highway
expansion advocates tend to focus on traffic congestion reduction objectives and ignore
the negative effects of induced vehicle travel and sprawl.
Advocates of investments in
alternative modes tend to consider a wider range of impacts and objectives, including
traffic congestion reduction, parking cost savings, consumer cost savings, accident
reductions, improved mobility for non-drivers, energy conservation, pollution reductions,
and public fitness and health.
Because input-output modeling is costly to perform, particularly for a particular situation,
it is common to extrapolate available data to a particular situation. For example, the U.S.
Federal Highway Administration assumes that, on average, a $1 billion of Federal
highway expenditure supported 30,000 jobs in 2007 (FHWA 2008). This number has
been widely applied, although recent analysis by Heintz, Pollin and Garrett‐Peltier (2009)
suggests that actual impacts are somewhat lower.
In addition, the models include many assumptions that may be inaccurate or outdated.
Quantifying the magnitude of those impacts in cities worldwide, however,
presents considerable challenges due to limited information on both health
effects and air pollution exposures in many parts of the world. Man-made
outdoor air pollution in the world’s cities, derived largely from combustion
processes, is a complex mixture with many toxic components. We indexed
this mixture in terms of particulate matter (PM), a component that has been
consistently linked with serious health effects and, importantly, that can be
The Government’s request to the FRC to develop guidance on audit committees
has of course its root in the dramatic corporate failures in the United States in
early 2002. These occurred despite the perception of close US regulation of
accounting and auditing and despite the existence of corporate governance
institutions including audit committees. The consequence has been falling
confidence and rising confusion in capital markets not just in the US but around
Whichever method you choose, the most important part is not to cut away the supporting panel or flanges that
you will need to weld the new wing to. With the bulk of the old panel removed, any remaining bits of panel or
spot weld studs can be easily ground away with an angle grinder to leave a smooth, clean surface.
With all mounting edges clean, check for damaged\twisted areas caused during the removal operation. Once
you are satisfied with the results, try the new panel in place for fit. Genuine manufacturers’ panels and most
reputable aftermarket panels should be fairly...
In this paper, given a text document, we ﬁrst iden-
tify events and their associated arguments. We then
identify causality or relatedness relations between
event pairs. To do this, we develop a minimally su-
pervised approach using focused distributional sim-
ilarity methods, such as co-occurrence counts of
events collected automatically from an unannotated
corpus, to measure and predict existence of causal-
ity relations between event pairs.
Information systems capture, process, and store information using a wide variety of media.
This information is not only located on the intended storage media but also on devices used to
create, process, or transmit this information. These media may require special disposition in
order to mitigate the risk of unauthorized disclosure of information and to ensure its
We obtain our list of SRI funds from the Social Investment Forum's (SIF) reports published
in 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, and 2005.
Each report contains comprehensive information about
SRI in the US for both the publication year and the preceding one. In particular, the reports
contain a list of SRI mutual funds compiled by SIF. To construct this list SIF employs a direct
survey methodology and gathers information from third parties. A fund is included in the SIF
list if it utilizes one or more social or environmental criteria as part of a formal investment
To be included in...
In addition to substantive reforms of the authorities and practices of regulation and
supervision, the proposals contained in this report entail a significant restructuring of our
regulatory system. We propose the creation of a Financial Services Oversight Council,
chaired by Treasury and including the heads of the principal federal financial regulators
as members. We also propose the creation of two new agencies.
For the investor types believing that active managers can generate alphas, we nd that the
ability to identify superior performing funds is further improved, albeit slightly, by augmenting the
four-factor model with country indices, even if these indices represent non-priced factors, consis-
tent with Pastor and Stambaugh (2002a). To illustrate, our baseline analysis nds CAPM alpha
enhancements of up to 5% per year from using macroeconomic state variables to choose funds,
relative to active manager choice using an unconditional CAPM model.
Since the 1980s many funds charge 12b-1 fees, which are used to pay for marketing and
distribution costs and are included in the fund's expense ratio. Many funds offer multiple share
classes (such as A, B, or C classes) with different combinations of loads and 12b-1 fees. To
approximate the total cost of mutual fund shares, we aggregate all the costs incurred by fund
shareholders using the now standard total ownership cost (TOC) measure introduced by Sirri
and Tufano (1998).
The high-technology answer seemed to lie in the creation of new manufacturing sectors,
which—by virtue of high growth and rising productivity—might restore the promise of
high-wage, stable employment. Such sectors were emerging in Silicon Valley and other
centers that increasingly looked to a combination of electronics and information as their
stock in trade. But also taking place were profound changes in the nature of manufactur-
ing; these changes would be fatal to the cities’ hopes for new sectors.
Our empirical results are based on monthly returns of 1,472 U.S. open-end, domestic
equity mutual funds existing at any time between 1975 and 2002. We investigate
the performance of the entire cross-section of mutual funds, as well as the cross-section
of each of three investment-objective categories, growth, aggressive-growth, and growth
We first show that the impact of luck on performance is substantial.
Cosmetic surgery is the latest beauty mantra in India , as more and more people want to look young
and feel good. Be it a crooked nose, cleft lip or excessive body flab, cosmetic surgery can correct
it all. Moreover, in the last decade , the popularity of medical tourism has soared among people in
developed nations due to the elevated cost of healthcare in their own countries. A career as a
cosmetic surgeon entails years of training and developing exceptional skill. However, once established,
clients will flow in.
Deakin’s MBA (International) is a distinctive MBA with an
emphasis on management skills required in a global business
environment. From a foundation in key business disciplines it
develops the capability to respond confidently to the challenges
of the international world of business.
Deakin’s MBA (International) has been designed to give high-
performing students an opportunity to gain industry experience
as part of a world-class MBA.
The MBA (International) is available to applicants who may
not have had experience as a business manager.