A PLC or programmable controller is a computer based solid state device that controls industrial equipment and processes.
Initially designed to perform the logic functions executed by relays, drum switches and mechanical timer/counters, it has
been extended to analog control as well.
A typical PLC system consists of a processor and an input/output system all mounted in a rack like system. The PLC system
is a cost effective solution for applications with a high ratio of digital to analog points in a system.
(BQ) Part 1 book "Fundamentals of industrial instrumentation and process control" has contents: Introduction and review, basic electrical components, AC electricity, electronics, pressure, level, flow, temperature and heat.
(BQ) Part 2 book "Fundamentals of industrial instrumentation and process control" has contents: Humidity, density, viscosity, and pH, other sensors, actuators and control, signal conditioning, signal transmission, process control, documentation and symbols.
This work is an extension to the earlier publication Instrumentation Fundamentals for
Process Control (2001) in which the basics of instrumentation were given along with
some applications of instruments and control systems to real processes. Because the
present work is an extension of this latter aspect, it is therefore confined mainly to the
techniques of applying instrumentation and control systems to manipulate the process to
give the desired results.
Chapter 6 "Quality control tools for improving processes", after studying this chapter you will be able to: Introduce the different quality control tools that are used in analyzing and improving the quality of processes, describe in detail the two major approaches (that is, acceptance sampling and statistical process control) in which statistical analysis can be used to improve process quality, define the two different types of errors that can occur when statistical sampling is used,...
The Instrumentation and Control Fundamentals Handbook was developed to assist nuclear
facility operating contractors provide operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff with
the necessary fundamentals training to ensure a basic understanding of instrumentation and control
systems. The handbook includes information on temperature, pressure, flow, and level detection
systems; position indication systems; process control systems; and radiation detection principles.
contains the information you need to get started
with the Laboratory Virtual Instrument Engineering Workbench
(LabVIEW) software package. LabVIEW simplifies scientific
computation, process control, and test and measurement applications,
and you can also use it for a wide variety of other programming
This manual gives you an overview of the fundamental concepts of
LabVIEW, and includes lessons to teach you what you need to know to
build your own virtual instruments (VIs) as quickly as possible. This
manual does not explain every LabVIEW feature.
Analysis and abatement of air pollution involve a variety of technical disciplines. Formation
of the most prevalent pollutants occurs during the combustion process, a tightly
coupled system involving fluid flow, mass and energy transport, and chemical kinetics.
Its complexity is exemplified by the fact that, in many respects, the simplest hydrocarbon
combustion, the methane-oxygen flame, has been quantitatively modeled only within
the last several years.
Geobiology is a highly cross-disciplinary field that
explores the present and past relationships that life has
with non-living matter. “Biosphere meets Geosphere” per-
haps most parsimoniously describes the fundamental con-
cept of Geobiology. In 1991, Peter Westbroek, a Dutch
paleontologist and influential protagonist of Geobiology
defined the field in a book entitled “Life as a Geological
Force: Dynamics of the Earth”, thus motivating a new
way of thinking in the geosciences.
In this chapter you will: Develop an understanding of the importance and nature of quality control checks, understand the data entry process and data entry alternatives, learn how surveys are tabulated and cross-tabulated, understand the concept of hypothesis development and how to text hypotheses.
(BQ) Chapter 8: Process costing. We continue our discussion of the details of a product costing system in Chapter 8 by developing a process costing system. As we discussed in Chapter 6, the difference between job order and process costing is the level at which costs are aggregated before they are assigned to the individual units of product. Process costing assumes that all units are homogeneous and follow the same path through the production process.
(BQ) Chapter 9: Activity-based costing. Chapters 7 and 8 described product costing systems. In the last 15 years or so, many companies have experimented with and implemented costing systems based on production processes rather than accounting systems. One such system is activity-based costing, or ABC, which aids managers in the decision making process. Chapter 9 describes activity-based costing.
(BQ) Chapter 13 - Planning and budgeting. Budgeting is necessary for success. In Chapter 13 we discuss the planning purpose of the budgeting process. We show how a master budget is developed and how it fits into the overall plan for achieving the organizational goals.
(BQ) Part 2 book "Fundamentals of database systems" has contents: Database design theory and normalization; file structures, indexing, and hashing; query processing and optimization, and database tuning; transaction processing, concurrency control, and recovery;...and other contents.
(BQ) Part 2 book "Fundamentals of management" has contents: Basic elements of individual behavior in organization, managing employee motivation and performance, leadership and influence processes, communication in organizations, managing work groups and teams, basic elements of control,...and other contents.
(BQ) Part 2 book "Internal combustion engines fundamentals" has contents: Combustion in compression ignition engines, pollutant formation and control, engine heat transfer, engine friction and lubrication, modeling real engine flow and combustion processes, engine operating characteristics.
(BQ) Part 2 book "Fundamentals of quality control and improvement" has contents: Control charts for attributes, process capability analysis, acceptance sampling plans for attributes and variables, reliability, experimental design and the taguchi method.
(BQ) Part 2 book "Fundamentals of project management" has contents: Producing a workable schedule, project control and evaluation, the change control process, managing the project team, managing the project team, project control using earned value analysis,...and other contents.