Xem 1-20 trên 37 kết quả Productivity in japan
  • This paper underlines the idea of endogenous growth theory that new or higher quality products have significant impacts on productivity and economic growth. Different with previous studies, this paper uses a quite comprehensive definition of variety, which distinguishes the country of origin of the products. With disaggregated level of export data of Japan from 1980 to 2000, the empirical results suggest that nearly half of the industries studied have positive and significant relationship between varieties and Total Factor Productivity (TFP).

    pdf13p mat_vang 26-12-2012 28 7   Download

  • Introduction: Non-selective phosphorus-containing amino acid-type herbicides (PAAHs) to be used for foliage exhibit lower toxicities than paraquat and are easily obtainable; they, thus, have come into wide use since 1980. The PAAHs include glufosinate (GLUF), glyphosate (GLYP) and bialaphos (BIAL). In Japan, there are many kinds of products containing GLUF and GLYP commercially available, and the number of suicidal cases using them is increasing [1].

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  • Introduction: The plant Cannabis sativa L. has a long history for human being since about BC 2000 for its use as fiber material, food and folk medicine; cannabis (hemp, marijuana) means the whole plant itself and its dried products except for its stem and seeds. The word “hashish” is mainly used for the resin of the cannabis plant.

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  • Depletion of mineral resources is one of the major problems in the world. We have consumed available resources as if they were unlimited, and at the same time we generate a huge quantity of waste, thereby contaminating the Earth. The amount of waste in our society reflects how much resources we consume. We, as modern society, create more products and packaging which is visually appealing but cannot be easily decomposed. Energy demands, resource limitations, and environmental pollution are closely linked.

    pdf306p wqwqwqwqwq 09-07-2012 17 5   Download

  • Nevertheless, it is a widespread assumption that end-of-pipe technologies still domi- nate investment decisions in firms. This is because there has been exceptionally little empiri- cal analysis directed to the determinants of the use of specific types of abatement measures - principally because of the paucity of available data. On the basis of a unique facility-level data set based on a recent survey covering seven OECD countries (Canada, France, Germany, Hungary, Japan, Norway, and the U.S.) we find a clear dominance of cleaner production in these countries: Surprisingly, 76.

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  • We describe an on-going project whose primary aim is to establish the technology of producing closed captions for TV news programs efficiently using natural language processing and speech recognition techniques for the benefit of the hearing impaired in Japan. The project is supported by the Telecommunications Advancement Organisation of Japan with the help of the ministry of Posts and Telecommunications.

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  • This feasibility study commissioned by the National Institute for Advanced Industrial Science and Technology in Japan (AIST) and supported by the Sustainable Consumption Unit (UNEP) provided an overview of approaches used in different disciplines for evaluating consumer behaviour. The study analysed the applicability of existing research concepts, theories, and tools for evaluating consumer satisfaction with product-service systems (PSS). It included a discussion of their strengths/weaknesses.......

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  • Introduction: An organophosphorus nerve agent VX (O-ethyl S-2-diisopropylaminoethyl methylphosphonothiolate, Figure 2.1) shows potent inhibitory action on acetylcholinesterase; its development, production, stockpiling and use are being prohibited by the CWC international treaty as a chemical weapon together with those of sarin and soman. In addition, even material compounds for VX synthesis are being also controlled strictly. In the world history, there had been no records on the use of VX in any international dispute.

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  • While Japan’s share in India’s shrimp exports declined from 60 percent in 1993–94 to 39 percent in 2001–02, Japan remains the country’s main export market (figure 7). Over this same period, exports to the U.S. declined from 22 percent in 1993–94 to approximately 13 percent in 1996–97, recovering to 7 reach 31 percent again in 2001–02. Exports to the EU expanded from 13 percent by value in 1993–94 to 21 percent in 1995–96, but then collapsed to 6 percent in 1997–98 reflecting the restrictions imposed by the European Commission (see below).

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  • The search for resources including minerals, petroleum, and foodstuffs. For example: The US agribusiness giant United Fruit Company: controlled 90 per cent of US banana imports by 1899. Royal Dutch/Shell accounted for 20 per cent of Russia's total oil production. In Japan: Mitsui and Mitsubishi – “financial clique”

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  • The Convention also targets two industrial chemicals: hexachlorobenzene (HCB), which is also used as a pesticide and can be a byproduct of pesticide manufacture, and the class of industrial chemicals known as PCBs, or polychlorinated biphenyls. PCBs have received a great deal of publicity for polluting rivers and lakes in industrial regions, killing or poisoning fish, and causing several human health scandals, including contamination of rice oil in Japan in 1968 and Taiwan in 1979.

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  • Mutant analysis by polymerase chain reaction and restriction enzyme cleavage (MAPREC) has been developed by Chumakov et al. for poliovirus to determine quantitatively the presence of genomic changes in particular nucleotide sequences that lead to virulence phenotypes of oral poliomyelitis vaccine (OPV or live attenuated vaccine) [1]. Afterwards, this RI (radioisotope) MAPREC was developed to non RI – MAPREC by Japan Poliomyelitis Research Institute in 1998 to compensate for some disadvantages of RI-MAPREC [2].

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  • One might expect that these regions would divide into two groups, those free of highly-infectious poultry diseases and those that are not free of disease, with trade occurring within each group. However, this is not the case. The major importers of poultry products, China, Japan, and Russia, accept imports from all exporting regions in the model. The two major exporters, the US and Brazil, do not accept imports from each other and also ban imports from China, based on recurrent outbreaks of Newcastle Disease. The EU also bans imports from the US and from China. The...

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  • Traditional Asian medicine has been in existence for more than 5000 years. It relies on using animal and plant substances, which form the basis of raw ingredients for prescription medicine and manufactured patent medicines. The raw ingredients may be used directly after some preparation (grinding, washing, boiling, drying etc.) or may be made into factory-processed forms such as plasters, pills or tablets and packaged in mass quantities for national or worldwide distribution.

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  • Th e ste el industry is one of man y major wo rl d industries exte nsively restructured in th is era of globalizatio n. The Global Restructuring of the Steel Indu stry explains how and why th e steel ind ustry has shifted from advanced ca pita list countries to late ind ustria lizing countries. Drawing upon case studies of th e steel industr y in th e US, Japan, South Korea, Brazil and India, Anthony P.D'Costa examines the relationship between industri al cha nge and institutional responses to techn ological diffusion....

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  • launch regional programs (as part of global platform) Accelerate new product development. Specialization of production sites in Asia Pacific Increasing logistics flows in the region. Increasing competitiveness of regional suppliers. Europe and US investments in Japan, Korea and Asia. cost reduction plans by car makers and suppliers. increase capacities in North America and Asia Pacif.

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  • The size of the country is matched by a longstanding love affair with cinema which creates the world’s biggest film audience. Even though India was controlled by the British until 1947, this did not prevent the development of ‘industrial’ film production in several Indian cities, so that by the late 1930s an Indian ‘studio system’ was in place.

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  • By the 1980s, however, manufacturing losses in both new and old plants were being exac- erbated by foreign competition. As the United States embraced free trade, the aggregate effect was beneficial, but in some sectors and regions adverse impacts were undeniable, especially in older cities. The rise of new competitors—notably from Japan—opened the way to globalization of consumer goods production, both durable and nondurable, that was cheaper and frequently better.

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  • Nevertheless, the WTO Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) provides Members—both developing and developed—with certain flexibilities to pursue sustainable development objectives like protecting the environment as well as preserving a viable rural farming sector. Mostly developed countries have gained some experience in developing such policies since they had to restructure their rural production sectors already with the beginning of industrialization.

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  • Geochemical Investigations in Earth and Space Science: A Tribute to Isaac R. Kaplan is the written product of a technical session organized for the 2002 Geological Society of America in recognition of Isaac (Ian) Kaplan’s many contributions to various fields of geochemistry. This volume is a collection of 29 papers written by former students, post-doctoral researchers, friends and colleagues from countries all over the world (including Sweden, Japan, Taiwan, New Zealand, Australia, Israel and the United States)....

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