Xem 1-20 trên 79 kết quả Professional psychology
  • Industrial psychology began almost as soon as psychology had developed enough of a science for it to be applied to industry. As early as the 1890s, Hugo Munsterberg, the German American psychologist, was involved with the selection of street car operators (cf. Koppes, 2007), and by the 1920s, business applications of psychology in employee selection, advertising, and organizational design were thriving. Industrial psychology was one of the four original specialties of the American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP) in 1947.

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  • When one thinks of police and police psychology, one might assume that the practice of police psychology has been around almost as long as the profes- sion, which dates back some 200 years, but police psychology is a relatively new specialty, which falls under the umbrella of forensic psychology. Al- though the profession of policing dates back to the early 1800s, it wasn’t until 1908 that it began developing standards and training for police recruits. h e fi rst such professional training program was established by August Vollmer in Berkeley, California.

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  • Cultural diversity is one of the most important topics in the world today. Here in the United States, we live, work, and play with an increasing number of people from all cultures, countries, and walks of life. New immigrants alone make up 10% of the total U.S. population, and that does not include all of the cultural diversity that has existed in this country for decades. In many other countries as well—in Europe, Africa, Asia, and Oceania—people of different countries and cultures come together more today than ever before.

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  • In the opinion of Dorothea Brandt, author of the famous Becoming a Writer (1981), all writing is autobiographical in one way or another. Hence this book may be seen to represent not only something about its topic, person-centred counselling psychology, but also something about me, as its author. Certainly, the focus of the book evolved from the disparate strands of my own career, firstly as an academic psychologist, then, as a person-centred counsellor, and now as a counselling psychologist.

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  • In my professional life I have been asked many times the simple question: What is transpersonal psychology, counselling or psychotherapy? The answer is straightforward: it is a broad transcultural theory of human nature that posits that human beings are more than physical and psychological beings, with some form of spirituality being a reasonable bet. Oh, and by the way, it is also a discrete field of study that could be conceived as having had about 40 years of academic recognition.

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  • More than an accidental injury, more than a serious illness, more than a natural disaster, the trauma of crime victimization goes beyond physical and psychological injury: It robs us of the very faith we have in the human world. Although eclipsed in recent headlines by terrorism, the common everyday violations of civilized behavior that our own citizens continue to perpetrate on one another are no less wrenching.

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  • The development of Understanding Research in Clinical and Counseling Psychology is the result of our experiences teaching and working with students in professional psychology over many years. Although virtually all graduate programs require a course on research, the basis for that requirement is often shrouded in mystery for many students. Students enter their graduate training with the admirable ambition of learning skills important for assisting clients to make changes.

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  • Some years ago in one of those all too rare moments of reflection it occurred to me that I was only three lifetimes away from the very beginnings of modern psychology. It is generally agreed, as we will see, that what we call "scientific psychology" began with Wundt's laboratory at Leipzig around 1879. Similarly, applied psychology is seen to have begun with the work of Francis Galton in England at about the same time. A short time later James McKeen Cattell, one of Wundfs first American students received his Ph.D. at Leipzig and went on to work briefly with Galton.

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  • That every idea in consciousness is energizing and carries with it an impulse to some kind of muscular activity is a comparatively new but well-settled principle of psychology. That this principle could be made to serve practical ends seems never to have occurred to anyone until within the last few years.

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  • In 1977, Dr. George Engel’s seminal article on the biopsychosocial model of disease, “The Need for a New Medical Model: A Challenge for Biomedicine,” was published in Science. Over 20 years later, the article is still required reading in many training programs in psychiatry, nursing, psychology, and social work, because the biopsychosocial model advances a comprehensive understanding of disease and treatment. The model is derived from general systems theory, which proposes that each system affects and is affected by the other systems....

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  • (BQ) The Social Psychology of Exercise and Sport is key reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students on social or sport psychology courses and on health-related or sports science courses. Illustrated throughout with practical guidelines for researchers and practitioners, it is also a valuable resource for professionals interested in understanding and changing the behaviour of exercise participants and athletes.

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  • First Published in 1937. This updated ebook version Copyright ©2005 Cornerstone Publishing Self-Improvement-eBooks.com All Rights Reserved This grandfather of all people-skills books was first published in 1937. It was an overnight hit, eventually selling 15 million copies. How to Win Friends and Influence People is just as useful today as it was when it was first published, because Dale Carnegie had an understanding of human nature that will never be outdated.

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  • Trading is competitive. It is a zero-sum game—for every winner, there is a loser. And, if that is not challenging enough, some of the brightest people in the world are professional traders. When trading the financial markets, the retired attorney, former marketing executive, or housewife is akin to David squaring off against Goliath. At first glance, it appears that the little guy has no chance to succeed. However, remember that when the biblical battle ended, it was David who was still standing....

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  • The second chapter case study by Rosso et al. presents a medical survey that tests professional drivers for the presence of various psychoactive substances. Positives were identified by using a commercially available immunoassay rapid kit test which indicates consumption of psychoactive drugs. This is of interest and important since the dependence on drugs may pose a risk to drivers in their profession affecting their reaction time and driving judgment. This is one of the first and important contributions to the literature in this area.

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  • Criminal psychology, forensic technology, and profiling. These three disciplines have received a wealth of media attention over the past decade. Consequently, due to public and professional interest, a plethora of books have been published. The technique of offender profiling, or classifying offenders according to their behaviors and characteristics, has been developing slowly as a possible investigative tool since 1841 and the publication of the The Murders in the Rue Morgue by Edgar Alan Poe, in which detective C.

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  • Mental health and legal professionals face formidable challenges in applying their knowledge and expertise to the criminal justice system. This book addresses psycholegal issues from both law (e.g., statutes, case law, and legal theory) and clinical-forensic (e.g., empirically based knowledge and specialized methods) perspectives.Within the criminal justice system, it considers the major legal, empirical, and forensic issues found in the law–mental health interface.

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  • Potential negative consequences of early identification of cognitive impairment clearly exist. Labelling an individual as demented may affect his or her ability to obtain life or health insurance, and may influence attitudes towards the individual by health care professionals and others. The label of Alzheimer’s disease may cause prejudice and difficulty in gaining admission to some long-term facilities.

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  • Each mental health professional’s life offers a personal opportunity to diminish the sense of bafflement about how health, suffering, and recovery processes work. Over decades of work in a mental health field, many of us develop the sense that we better understand some aspects of psychology and psychopathology. Those who devote themselves to one subject in a scholarly research fashion seem to have a slightly greater potential to remove some of the mystery for themselves and others in a particular subject area.

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  • The Graziadio School focuses on the professional and personal development of business professionals, managers, and senior executives. The school’s programs prepare individuals for leadership positions in a wide variety of industrial, educational, nonprofit, and other service organizations. The school views leadership as being applicable at all levels of the organization that require management and stewardship of resources toward the accomplishment of stated objectives. Programs are organized from an integrated, interdisciplinary perspective.

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  • Developmental Psychology for Family Law Professionals: Theory, Applica- tion, and the Best Interests of the Child is a practical application of developmental theory to the practice of family law. It intends to help you to ask questions that are developmentally informed and to better understand the breadth of experience, reams of reports and depth of emotion that must be digested in the course of seeking to understand each child’s unique needs.

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