Profitability aspects

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  • The field of marketing communications is ever-changing. Brand managers continually attempt to gain advantage over competitors and endeavor to achieve larger market shares and profits for the brands they manage. Marketing communications, or marcom, is just one element of the marketing mix, but advertising, promotions, marketing-oriented public relations, and other marcom tools perform increasingly important roles in firms’ quests to achieve financial and nonfinancial goals.

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  • Nowadays, it is generally accepted that in the natural and industrial environments, corrosion and pollution are interrelated harmful processes since many water, air and soil pollutants accelerate corrosion, and corrosion products such as rust, oxides and salts, also pollute water bodies at ports, rivers, dams, canals and shipyards. Both are pernicious processes that impair the durability of the infrastructure assets, the industry efficiency and profitability and the quality of the environment.

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  • The other group of articles is rather empirical in nature and estimate a long-run relationship between the aggregated value of credit and a set of standard macroeconomic factors such as output, prices or interest rates. The main ¯nding of these studies is that for most countries the value of credit tend to increase with GDP and asset prices, and to decrease with the level of interest rates (see Egert et al., 2007 and references therein).

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  • In Pakistan, a two-tiered action plan is required: to develop systems, which provide profitability for the smallholder and maintain quality through the supply chain, while assisting the development of larger scale commercial farms. We believe the co-existence of both kinds of farms is the reality of dairying in Pakistan and development efforts must provide solutions for both smallholders and commercial farmers. The Chinese model of farm development may provide a good example. Milk production in China is very diverse.

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  • Milk has nutrients that make it suitable for the rapid multiplication of bacteria that cause spoilage. Unhygienic production, poor handling and undesirable practices such as addition of water or other substances can introduce bacteria or germs that cause spoilage. The resulting wastage can make you lose profits that you would have otherwise made. Unhygienic handling may introduce disease-causing bacteria into the milk and this can also adversely affect human health.

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  • Another broad-based farm organization, the National Farmers Union (NFU), contends that crop insurance remains inadequate for those with multi-year disasters, and that crop quality loss discounts applied in insurance contracts do not reflect realities of the marketplace. The organization also wants insurance companies to offer coverage in all areas and not “cherry pick” regions that are most profitable, a concern that USDA attempted to address in the Standard Reinsurance Agreement signed in 2010.

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  • Examples of embedded derivatives which are not required to be separated A derivative embedded in an insurance contract is considered to be closely related to the host insurance contract if the embedded derivative and the host insurance contract are so interdependent that an entity cannot measure the embedded derivative separately. In this situation, an entity would not separate the embedded derivative.

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  • Although the results of many recent research impacts studies support the view that investments in agricultural research continue to generate attractive rates of return, some people are uncomfortable with the limitations of the economic framework. Their concern is understandable, because economic rate-of-returns analysis is, in some ways, poorly suited for evaluating an activity (agricultural research) whose primary outputs (technological innovations) are essentially a means of achieving broader welfare goals that cannot easily be measured, much less valued.

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  • Real estate markets globally have been severely affected by ongoing unprecedented economic turmoil, particularly in Europe and the United States. This is expected to continue. The Australian real estate market has, in this time, emerged as a destination of choice for global real estate investors seeking a safe haven in a well-regulated and highly transparent growth-oriented market for doing business.

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  • Our results suggest that stronger competition implies significantly lower interest rate spreads for most loan market products, as we expected. This result implies that bank interest rates are lower and that the pass-through of market rates is stronger, the heavier competition is. We find evidence of the latter in our error correction model of bank interest rates. Furthermore, when loan market competition is stronger, we observe larger bank spreads (that is, lower bank interest rates) on current account and time deposits.

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  • Finally, the individuals who are at the core of healthcare—patients—face challenges of their own. In early 2010, one out of seven U.S. citizens was uninsured or underin- sured—roughly 45 million people. 6 In addition, uninsured medical costs are the num- ber one cause of personal bankruptcy. 7 Without a doubt, healthcare is currently in a quality, safety, and cost crisis—one that exhibits symptoms at the individual, organizational, and societal level. However, we must acknowledge that this sense of crisis is not new.

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  • After you've bored your friends, relatives and pets to death, you should give seminar. This is a really important phase: the more you can talk about your work, the better the nal paper will be. This is because a talk forces you to get to the point. If you want your audience to listen to you, you've got to make your idea clear, concise, and organized|and the experience that you gain by doing this is extremely useful for writing your paper. I listen to a lot of stupid ideas|but that's what I'm paid to do. Lots of people listen to stupid ideas from me, too: my...

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  • We want to make it easy for ordinary people, especially children, to design and manufacture three-dimensional models using planar components as an entrée to learning to design. We believe that the experience of designing and making things is a powerful vehicle for learning. For many people, designing and making something can be rewarding and engaging, and, we think, can motivate more general learning in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.

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  • The primary statutes regulating pesticide use in the United States are the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) and the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA). FIFRA gives EPA the authority to regulate the registration (licensing) and use of pesticides, and FFDCA governs the establishment of tolerances (also known as maximum residue limits) on food and animal feed.

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  • Alu transposons are found only in primate genomes and have accumulated in large numbers since primates diverged from other mammals. Human chromosomes contain more than one million Alu copies, equaling about 10% of the genome by mass. This accumulation was made possible by a transposition mechanism that reverse transcribes Alu mRNAs into mobile DNA copies. Another transposon, the long interspersed element (LINE) L1, supplies a specialized reverse transcriptase enzyme needed for Alu to jump. Hence, Alu and L1 exist in a sort of molecular symbiosis.

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  • In IONIC BONDING the valence electrons are completely transferred from one atom to the other atom. Ionic bonds occur between metals and nonmetals when there is a large difference in electronegativity. In COVALENT BONDING the valence electrons are shared as pairs between the bonded atoms. Pure covalent bonding only occurs when two nonmetal atoms of the same kind bind to each other. When two different nonmetal atoms are bonded or a nonmetal and a metal are bonded, then the bond is a mixture of covalent and ionic bonding called polar covalent bonding.

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  • A multi-user system usually involves a large amount of information shared among its users. The security impli- cations of such information can never be underestimated. In this paper, we present a new attack that allows a ma- licious user to eavesdrop on other users’ keystrokes us- ing such information. Our attack takes advantage of the stack information of a process disclosed by its virtual file within procfs, the process file system supported by Linux.

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  • The aim of this text is to explain the meaning and use of the principal accountancy statements,models and activities in business life. The word ‘statements’ includes balance sheets, profit and loss accounts, cash flow statements and budget reports. The word ‘models’is used to mean the exercises of costing, cash flow forecasting, capital expenditure appraising and other modelling which is essential for sound business decision making. The word ‘activities’covers the topics of accounting systems and controls, record keeping (book keeping) and the operation of the budget process.

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  • This chapter describes the background to why it became necessary to regulate the use and supply of drugs, and the ways in which these processes are managed. • Basis for regulation: safety, efficacy, quality, supply • Present medicines regulatory system • Present day requirements • Counterfeit drugs • Appendix: the thalidomide disaster change the safety information e.g. add new warnings, or contraindications. The quality aspects may also need to be revised as manufacturing practices change. MAH's have strong profit motives for making claims about their drugs.

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  • The Object Management Group (OMG) is an open membership, not-for-profit consortium that produces and maintains computer-industry specifications for interoperable applications. To achieve this goal, the OMG specifies open standards for every aspect of distributed computing, from analysis and design through infrastructure to application objects and components defined on virtually every enterprise middleware platform. OMG’s membership roster includes virtually every large company in the computer industry, and hundreds of smaller ones.

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