Although dyspnea is a common symptom, there has been only limited investigation of
its prognostic significance among patients referred for cardiac evaluation.
We studied 17,991 patients undergoing myocardial-perfusion single-photon-emission
computed tomography during stress and at rest. Patients were divided into five categories
on the basis of symptoms at presentation (none, nonanginal chest pain, atypical angina,
typical angina, and dyspnea).
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài:
Prognostic significance of Oct4 and Sox2 expression in hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài:Topoisomerase II alpha gene copy loss has adverse prognostic significance in ERBB2-amplified breast cancer: a retrospective study of paraffin-embedded tumor specimens and medical charts
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Radiation Oncology cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Prognostic significance of IDH-1 and MGMT in patients with glioblastoma: One step forward, and one step back?
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Expression and prognostic significance of cancer-testis antigens (CTA) in intrahepatic cholagiocarcinoma
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Prognostic significance of STAT3 and phosphorylated STAT3 in human soft tissue tumors - a clinicopathological analysis
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Radiation Oncology cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Effects of radiation therapy on tissue and serum concentrations of tumour associated trypsin inhibitor and their prognostic significance in rectal cancer patients...
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Wertheim cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: The prognostic significance of facial lymphoedema in HIV-seropositive subjects with Kaposi sarcoma...
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về hóa học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học quốc tế đề tài : Correlation between expression of p53, p21/WAF1, and MDM2 proteins and their prognostic significance in primary hepatocellular carcinoma
One of the main projects of the health promoting schools network in Albania, in the field of health
education for primary school pupils, has created a positive experience that has improved daily, with
different activities organized by pupils of each school. It is important to mention the significant role
of teachers that directly or indirectly make their contribution to strengthening those initiatives; the
total integration of pupils full of enthusiasm, and the integration of parents in the realization of
every concrete project.
Opportunity: Obesity is a major cause of morbidity in children and adults. In the US, in 2000, it was responsible for
approximately 400,000 deaths and accounted for about 7% of health care expenditures. Obesity, particularly abdominal
obesity, is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Furthermore, obesity results in
many other adverse conditions and disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, various forms of cancer and chronic respiratory
diseases. It augments mortality rate and may truncate lifespan by as much as 5–20 years.
In general, the health status at old age has an important individual and social relevance. The
vulnerability is increasing by physiological and morphological changes in the organism and
central nervous system during the ageing process. The indicators of physiological health are
based on prevalence of disabilities and causes of death. In Germany the main causes of death
are circulatory diseases, neoplasms, diseases of respiratory system and diseases of digestive
system (Statistisches Bundesamt 2007a; Nolte, Shkolinikov & McKee 2000).
As a scientist who has worked for more than 40 years to find cures for infectious
disease, I find the idea that terrorists would use biological agents as a
weapon to be anathema. It violates the fundamental values of the life sciences that
I and my colleagues hold dear: that science is a vital tool for improving life and
the health of our planet and enhancing our understanding of the natural world.
My own work has focused on cholera, a disease responsible for the death
of thousands of people around the world every year.
The share of infrastructure increased to 40 percent in 2011 from
31 percent in 2010 while the share of industry decreased to 32 percent––though given the
substantial increase in BNDES lending, the absolute levels of credit for industry have
increased. (see Figure 19). Looking further ahead, BNDES could gradually shift toward
promoting the development of long-term capital markets, including by playing a role in
standardization and market making (e.g., co-financing of infrastructure projects with the
private sectors) in the long-term financing market. ...
In the first section of this book, ‘Retroviral Vector’, chapter one discusses the efficiency
of retroviral DNA integration, the preferences of integration for certain regions, and
advances on integration site selection and gene therapy. Chapter two reviews and
discusses the current cell lines and bioreaction platforms used for production of
retroviral and lentiviral vectors, focusing on the current bottlenecks and future
directions with a particular emphasis in the metabolic constrains.
Why, then, have scores of drugs, previously found to be effective in animal models,
failed clinical trials? The average clinician will answer this question by saying that
animal experiments are useless, that they do not reflect the human situation, that they
are badly designed and carried out, and so forth. Meetings and committees have even
been celebrated to declare this truth, and to teach preclinical neuroscientists how to
properly carry out their experiments, see for example the “STAIR” (Stroke Therapy
Academic Industry Roundtable) meetings in the US....
A public pension fund’s decision to invest in emerging domestic markets is driven first
and foremost by its fiduciary duty and overarching mission to achieve competitive financial
returns for its pension fund retirees and beneficiaries. Public pension funds, as with any
institutional fund, seek to outperform the market. Investments targeted to EDM can both
achieve good returns and help overall fund performance by diversifying the pension fund’s
portfolio. A well-diversified portfolio is made up of a spectrum of asset classes as a means of
spreading risk across classes.
The second phase of this financial crisis is less uncommon except that the severity of the
macroeconomic downturn confronting countries around the world is the worst since the Great
Depression of the 1930s. The financial crisis soon spread to real sectors to negatively affect
whole economies, production, firms, investors, and households. Many of these countries,
particularly those with emerging and developing markets, have been pulled down by the ever
widening flight of capital from their economies and by falling exports and commodity prices.
Table 86-2 5-Year Survival Rate for Breast Cancer by Stage
5-Year Survival, %
Source: Modified from data of the National Cancer Institute—Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER).
Estrogen and progesterone receptor status are of prognostic significance. Tumors that lack either or both of these receptors are more likely to recur than tumors that have them.
Several measures of tumor growth rate correlate with early relapse. S-phase analysis using flow cytometry is the most accurate measure.
Table 105-6 presents the best documented translocations and associated oncogenes for various subtypes of lymphoid malignancies. In some cases, such as the association of the t(14;18) in follicular lymphoma, the t(2;5) in anaplastic large T/null cell lymphoma, the t(8;14) in Burkitt's lymphoma, and the t(11;14) in mantle cell lymphoma, the great majority of tumors in patients with these diagnoses display these abnormalities. In other types of lymphoma where a minority of the patients have tumors expressing specific genetic abnormalities, the defects may have prognostic significance.