Genetic programming (GP) is a branch of Evolutionary Computing that aims the automatic discovery of programs to solve a given problem. Since its appearance, in the earliest nineties, GP has become one of the most promising paradigms for solving problems in the artificial intelligence field, producing a number of human-competitive results and even patentable new inventions. And, as other areas in Computer Science, GP continues evolving quickly, with new ideas, techniques and applications being constantly proposed....
Before, we dive into the evolution of ASP, we should review some basic Web client/server
fundamentals. At the highest level, communication in a Web-based environment occurs
between two entities: (1) a Web client (most commonly a Web browser such as Internet
Explorer or Netscape Navigator), which is an application that requests files from a Web
server, and (2) a Web server, which is a software application, usually residing on a server,
that handles client requests.
Introduction to Computers, the Internet and the Web
Introduction What Is a Computer? Computer Organization Evolution of Operating Systems Personal, Distributed and Client/Server Computing Machine Languages, Assembly Languages and High-Level Languages History of C++ History of Java Java Class Libraries Other High-Level Languages Structured Programming The Internet and the World Wide Web Basics of a Typical Java Environment General Notes about Java and This Book Thinking About Objects: Introduction to Object Technology and the Unified Modeling Language Discovering Design Patterns: Introduct...
Central processing unit (CPU) “Administrative” section
Supervises and coordinates other sections of computer
Secondary storage unit Long-term, high-capacity “warehouse” section Storage Inactive programs or data
Secondary storage devices. Disks Longer to access than primary memory Less expensive per unit than primary memory
During the evolution of jBPM, leading up to Activiti, I took a new approach to
the old problem. Initially, the focus was on state machines, but eventually we constructed
an engine to match the way business people and developers collaborate. We
designed the engine in such a way that it would allow business people to define the
graphical flow of the process and, at the same time, give developers the opportunity
to bind program logic inside the process flows. In addition, the engine was lightweight
and integrated easily into any Java environment. The result was what we call
Chapter 9 – Software evolution. The objectives of this chapter are to explain why software evolution is an important part of software engineering and to describe software evolution processes. When you have read this chapter, you will: understand that change is inevitable if software systems are to remain useful and that software development and evolution may be integrated in a spiral model; understand software evolution processes and influences on these processes.
Chapter 21 - Software evolution. In this chapter, the learning objectives are: To explain why change is inevitable if software systems are to remain useful, to discuss software maintenance and maintenance cost factors, to describe the processes involved in software evolution, to discuss an approach to assessing evolution strategies for legacy systems.
ASP (Active Server Pages) is a web development technology that's leapt through several
stages of evolution. It was first introduced as an easy way to add dynamic content to ordinary
web pages. Since then, it’s grown into something much more ambitious: a platformfor
creating advanced web applications, including e-commerce shops, data-driven portal sites,
and just about anything else you can find on the Internet.
ASP.NET 2.0 is the latest version of ASP, and it represents the most dramatic change yet.
The Handbook of Public Sector Economics
is first and foremost a
textbook for graduate students in public administration and public
policy. Although most handbooks are used as reference texts, this
particular handbook was proposed and written as a textbook to be
used as the primary book in a graduate public economics course or
an important secondary or supplementary book in a public finance
or public policy course in a program where a course in public economics
is not offered.
Sometimes we make things more difficult for ourselves than they really need to be. Programmers
are no exception to this. For example, those of us of an object-oriented persuasion devote time
and expertise to creating a model of a problem domain in terms of objects. We produce solutions
that model real-world objects and that are highly extensible and reusable. And then we decide
that we need those objects to stick around after the program stops, so we go ahead and create
another, totally different model, just so that we can use a database....
PHP is an open source, server-side, HTML-embedded scripting language used to create dynamically generated Web pages. With an easy-to-use syntax and a large, extensible library of modules, PHP brings together the best of Perl, C++, and other languages. The PHP Developer’s Dictionary is a comprehensive reference to PHP 4. It details the evolution of the PHP language and the enhancements that PHP 4 brings to the programmer, and it shows the reader how to install the application, generate HTML, and access databases....
Every aspect of a network-storage, file transfers, backup-depends on the filesystem for structure, functionality, and integrity. Surprisingly, UNIX-the operating system of choice for mission-critical networks-has historically had little documentation on its filesystem structures. Written by Steve Pate, a sen-ior member of the VERITAS Filesystems Group, this book sheds light on the inner workings of UNIX filesystems and gives you the know-how to fine-tune your UNIX filesystems for optimal performance.
"A=B" is about identities in general, and hypergeometric identities in particular, with emphasis on computer methods of discovery and proof. The book describes a number of algorithms for doing these tasks, and we intend to maintain the latest versions of the programs that carry out these algorithms on this page. So be sure to consult this page from time to time, and help yourself to the latest versions of the programs.
It would have been much easier for me to write this
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT if I were a well established scientist of
international fame. I could then write in a pastoral manner about sweet
recollections of the past, starting with a certain scientist, also internationally
famous of course, who came to visit my lab and suggested that I should write
such a book. Knowing that the whole world was watching and waiting, I had
set aside all the other very important works and devoted most of my time to
the writing of this path-blazing masterpiece.
In response to the enactment by the U.S. Congress of the Intermodal
Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA), the Federal Highway
Administration (FHWA) requested that the National Research Council (NRC)
conduct a study on nonconventional concrete technology for renewal of the
highway infrastructure. ISTEA directed the FHWA to initiate a comprehensive,
long-range infrastructure research and development (R&D) program.
In this section, we aim to use a comparative analysis between the Arab Region
and the rest of the world to assess the current state of the media industry and
identify key opportunities for growth. We will assess the similarities between the
media industry in the Arab Region and the global landscape, such as changing
consumption trends, the evolution of new platforms and new monetisation
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Minireview cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: New genes in the evolution of the neural crest differentiation program...
The seed and full alignments, accompanied by
annotation and cross-references to other family and
structure databases and to the literature and the
HMMs, are what make up Pfam-A. Each family has
a permanent accession number and can thus be
referenced from other databases. For release 1.0, we
strived to include every family with more than 50
members in Pfam-A. All sequence domains not in
Pfam-A were then clustered and aligned automati-
cally by the Domainer program into Pfam-B. To-
gether, Pfam-A and Pfam-B provide a complete clus-
tering of all protein sequences.