The members of the cautious group, which have traditionally been protecting and supporting
their agriculture markets, want to make sure that—despite progressing liberalization—there will
be enough room for them to continue providing farmers with larger sums of support. As a result,
this group wants to retain an instrument (such as the Green Box) through which larger amounts
of subsidies can be paid to their farming sector to sustain a minimum degree of farming activity.
Many developing countries are currently in the process of restructuring their economies towards
a more market-oriented production. This process had been initiated inter alia by efforts under
the auspices of the World Trade Organization (WTO) to progressively liberalize international
markets. More than 100 developing countries are now Members of the WTO. Since its
establishment in early 1995, it became evident that progressively subjecting national production
to market forces can have both positive and negative effects on Members’ economies, societies
By now, it is widely recognized that gender inequality is both a serious brake on development and a denial of the rights of
women and girls. The United Nations System Task Team Report on a Post 2015 Development Agenda therefore
recommended that a future global development agenda should not only seek to address and monitor the elimination of
specific gender gaps. It should also transform the structural factors that underpin the widespread persistence of gender
based violence, discrimination and unequal development progress between women and men and girls and boys.
During the past 25 years of digital information development, industry-wide discussion has progressed from resolving technology issues for managing GI to establishing policy for accessing it, especially in the public sector. Geographic Information: Value, Pricing, Production and Consumption brings the producer and consumer arguments together, providing a fresh perspective on the emotional and territorial issues of IPR (intellectual property rights) protection and liberation.
Addressing the options for domestic sustainable agriculture policies in developing countries, it is
generally observed that the world’s agriculture trade system is progressively moving towards an
open-market system, a process which is desirable from both a trade as well as a sustainable
development point of view.
In these ongoing negotiations, three main groupings have emerged. A cautious group comprising
European and other Northern countries promotes the maintenance of the current concept
embodied in the AoA and to take account of non-trade concerns (NTCs) in the further
liberalization process. The ambitious camp of net-food exporters such as Cairns Group countries
and the United States call for significant progress in market access and the elimination of both
export subsidies and trade distortive domestic support.