The main goals of this chapter are to: Understand the different project organisational structures that broadly define how the project fits with the organisational structures that may already exist in an organisation, realise the importance of an organisation’s culture and the effect it can have on the management of a project.
It was just a few decades ago, in the 1950s, that modern project management was first seen as an
individual subject within the area of economic sciences. Centuries back, so-called “projects” were finished
successfully, e.g. the building of the aqueducts in Roman times or the construction of the Great Wall in
China, but these projects were managed more on an ad-hoc basis mostly using informal techniques and
International business is the study of transactions taking place across national borders for the purpose of satisfying the needs of individuals and organisations. These transactions can be trade (importing, exporting) and direct investment.
Many businesses do not change when they need to, nor do they
change when they have to. If they did, many fewer would fail. But,
like people, they only change when they want to.
If a change in the way an organisation achieves successful project
outcomes is to be considered, it should be seen as a culture change,
involving adjustments in mindset, values and behaviour; it may involve
abandoning norms and sacred cows.
Mobile network operators will meet many challenges in the coming years. It is expected that the
number of people connected, wireline and wireless, will reach five billion by 2015. At the same
time, people use more wireless services and they expect similar user experience to what they
can now get from fixed networks. Because of that we will see a hundred-fold increase in
network traffic in the near future. At the same time markets are saturating and the revenue per
bit is dropping.
This thesis describes a programme of continuous action research,
involving an international network of major organisations to which
projects are important. The research concerns the development of
methodology and content to build this nchvork into a learning
community for project improvement. The research started with six
quite basic questions about project management practices but it has led
to significant developments in:
We describe an on-going project whose primary aim is to establish the technology of producing closed captions for TV news programs efficiently using natural language processing and speech recognition techniques for the benefit of the hearing impaired in Japan. The project is supported by the Telecommunications Advancement Organisation of Japan with the help of the ministry of Posts and Telecommunications.
After you have mastered the material in this chapter, you will be able to: Understand how projects differ from routine operational work, develop an understanding of the background to project management, understand at a broad level the concept of a project life cycle, make the link between an organisation’s strategy and the need for projects.
In this chapter, the learning objectives are: Further develop and understand the importance of the methods that define and align an organisation’s project activity, understand the features of portfolio management systems and the role of a typical Project Management Office (PMO), be able to identify what information and support a PMO should be providing to your project environment,...
On behalf of the SB05Tokyo Student Session Organising Committee, I would like to welcome you all
to Tokyo and to the first attempt of a student session in the series of Sustainable Building
Conferences. We initiated this event based on the brief that it could create networks between young
architects and researchers in the field of Sustainable Building, and that the networks could act as an
essential catalyst for forming a better, less unsustainable future.
This article examines the literature on case studies of knowledge management systems
in use in organisations that develop software. We investigate knowledge management
approaches in eight case studies, and what the reported benets are. Surprisingly, very
few organisations claim to have lowered software production costs or increased the quality
of the software. But many claim to have improved the work situation for software
developers and managers.
With the ever-increasing levels of volatility in demand and more and more turbulent market conditions, there is a growing acceptance that individual businesses can no longer compete as stand-alone entities but rather as supply chains. Supply chain management (SCM) has been both an emergent field of practice and an academic domain to help firms satisfy customer needs more responsively with improved quality, reduction cost and higher flexibility.
This report provides baseline information on investigations undertaken as part of the Collaboration for
Agriculture and Rural Development CARD Project 050/04VIE “Improvement of export and domestic markets
for Vietnamese fruit through improved post-harvest and supply chain management”. This collaborative
project is funded by AusAID and administered by Hassall and Associates International.
E-mail and the Internet now make day to day to
communication easier to organise, but distance
makes it even more important to have a clear
action plan with proper phases; to plan meetings
carefully; to specify deliverables and to keep to
them; to be clear from the outset about how
outcomes will be assessed.
Conference telephone calls, internet chat rooms,
project focus groups are all good ways of
In the beginning, the word ‘Project’ was associated primarily with engineering, in
particular with developments at the forefront of technology. The next place it cropped
up was in Information Technology where Software Programming required
sophisticated project methodology. Today, though, a project mentality is essential in
our topsy turvey world of the new millennium. The organisations that will remain
healthy are the ones that have an effective and widely understood approach to
managing projects as a way of implementing change. ...
Projects in the area of Information Technology (IT) can also be added to the three
categories cited above. When you compare these project areas with what happens in
a conventional education organisation, it will be clear that DE organisations tend to
be different in the sense that they are project driven.
Now, let’s set another milestone. Let us suppose you work for the Swaziland
Emlalatini Centre for Distance Education, the Lesotho Distance Teaching Centre, the
Tanzania Institute of Adult Education, or any institution in SADC, respond to this
We would like to thank Penelope Woolf (then at Pitman Publishing) for starting
us off on this project and for her support in the early stages, and Sadie
McClelland for taking over this task at a later stage and being unfailingly supportive
and helpful, and remaining cheerful at all times. We must also thank
Linda Saddington and Moira Dearden, who inestimably facilitated the production
of this book.
Enterprise project office (EPO) is essentially a support for investment governance and has
a strong demand-side role in ensuring the organisation’s investment decision-making will deliver the
greatest benefit from the resources available. This includes involvement in organisation strategy
development and project and programme identification as well as business cases for investment,
resource planning and allocation. It should be able to optimise the allocation of resources to match
business priorities, by having complete information on all projects – current and planned.
Will your project lead to materials production or a
publication? If so, you need to get an estimate from the
printers or the organisation producing the materials.
Don’t forget the costs of distributing the materials if
this is part of your aims. CD-ROMs are often
cheaper than print nowadays. Do you have access to the computers and other hardware
you need for the project? Some publicly funded project
sources will contribute to buying what you need.