The Charity Commission is the independent regulator of charities in England and Wales. Its aim is to provide the best
possible regulation of charities in England and Wales in order to increase charities’ effectiveness and public confidence
and trust. Most charities must register with the Commission, although some special types of charity do not have to
register. There are some 180,000 registered charities in England and Wales. In Scotland the framework is different,
and the Commission does not regulate Scottish charities.
Marketing and advertising play a significant role in setting norms and encouraging behaviors,
especially for children. Annually, children view tens of thousands of television commercials and
see hundreds of billboard and poster advertisements; the majority of these commercials
promote food products. As a result, children view multiple food advertisements every day, with
the heaviest food advertising for the least nutritious foods and beverages.
This study forms part of a longitudinal study (the main
study) on a population consisting of institutionalised peo-
ple aged 52–102 living in the Province of Granada, Spain.
Data was collected from April 2009 to September 2010.
The main study’s inclusion criteria were to have at least
three natural teeth and/or to wear dentures. 369 residents
were examined at baseline. During the 12-month follow-
up period 102 participants were retired from the study, 66
because they died and 36 because of other causes.
Newspaper headlines underscore the challenges that the health professions
face in this period of dramatic change in the American health care enterprise:
critical shortages of nurses and other health professionals, tight budgets and rising
health care costs, increasing public concern about patient safety and medical
errors, and rising criticism of the quality of care that Americans receive, to name
a few. Indeed, the health professions and health care industry are fighting to
retain the public’s confidence that the U.S. health care system can continue to be
the world’s best....
Until now little had been known about the global reach of the financial sector—the
extent of financial inclusion and the degree to which such groups as the poor,
women, and youth are excluded from formal financial systems. Systematic indica-
tors of the use of different financial services had been lacking for most economies.
The Global Financial Inclusion (Global Findex) database provides such indicators.
This paper considers the potentially negative impacts of an increasing
deployment of non-congestion-controlled best-effort
traffic on the Internet.1 These negative impacts range from
extreme unfairness against competing TCP traffic to the potential
for congestion collapse. To promote the inclusion of
end-to-end congestion control in the design of future protocols
using best-effort traffic, we argue that router mechanisms are
needed to identify and restrict the bandwidth of selected highbandwidth
best-effort flows in times of congestion.
Some of the key components of content development are the collection, localisation and
preservation of content to be disseminated. Anything that helps reduce the price of recording media for
content creators and distributors can help promote the recording and dissemination of local content. Some
countries have chosen to impose levies on blank media (e.g. CD’s and DVDs) as a way to help compensate
artists for illegal copying of their work.
The quality of dialogue with partner countries
(government and civil society representatives) is a key
to establishing effective development cooperation
policies and to their successful implementation.
Partnership, ownership of development processes
by the target population, and strengthening of
institutional and administrative capacity to effectively
manage change, are principles which are now largely
shared by all donors.
Two issues are given emphasis in the EC’s develop-
ment policy in this regard, namely:
Role of civil society.
One of the daunting challenges facing South Africa in the contemporary period is that of achieving social cohesion. Educational institutions should be at the cutting edge of the project to weave a common identity whilst promoting respect for difference. It was this challenge that motivated us to convene colloquia in 2003 and 2006 to discuss the current state of school desegregation and innovative ways to forge ahead in the complex processes of dismantling the legacies of the past and creating inclusive paradigms for our classrooms....
Social inclusion and social support are recognised as
key social determinants of health17. The Heart
Foundation has found strong and consistent evidence
that people who are socially isolated or lacking quality
social support are more likely to develop coronary heart
disease, and that social support and social isolation can
affect the recovery and future health of people who
already have heart disease21. Evidence also shows a
strong link between social capital, sense of community
belonging, community participation, a culture of
cooperation and tolerance, and positive mental health2.
The clinical interface of orthodontics and paediatric dentistry is
broad. Increasingly, for the undergraduate, teaching and
examinations in these specialties are combined to promote a
holistic approach to dental care for the child and adolescent patient.
This concise colour guide aims, therefore, to cover major clinical
aspects of orthodontic and paediatric dental practice in a format
suitable for quick reference and revision purposes.
Constitutionalism is sweeping the world. Since 1990, at least 110 countries
around the globe have been engaged in writing new constitutions or major
revisions of old ones.1 In many of these countries, issues of gender equality
have been a central concern in the constitutional process. Women have been
active participants in these constitutional projects, and they have worked for
the inclusion of a broad range of constitutional provisions and mechanisms to
promote gender equality
The International Association for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Allied
Professions (IACAPAP) is a global non-governmental organization (NGO),
established 75 years ago, with a purpose to advocate for the promotion of mental
health and development of children and adolescents through policy, practice and
research. IACAPAP and its affiliated organizations worldwide are a resource
to countries considering policy development and program implementation.
IACAPAP has an active, easily accessible web-based presence.
The project is of two year’s duration and is supported by
the Leonardo programme, an EU education programme. The project
is a cooperation between France, Spain, Estonia, the UK and
The aim of the project is to make teaching with animation an
integrated part of the European school system along with the more
traditional ways of teaching. The inclusion of animation will provide
more variety in the teaching methods and in that way promote
different types of learning.
From the early days of the ENHPS, countries were provided with a set of criteria
they could use to develop their national networks of health-promoting schools
(Barnekow Rasmussen et al., 1999). These criteria proved to be a very useful
starting-point for the development of national programmes, which would all
adhere to a broad concept of health but also allow the inclusion of necessary
national and regional specificities.
The new strategy of ENHPS includes also the idea of a perspective change of the health promoting
school network into a health promoting school movement. This idea, however, cannot be put into
practice in the Czech Republic before the health promoting school model programme is tested and
revised by its authors. Another reason why this idea is premature is the fact that the health
promoting school model programme has not yet gained all the necessary conditions to function
within the educational system.
Guangdong, a province of over 93 million residents, is located on the southern coast of China, boarding with Hong Kong, China. As China'Ź"s powerhouse for economic growth and a pioneer of reform and opening up, Guangdong has maintained an annual average GDP growth rate of 13.7 percent over the past three decades. Its historical achievements notwithstanding, Guangdong witnessed increased inequality and regional disparity.