Shortage of manually labeled data is an obstacle to supervised relation extraction methods. In this paper we investigate a graph based semi-supervised learning algorithm, a label propagation (LP) algorithm, for relation extraction. It represents labeled and unlabeled examples and their distances as the nodes and the weights of edges of a graph, and tries to obtain a labeling function to satisfy two constraints: 1) it should be ﬁxed on the labeled nodes, 2) it should be smooth on the whole graph. ...
Prospect of the early grafting techique on hevea rubber propagation helps you know early grafting technique can become a alternative method in order to produce clonal planting material of Hevea rubber; production process of eraly grafting technique can be corried out in shorter time and lower cost than conventional budding technique, there were some constraints to implement the ecnique (retardation of initial growth, leaf and stem diseases) that must be finded their solution.
Bootstrapping a classiﬁer from a small set of seed rules can be viewed as the propagation of labels between examples via features shared between them. This paper introduces a novel variant of the Yarowsky algorithm based on this view. It is a bootstrapping learning method which uses a graph propagation algorithm with a well deﬁned objective function.
Many events in news articles don’t include time arguments. This paper describes two methods, one based on rules and the other based on statistical learning, to predict the unknown time argument for an event by the propagation from its related events. The results are promising – the rule based approach was able to correctly predict 74% of the unknown event time arguments with 70% precision.
Shortage of manually sense-tagged data is an obstacle to supervised word sense disambiguation methods. In this paper we investigate a label propagation based semisupervised learning algorithm for WSD, which combines labeled and unlabeled data in learning process to fully realize a global consistency assumption: similar examples should have similar labels.
We studied theoretically and experimentally the transformation, attenuation, and setup due to shoaling and breaking of internal waves in a two-layer fluid system on a uniform slope. An image processing technique was used to illustrate 2D instantaneous displacements of density interface. These results were compared with the calculated values by using the method of characteristics, the simple shoaling model with energy dissipation, and the momentum balance equation based on a radiation stress concept.
Wave propagation in solids has been widely studied and principal advances in this field have been achieved not only for the improvements of calculus methods, but also for the high progresses attained in the description of new types of materials. This book presents innovative and original research studies describing some enhancement in both directions.
In the recent decades, there has been a growing interest in micro- and nanotechnology. The advances in nanotechnology give rise to new applications and new types of materials with unique electromagnetic and mechanical properties. This book is devoted to the modern methods in electrodynamics and acoustics, which have been developed to describe wave propagation in these modern materials and nanodevices.
However, the concepts proposed here do not limit the origin of the initiating PAs; these
might have alternative origins, such as Purkinje fibers (Dosdall et al., 2007). The tunnel
hypothesis is independent of the origin of wavefronts that propagate through it.
The increase in isoelectric window after high strength shock can also be explained by the
prolongation of the epicardial refractoriness (surface polarization), resulting in the longer
Chapter 1 is for readers who have less background in partial differential equations (PDEs).
It contains materials which will be useful in understanding some of the jargon related to the
rest of the chapters in this book. A discussion about the classification of the PDEs is
presented. Here, we outline the major analytical methods. Later in the chapter, we introduce
the most important numerical techniques, namely the finite difference method and finite
element method. In the last section we briefly introduce the level set method.
Our primary objective herein is not to determine how approximate calculations introduce
errors into situations with accurate hypotheses, but instead to study how rigorous
calculations transmit errors due to inaccurate parameters or hypotheses. Unlike quantities
represented by entire numbers, the continuous quantities generated from physics,
economics or engineering sciences, as represented by one or several real numbers, are
compromised by errors.
The book collects original and innovative research studies of the experienced and actively working scientists in the field of wave propagation which produced new methods in this area of research and obtained new and important results. Every chapter of this book is the result of the authors achieved in the particular field of research. The themes of the studies vary from investigation on modern applications such as metamaterials, photonic crystals and nanofocusing of light to the traditional engineering applications of electrodynamics such as antennas, waveguides and radar investigations....
These guidelines are based on two performance evaluation CARD Project 032/05 "sustainability and profitability of acacia plantations for sawlog production in Vietnam".
• Evaluation of genetic resources and ACACIA propagation method supports sawlog production in Vietnam (November 2006)
• The effect of management practices and forest site productivity short-rotation plantation Acacia in Vietnam - a Review (January 200
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Research Article An Entropy-Based Propagation Speed Estimation Method for Near-Field Subsurface Radar Imaging
Special and general relativity are the theories describing the physics of space
and time. Space and time are explored with clocks and electromagnetic signals.
Therefore, special and general relativity are related to precise clocks and the
thorough understanding of signal propagation. The ever-increasing accuracy
of clocks together with novel methods for precision time transfer and clock
synchronization are pivotal for the new generation of experiments probing the
validity of Einstein’s theories from subatomic distances to cosmic scales....
The first is Faraday’s law of induction, the second is Amp`ere’s law as amended by
Maxwell to include the displacement current ∂D/∂t, the third and fourth are Gauss’ laws
for the electric and magnetic fields.
The displacement current term ∂D/∂t in Amp`ere’s law is essential in predicting the
existence of propagating electromagnetic waves. Its role in establishing charge conservation
is discussed in Sec. 1.7.
Eqs. (1.1.1) are in SI units.
this current publication is dedicated to the work of those who have employed the
methodologies espoused by Caviness. It is meant to address all whose critical methods
have been denigrated, whose contributions, when theoretically grounded, have been
refused for publication, or whose critical insights have been expunged by editors, peer
reviewers, and publishers. For obvious reasons this remains a virtual community, whose
members remain unaware of each other, but it may be cultivated as a conscious epistemic
community whose members seek support from one another.
As a consequence of the increasing importance of tritium resulting
from nuclear fission and neutron activation, from its use in accelerators,
from its use in research and industry, and from its use in the
investigation of the environment and its distribution in the environment,
the NCRP designated a scientific committee to prepare a report
on the currently acceptable methods of measuring tritium. This
report is particularly aimed in assisting an individual to select a
procedure suitable to the problem at hand....
A numerical model using the 1D shallow water equations was developed for the simulation of long wave propagation and runup. The developed model is based on the Finite Volume Method (FVM) with an application of Godunov - type scheme of second order of accuracy. The model uses the HLL approximate Riemann solver for the determination of numerical fluxes at cell interfaces. The model was applied to the simulation of long wave propagation and runup on a plane beach and simulated results were compared with the published experimental data. The comparison shows that the present model has a power...