We introduce a novel semi-automated metric, MEANT, that assesses translation utility by matching semantic role fillers, producing scores that correlate with human judgment as well as HTER but at much lower labor cost. As machine translation systems improve in lexical choice and fluency, the shortcomings of widespread n-gram based, fluency-oriented MT evaluation metrics such as BLEU, which fail to properly evaluate adequacy, become more apparent.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài:The effect of antimicrobial resistance on patient outcomes: importance of proper evaluation of appropriate therapy...
Conventional project evaluation tends to exaggerate highway expansion economic
benefits by ignoring induced travel effects (Hodge, Weisbrod and Hart 2003; Litman
2007a). Urban traffic congestion tends to maintain equilibrium; it gets bad enough to
discourage further growth in peak-period vehicle trips.
Dependency parsing is a central NLP task. In this paper we show that the common evaluation for unsupervised dependency parsing is highly sensitive to problematic annotations. We show that for three leading unsupervised parsers (Klein and Manning, 2004; Cohen and Smith, 2009; Spitkovsky et al., 2010a), a small set of parameters can be found whose modiﬁcation yields a signiﬁcant improvement in standard evaluation measures. These parameters correspond to local cases where no linguistic consensus exists as to the proper gold annotation. ...
Existing evaluation metrics for machine translation lack crucial robustness: their correlations with human quality judgments vary considerably across languages and genres. We believe that the main reason is their inability to properly capture meaning: A good translation candidate means the same thing as the reference translation, regardless of formulation. We propose a metric that evaluates MT output based on a rich set of features motivated by textual entailment, such as lexical-semantic (in-)compatibility and argument structure overlap.
This document will assist organizations in implementing a media sanitization program with
proper and applicable techniques and controls for sanitization and disposal decisions,
considering the security categorization of the associated system’s confidentiality.
The objective of this special publication is to assist with decision making when media require
disposal, reuse, or will be leaving the effective control of an organization.
Risk management is a topic on the agenda of an increasing number of organizations
around the world for the last 20 years or so. In fact, due to the large number of
corporate scandals, risk management has become central in the boardrooms of large
enterprises around the world as some stock exchanges in fact demand risk
management in the corporate governance work. Despite this, we have a financial crisis
that abundantly illustrated that risks were not properly understood – also in
corporations that supposedly were conducting risk management....
Doctoral students have often requested concrete examples and guidelines from us. On the
other hand, many guidebooks are at a more general level than the requested instruction.
Ideally, adequate guidance would be conducted by a supervising professor, or a research
group, but this is not always the case. This guidebook attempts to provide tangible tips
that have been identified as beneficial for writing articles. Once someone tries to
concretise the process of writing they are also easier to criticise.
Bearings (both plain and rolling element) are used as important supporting elements for locating rotating components and confining their motion in desired direction. In order to ensure their operational reliability and desired life, these need to be properly designed/selected for an application more so because of ever increasing operational speeds. This requires the careful performance evaluation of different types of bearings considering aspects such as thermal stability, lubrication, contaminants in lubricants and controlling mechanism etc....
Recently, reflecting the growing needs of young people who intend to become more
competent in the English language and plan to go abroad for study and work, not only
universities but also more high schools in Japan have started to conduct preparation courses
for English proficiency tests such as TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) and
TOEIC (Test of English for International Communication), in addition to ordinary English
The Volcker Rule prohibitions come into effect on July
21, 2012, regardless of whether the regulations are ﬁ nal-
ized by that point.
37 Banking entities have a further pe-
riod of two years from the effective date to comply with
the Volcker Rule.
Our paper proceeds as follows. Section 2 reviews our data, and describes the economic state
variables and risk factors used in the study. Section 3 reviews the investor types considered in
our study, and provides details on the methodology. Section 4 presents the main empirical results,
while Section 5 conducts an attribution analysis and Section 6 provides robustness results. Finally,
Section 7 concludes. Details on data sources, variable construction, and additional robustness
results are provided in a series of appendices available from the web....
techniques allow manipulation of parameters defining the state of the animal and, if properly evaluated against in vivo observations, can be appropriate to study the response of the animal when one factor is varied and controlled without the interaction of other related factors, which could conceal the main effect...
However, we believe that NOP officials need to further improve program administration and strengthen their management controls to ensure more effective enforcement of program requirements when serious violations, including operations that market product as organic while under suspension, are found. In addition, they need to strengthen their oversight of certifying agents and organic operations to ensure that organic products are consistently and uniformly meeting NOP standards.
These qualifications are designed for learners who are employed in senior
administrative positions. They would probably be responsible for supervising
staff, and for implementing and monitoring systems and services. Learners
are required to take mandatory units which cover working in a business
environment managing own performance as well as areas such as
communicating, supporting sustainability and managing risk.
On schemes involving different types of engineering, design may be let out
in separate ‘packages’ to different specialist consultants. For instance the design
of an industrial estate may be packaged into – roads and drainage; water
supply and sewerage; power supplies, and landscaping. For large schemes
the promoter may appoint an overall consultant with wide experience to
co-ordinate the inputs of the specialist design consultants.
In developing its own QMP, the Design-Builder is encouraged to follow the organization and
format of this QMP Outline. The Design-Builder may elect to use all or part of the QMP
Outline. When using the QMP Outline, the Design-Builder shall make changes to section
headings and text as needed to meet project-specific requirements and the Design-Builder’s own
quality approach. The QMP Outline is provided for informational purposes only.
This book brings together two of the important intellectual or theoretical
issues of concern to students of comparative constitutional law as it has developed
in the United States over the past decade.
n recent years, formal mentoring programs have become increas-ingly recognized as an organizational best practice. Mentoring pro-grams help organizations develop leaders, retain diverse and skilled
employees, and enhance succession planning. Executed properly,
such programs can be used to give organizations a competitive edge
in the escalating “war for talent.