Property calculations

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  • The dramatic expansion of intellectual property rights represents a new stage in commodification that threatens to make virtually everything bad about capitalism even worse. Stronger intellectual property rights will reinforce class differences, undermine science and technology, speed up the corporatization of the university, inundate society in legal disputes, and reduce personal freedoms. We have no precise measure of the extent of intellectual property, but a rough calculation by Marjorie Kelly suggests the magnitude of intellectual property rights.

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  • This book addresses several aspects of the law and economics of intellectual property rights (IPRs) that have been underanalyzed in the existing literature. It begins with a brief overview of patents, trade secrets, copyrights, and trade- marks, and the enforcement and licensing of IPRs, focusing on the remedies available for infringement (injunctions, various forms of damages, and dam- ages calculation issues); the standard of care (strict liability versus an intent- or negligence-based standard); and the rules for determining standing to sue and joinder of defendant for IPR violations.

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  • Our main contribution is to study a variable, international soccer results, that has particu- larly attractive properties as a measure of mood. While extensive psychological evidence, which we review below, shows that sports in general have a significant effect on mood, TV viewing figures, media coverage, and merchandise sales suggest that soccer in particular is of “national interest” in many of the countries we study. 1 It is hard to imagine other regular events that produce such substantial and correlated mood swings in a large proportion of a country’s pop- ulation.

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  • The characteristic data, economic figures, general assessments and indications concerning all the properties are not guaranteed and cannot be used for calculations, computations or other operations to determine design, cost-effectiveness or profitability. Readers must verify the technical data and economic figures with their own suppliers of raw materials or parts, and other current technical and economic sources. Prototypes and tests under operating conditions are essential.

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  • PIPING AND FLUID FLOW PRESSURE SURGE IN FLUID PIPING SYSTEMS 8.2 Pressure Surge in a Piping System From Rapid Valve Closure 8.2 Piping Pressure Surge with Different Material and Fluid 8.5 Pressure Surge in Piping System with Compound Pipeline 8.6 PIPE PROPERTIES, FLOW RATE, AND PRESSURE DROP 8.8 Quick Calculation of Flow Rate and Pressure Drop in Piping Systems

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  • This volume aims to provide the fundamental knowledge to appreciate the advantages of the J-matrix method and to encourage its use and further development. The J-matrix method is an algebraic method of quantum scattering with substantial success in atomic and nuclear physics. The accuracy and convergence property of the method compares favourably with other successful scattering calculation methods. Despite its thirty-year long history new applications are being found for the J-matrix method.

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  • Sulfur is the element with the largest number of solid allotropes. Most of these consist of unbranched cyclic molecules with ring sizes ranging from 6 to 20. In addition, polymeric allotropes are known which are believed to consist of chains in a random coil or helical conformation. Furthermore, several high-pressure allotropes have been characterized. In this chapter the preparation, crystal structures, physical properties and analysis of these allotropes are discussed.

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  • Although there is plenty of literature on destination planning and development of facilities (Inskeep, 1991 and 1994; Pearce, 1989; Gunn, 1994; Davidson and Maitland, 1997), there are few textbooks examining destination marketing (Heath and Wall, 1992; Goodall and Ashworth, 1988) and even fewer illustrate destinations as an experience-provider for tourists and locals (Ryan, 1997 and 1991a). This is also reflected in the academic literature published in journals and other scientific publications.

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  • In [27], we introduced Floer homology theories HF − (Y, s), HF ∞ (Y, s), HF (Y, s),and HFred (Y, s) associated to closed, oriented three-manifolds Y equipped with a Spinc structures s ∈ Spinc (Y ). In the present paper, we give calculations and study the properties of these invariants. The calculations suggest a conjectured relationship with Seiberg-Witten theory.

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  • It was definitely a capital-K Knock, the kind of knock they Foley in for police flicks, with a lot of ominous reverb that cuts off sharply, whang, whang, whang. The thunder of authority on two legs. It even penetrated my headphones, shook all the way down to my balls with the premonition of something awful about to come.

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  • Because an interest rate swap is just a series of cash flows occurring at known future dates, it can be valued by sim ply summing the present value of each of these cash flows. In order to calculate the present value of each cash flow, it is necessary to first estimate the correct discount factor (df) for each period (t) on which a cash flow occurs. Dis count factors are derived from investors’ perceptions of in terest rates in the future and are calculated using forward rates such as LIBOR. The following formula calculates a theoretical rate (known as the “Swap Rate”) for...

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  • We study weekly portfolio returns from 23 developed markets. We choose to study returns at a weekly frequency to avoid the problems caused by nonsyn- chronous trading around the world at higher frequencies. All returns are U.S. dollar denominated, and we calculate excess returns by subtracting the U.S. weekly T-bill rate, which is obtained from the Center for Research in Security Prices (CRSP) riskfree file. 1 Our selection of developed countries matches the countries currently in the Morgan Stanley Developed Country Index. Data for the United States are from Compustat and CRSP.

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  • Analytical expressions for the Morse potential parameters of diamond crystals have been derived. They contain the energy of sublimation, the compressibility and the lattice constant. Numerical calculations have been carried out for Si and Sn, and the results reflect fundamental properties of this potential. The obtained Morse potential parameters have been used for calculation of the anharmonic correlated effective potentials of these crystals in XAFS theory showing clearly anharmonic effects . ...

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  • the prevalence of HiV/aiDS among pregnant women is 0.9% (i.e. low for the region). Whilst 57% and 71% of women and men respectively have ever heard about aiDS, knowledge of prevention of transmission through the use of condoms was very low. there are currently no national guidelines for Prevention of Mother to child transmission (PMtct) or Highly active antiretroviral therapy (Haart). coverage for PMtct is accordingly very low: only 11 pregnant women living with HiV received PMtct services in 2007, an estimated coverage of 1% (11/940 women).

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  • Recent reviews have addressed issues of cigarette smoke exposure and various facets of reproduction including delayed time to conception, ovarian effects and premature menopause, implantation failure, fetal growth restriction and growth retardation, placental abnormalities, reduced fecundity, congenital abnormalities, and effects on male reproduction [32-34]. However, most prior reviews have not considered smoke's interaction with the oviduct, an organ vital to reproduction.

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  • The number of certified organic farms in Canada has also been on the rise, increasing 60% between 2001 and 2006. In 2006, there were about 3,500 certified organic farms, representing 1.5% of all farms in Canada [6]. Nearly half (45%) of these farms are situated in the Prairie Provinces, with Saskatchewan accounting for about one-third of the nationwide total. Like their conventional counterparts, most (95%) organic producers on the Prairies are engaged in the production of hay or field crops, primarily wheat and barley, but also including a variety of other grains, pulses....

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  • Our sample consists of records of actual borrowers, some of whom repaid their personal loans substantially as scheduled and some of whom did not. Since these borrowers had al- ready passed through a selection process at the hands of credit men, the sample cannot be considered completely rep- resentative of the general run of personal loan applicants. The results may suffice to show whether or not credit men should have been more selective than they were, but they do not indicate whether they should have been less selective.

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  • The 3¢-processing of viral DNA extremities is the first step in the integra-tion process catalysed by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 integrase (IN). This reaction is relatively inefficient and processed DNAs are usually detectedin vitro under conditions of excess enzyme. Despite such experi-mental conditions, steady-state Michaelis–Menten formalism is often applied to calculate characteristic equilibrium⁄kinetic constants of IN.

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  • But now we can argue that to make a found art object out of a landscape is to abstract from what it ecologically is. The ecological processes are not just at the pull-over sights; they are pervasively present on the landscape. They are back home on the landscapes left behind. This organic unity in a landscape is not gained by treating it as beautiful scenery, though it might be found if one discovered its ecology. A British visitor to the Rocky Mountains, despite the fact that his Denver hosts had urged him, 'You'll love the Rockies', complained that there were...

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  • Then again, morality begins at home. Just as the post-war German soldier was taught to obey inner fruehling, his own internal morality which must justify his disobeying manifestly illegal orders, any politician needs her own moral compass. Faced by the trap, the answer must be no. Shake the head, not the tempter’s hand. Nevertheless, power sharing inevitably involves trust, even in dangerous precincts. Dieter Gerhard, the spy in the Apartheid navy, 25 taught the present writer while in prison: “Trust your granny, after she is dead. Trust no-one else.

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