Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Research Article AWPP: A New Scheme for Wireless Access Control Proportional to Trafﬁc Priority and Rate
Buy this book if you are a healthcare professional and you want some guidance in understanding the
clinical research literature. It is designed to help you with reading research papers, by explaining their
structure and the vocabulary they use. These essential first steps will make interpretation of clinical
research that much easier for you. For example, the book will help with questions like:
Thai mutual funds industry has grown drastically with compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of
16.97% during 2006 to 2010. Fixed income funds play an important role determining industry growth
as proportion of asset under management of fixed income funds to total asset under management was
approximately 72% in 2010. Among fixed income fund product, deposit substitute product or MMF
takes the largest proportion of total asset under management of fixed income funds. Equity mutual fund
growth was driven by large flow of investment from LTF and RMF due to tax incentive.
The rate of technological progress is encouraging increasingly sophisticated lines of
enquiry in cognitive neuroscience and shows no sign of slowing down in the
foreseeable future. Nevertheless, it is unlikely that even the strongest advocates of the
cognitive neuroscience approach would maintain that advances in cognitive theory
have kept in step with methods-based developments. There are several candidate
reasons for the failure of neuroimaging studies to convincingly resolve many of the
most important theoretical debates in the literature.
The final risk-sharing component of the SRA is the “net book quota share,” defined as the
proportion of a company’s overall gain or loss over its entire “book of business” that is ceded to
the government after all other reinsurance provisions in the SRA have been applied. Under the
SRA, companies must cede a 6.5% share of their cumulative underwriting gains/losses to the
government. During years in which there are underwriting gains, 1.5% of this share is distributed
back to companies that sell and service policyholders in 17 underserved states.
The current nutritional and health profiles of the Mexican population reflect notable failures
in the field of social policies. Protein-energy malnutrition and infectious diseases are still
relevant public health matters among poor rural and urban populations, and they remain
common causes of death during infancy and childhood, and even later in life.
The rate of endogenous protein breakdown (catabolism) to supply energy needs normally falls during uncomplicated energy deprivation. After about 10 days of total starvation, the unstressed individual loses about 12–18 g/d protein (equivalent to approximately 2 oz of muscle tissue or 2–3 g of nitrogen).
State and local governments finance public services primarily through taxes. Nationally,
the two biggest taxes are the property and sales tax, which generate more than two-
thirds of all state and local tax revenue.
Because states rely most on sales and property taxes, and because these taxes place
higher effective rates on low- and middle-income households (who spend a greater
share of their incomes on housing and purchasing necessities than the wealthy), state
and local tax systems are regressive. In Rhode Island, the lowest twenty percent of
households pay 11.
Expenditure on R&D is low by OECD standards. Business R&D (BERD) is particularly low but
is growing faster than the OECD mean. However, as a proportion of total industry value added,
New Zealand small ﬁ rms undertake more BERD than small ﬁ rms in most other OECD countries.
International patenting rates are also well below the OECD mean and are not growing.
New Zealand has a relatively large proportion of R&D personnel in its workforce but they are
concentrated in the higher education sector and government.
The inverse relationship between coupon rate and price sensitivity results from the distribution of
cash flows. Compared to a lower coupon bond, more of the total cash flow of a high coupon
security will come from interest payments. Interest payments are received throughout the life of
the bond, which means that, relative to a lower coupon bond, a higher coupon bond will have a
higher proportion of its cash flow returned sooner. The earlier the cash flow occurs, the less
price sensitive its cash flow is.
As discussed above, longer maturity cash...
Indeed, the major complaint about the rating agencies during this era was not
that they were too compliant to issuers’ wishes but that they were too tough and
too powerful. This view was epitomized by the New York Times columnist Thomas L.
Friedman’s remarks in a PBS “News Hour” interview on February 13, 1996: “There
are two superpowers in the world today in my opinion. There’s the United States, and
there’s Moody’s Bond Rating Service. The United States can destroy you by dropping
bombs, and Moody’s can destroy you by downgrading your bonds.
High skill and talent levels are crucial for economic success. The skill levels of both the current
overall workforce and people entering the workforce from the education system are important.
Management and leadership skills impact substantially on organisational performance. According
to the Management Matters study, management practices in New Zealand manufacturing rank
10th of 14 OECD countries covered. People management is particularly weak.
A skilled and educated workforce is also important.
Investment-grade bonds are issued by well-regarded companies
and rated as desirable investments.To be considered investment-
grade, a bond must be rated BBB or better by Standard & Poor’s,
or Baa or better by Moody’s. Corporate bonds with a lower rating
or no rating are sometimes called high-yield bonds because of the
higher interest rates they must pay to attract investors.They are
also sometimes referred to as “junk bonds” because the issuers are
believed more likely to default—that is, to fail to make full interest
and principal payments as scheduled....
Adverse selection arises from different borrowers having different probabilities
of repayment. Therefore, to maximise expected return, the bank would like to only
lend to borrowers with a high probability of repayment. In order to determine who
the good borrowers are, the bank can use the interest rate as a screening device.
Unfortunately those who are willing to pay high interest rates may be bad borrowers
because they perceive their probability of repayment to be low.
This print-based, self-study course provides public health and other healthcare professionals with basic epidemiology principles, concepts, and procedures used in the surveillance and investigation of health-related events. This resource contains key features and applications of descriptive and analytic epidemiology, an in-depth study of public health surveillance, and a step-by-step description of outbreak investigations.
Nutritional deficiencies during pregnancy usually lead to intrauterine growth retardation,
which is one of the main causes of foetal and infant undernutrition in developing countries.
Every year, 30 million newborns, or 23% of 126 million births per year, are affected by
intrauterine growth retardation; by contrast, in developed countries the rate is only about 2%
(World Health Organization 2000a).
Industrial Biotechnology is an interdisciplinary topic to which
tools of modern biotechnology are applied for finding proper
proportion of raw mix of chemicals, determination of set points,
finding the flow rates etc., This study is significant as it results
in better economy, quality product and control of pollution. The
authors in this book have given only methods of industrial
biotechnology mainly to help researchers, students and chemical
engineers. Since biotechnology concerns practical and diverse
applications including production of new drugs, clearing up
To quantify the impact of luck on mutual fund performance, we use the False Discovery
Rate (F DR) introduced by Benjamini and Hochberg (1995) in the statistical
literature. The F DR measures the proportion of lucky funds among the funds with significant
estimated alphas. We extend this methodology by developing a new approach
which allows us to separately compute the F DR among funds with significant positive
estimated alphas (called hereafter the best funds) and funds with significant negative
estimated alphas (called hereafter the worst funds)....
On broader measures of innovation, New Zealand ﬁ rms have higher rates of marketing
and product innovation, but relatively lower rates of process and organisational innovation.
New Zealand businesses focus their innovation mainly on production for the domestic market
rather than international markets, and innovation for international markets is low relative to
ﬁ rms in the EU. The share of medium-high and high-tech products in exports is low, and the
sophistication of New Zealand’s exports overall is consistent with its per capita income.
Our study shows that, in spite of a gradual decrease, the
incidence rates of pulmonary tuberculosis in immigrants
remain high even a decade after immigration. The persistent
high incidence rates are consistent with results of previous
studies (2–5). Our study combines data on all
immigrant patients in whom tuberculosis was detected and
all legal immigrants present in a 5-year period in a low
incidence country, enabling detailed analysis with a long
We did not find a steep decline in incidence rates after