Protecting investors

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  • Doing Business 2011 : Making a Difference for Entrepreneurs is the eighth in a series of annual reports investigating regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. Doing Business presents quantitative indicators on business regulations and the protection of property rights that can be compared across 183 economies, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, over time.

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  • Doing Business 2010: Reforming Through Difficult Times is the seventh in a series of annual reports investigating regulations that enhance business activity and those that constrain it. Doing Business presents quantitative indicators on business regulations and the protection of property rights that can be compared across 183 economies, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, over time.

    pdf79p vigro23 28-08-2012 33 4   Download

  • Assume, for a moment, that the necessary tools are available to induce or even force states to comply with international law. In such a state of affairs, how strongly should international law be protected? More specifically, how easy should it be to change international law? Should treaties be specifically performed or should states be given an opportunity to “pay their way out”? In the event of states violating their commitments, what kind of back-up enforcement or sanctions should be imposed?...

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  • Trading the stock futures markets is more complex than most traders realize.Tranding is a vast pespecitve made up of chart interpretation, entry methods, protective stops, money management, diversification, and psychology. Each of these subjects requires the sevelopment of a perspective.

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  • The past year has been good for doing business in 58 of the 145 Doing Business sample countries. They simplified some aspect of business regulations, strengthened property rights or made it easier for businesses to raise financing. Slovakia was the leading reformer: introducing flexible working hours, easing the hiring of first-time workers, opening a private credit registry, cutting the time to start a business in half and, thanks to a new collateral law, reducing the time to recover debt by three-quarters. Colombia was the runner-up.

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  • The SEC established these requirements to protect the average investor from some of the worst and most risky investments in the world. The problem is, these investor requirements also shield the average investor from some of the best investments in the world, which is one reason why rich dad’s advice to the average investor was, “Don’t be average.”

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  • Chapter 7 TREASURY INFLATION-INDEXED SECURITIES. Abstract In January 1997, the U.S. Treasury began to issue inflation-indexed securities (TIIS). The new Treasury security protects investors from inflation by linking the principal and coupon payments to the Consumer Price Index (CPI).

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  • Performance evaluation measures the skill of an asset manager and its principal idea is to compare the returns with an alternative appropriate portfolio to that which was obtained in a particular case. The emergence of modern portfolio theory (MPT) by Markowitz (1952), who quantifies how rational investors make decisions based on expected return and risk, has brought much development to portfolio performance measurement.

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  • At the end of the 1980s, more than 1,000 savings & loan institutions in the United States were threatened by insolvency due to financing with divergent maturity dates in connection with high interest rates for depositors but comparatively low rates on mortgage lending. 11 In 1989, the Resolution Trust Corporation (RTC) – a bad bank – was founded. The RTC was set up with government funding and to a limited extent with money from private investors. Between 1989 and 1995, the RTC took over 747 bankrupt S&Ls with a book value of 394 billion dollars. The S&L bailout cost US taxpayers...

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  • Microfinance institutions have been affected by the adverse macro-economic conditions during the global financial and economic crisis, generally through significantly higher bad debt rates among their clients and in some cases through increased difficulties in accessing external sources of funding.

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  • It is interesting to consider why a sponsor chooses to support a MMMF even though it is not contractually required to do so. Fund sponsors may be concerned about their reputation in the market place, loss of cross-selling opportunities, or the cost of potential investor lawsuits. 21 We posit that fund sponsors may also choose to provide support because they initially underestimate the amount of support necessary to fully alleviate financial concerns in the funds. While the entirety of support is costly, the incremental cost at each point may appear worthwhile. ...

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  • In Section 4, we discuss a developing literature using cross- country research designs to examine links between financial sector development and economic outcomes. Within-country research holds most institutional features of a country fixed, precluding investigation of interactions across institutions.

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  • It is typical that when one has made a decision, one wonders what its consequences will be. Therefore, once an investor has given money to a fund manager to invest on his/her behalf, he/she should have the right to know what sort of performance they have obtained. Does the fund manager offer superior or inferior performance? How does the fund manager perform compared to peers? And what sort of strategy is used?

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  • Another aspect which impacts the operation of the AMCs is the increased level of regulatory disclosure requirements. Over the years, the information and data disclosures required from AMCs and schemes have increased steadily. Operating teams are required to make multiple disclosures at regular intervals, which in turn increase compliance costs.

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  • Mutual funds are not covered by the Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Autorité des marchés financiers’ fonds d’assurance-dépôts (Québec) or other deposit insurance. However, there are some safeguards in place to help protect investors. For example, a mutual fund’s assets must be held separately by a third party called a custodian. This is usually a chartered bank or trust company. Also, an independent auditor reviews and reports on the fund’s financial statements each year.

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  • The investors issue various types of funds and more than 60% of investment focuses are in Islamic, Bond/ Income, Equities and Aggressive/ Growth. The investors’ overall perception towards LPTs and investment strategies on LPTs are shown in Table 1 below. 85% of investors (18 respondents) have neutral perception of LPTs, out of which 52% may consider but 33% of investors will not invest in LPTs in future. Only 5% of investors have previously invested in LPT but is not seeking for further investment. In summary, the study tends to agree with Shun (2004) that...

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  • With an indexed bond, the interest and maturity value are adjusted by the rate of inflation over the life of the bond. Because the cash flow of an indexed bond is adjusted for inflation, the bond’s real value does not vary with inflation, protecting investors and issuers alike from inflation risk. Inflation indexed bonds would be a fundamental innovation in U.S. financial markets, providing benefits to investors, the Treasury, and policymakers. Despite the potential benefits, the U.S. Treasury has never issued indexed bonds.

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  • Chapter 4 When people begin to share the same beliefs about a particular style of investing, a herding effect can occur in the markets. At first, a small crowd starts moving into one segment of the market and, as it moves, prices rise, which causes other investors to be attracted and Wall Street analysts to start commenting.

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  • Securities regulators oversee Canada’s capital markets and the advisers who sell and manage securities traded in those markets. We strive to protect investors from unfair, improper and fraudulent practices while fostering a fair and efficient marketplace. You can contact your local securities regulator listed on page 20 to check the registration of an individual or firm, and to find out if they have been involved in any disciplinary actions.

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  • The past ten years are witness to many changes in line with this objective. Trading and settlement procedures have been improved. New instruments have been introduced. Disclosure levels have been enhanced. Measures to protect investors’ interest and educate them have been initiated at least on paper. A code of corporate governance has been put in place. Steps were initiated to change the organisational structure of the stock exchanges.

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