Airborne instruments designed for remote sensing of the surface of the Earth and
its atmosphere are important sources of information regarding the processes occurring
on Earth. This information is used widely in the fields of meteorology, geography,
geology, and oceanology, among other branches of the sciences.
A compilation of the most important aerosol chemical processes involved in known scientific and technological disciplines, Aerosol Chemical Processes in the Environment serves as a handbook for aerosol chemistry. Aerosol science is interdisciplinary, interfacing with many environmental, biological and technological research fields. Aerosols and aerosol research play an important role in both basic and applied scientific and technological fields. Interdisciplinary cooperation is useful and necessary.
There are two main reasons why the chemical process industry should be motivated
to reduce energy consumption and CO 2 emissions: rising concerns in companies,
the public and scientifi c community about climate change or global
warming, and the increasing fraction of energy in manufacturing costs.
‘ Climate change ’  in this context, means a change of climate, which is attributed
directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the
global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed
over comparable time periods....
Statistical models are empirical. Although they are derived from observations, the
relationship described must have a basis in our underlying understanding of processes
if we are to have faith in the predictive capabilities of the model (National
Research Council 2000).
Concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) are part of a recent agricultural trend toward
large-scale, corporate-owned and managed livestock production. A far cry from the traditional
family farm, CAFOs have lowered prices and increased production—but at a cost. While some of
the problems CAFOs can cause are economic and related to small farm and farming community
culture, or societal with a focus of the animal rights activism groups, other problems are ecological
and environmental and will only be solved by intelligently crafted and enforced legislation....
See what's new in the Second Edition: · Number of species included is increased from 6300 to over 8700, about 85% of the world's birds · Better data for many of the species included in the first edition - an exhaustive compilation of new data published from 1992 through 2007 · More comprehensive coverage of Latin America, Japan, Taiwan, Southeast Asia, and more coverage of research published in non-English language journals In 1992 the CRC Handbook of Avian Body Massesbroke new ground by providing a compilation of body masses for 6300 species, about two-thirds of the world's species.
This work inevitably sprang out of our environmental biotechnology modules at
the University of Durham, but it is not intended to be just another ‘book of the
course’. Though it is clearly rooted in these origins, it reflects our wider, and
rather varied, experiences of the field. In many respects, we have been fortunate;
teaching has undoubtedly drawn on the ‘theory’, while our own consultancy has
tended to focus us on the ‘application’.
A newcomer to the scene, aerobic granulation is on its way to becoming the hot new technology for high-efficiency wastewater treatment. Thus far, intensive research has been conducted with regard to the understanding of the mechanism of aerobic granulation in sequencing batch reactors (SBR) and its application in treating a wide variety of municipal and industrial wastewater. This basic research has promoted the technology from laboratory-study all the way to the present pilot- and full-scale application.
The specific problems associated with concrete and concreting in hot
environments have been recognised for some decades. This recognition has
manifested itself over the years at a few symposia and in hundreds of papers
where relevant research results and field observations were presented and
discussed. In other publications the practical conclusions from these available
data and experiences have been summarised in the form of guidelines for hot
Contaminated bottom sediments and their negative impacts on water quality are a major problem in surface waters throughout the United States as well as in many other parts of the world. Even after elimination of the primary contaminant sources, these bottom sediments will be a main source of contaminants for many years to come. In order to determine environmentally-effective and cost-effective remedial actions, the transport and fate of these sediments and associated contaminants must be understood and quantified.
Technological innovation prompted by the need to satisfy the changing needs
of society, ever more effi ciently and economically, involves complex interactions
between three basic systems: the production system, the economic
system, and the ecosystem
Private landowners or Federal Agencies responsible for cleaning up radiological environments are faced with the challenge of clearly defining the nature and extent of radiological contamination, implementing remedial alternatives, then statistically verifying that cleanup objectives have been met.
Honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) are the main pollinating agents for numerous
plants and fruit trees and, hence, play a key role in agriculture and
more generally in the maintenance of ecological biodiversity. Although
these social insects are not the targets of all the different agrochemical
treatments used in crop protection, they are widely affected by pesticides.
Marine birds are equally at home on land, in the air, and in the water. While many organisms can
go from land to water (amphibians, some reptiles, some insects), others generally live in only one
medium during their lives. Marine birds switch from one to the other, often daily. Such flexibility
requires unique physiological and morphological adaptations to the environment, a medium that
has also exerted selective forces on the behavior, ecology, and demography of these birds.
With the evaluation method is scientific and has been tested as: methods speculation, rapid assessment methods, research methods analyze the physical environment (water, air), statistical methods,comparison methods, ... to make reliable assessments as a basis for consultation measures to reduce environmental pollution both during construction and operation of the project.
Monitoring the environment for metals has become a topic of considerable importance, not only to
those industries emitting heavy metals but also to surveillance agencies and other organizations assessing
the impact of metals on the environment. Our goal is to provide a comprehensive and easyto-
read text for anyone working in the environmental analytical chemistry arena and to provide
essential information to consultants and regulators about analytical and quality control procedures
helpful in their evaluation and decision-making procedures.
Judicious treatment of environmental questions and challenges requires an integrated, crossdisciplinary
approach. Whether working at a local, national, regional, or global scale, the knowledge
and expertise resident in a variety of subject areas comes to bear on all questions of
sustainable development. Soil scientists now collaborate with colleagues in many Þelds, and a
basic working knowledge
As a wetland of international importance located in China, the Poyang Lake Basin's incredible topographical and biological diversity has provided a congregating point for scientists from around the world to engage in cross-disciplinary research. In particular, the International Conference on Poyang Lake Complex Environment System was instrumental in bringing together scholars from China, North America, and Europe to explore the latest innovations in water resource science and watershed management.
The environment is key to sustaining human economic activity and well-being, for
without a healthy environment, human quality of life is reduced. Most people
would agree that there are also many reasons to protect the environment for its own
inherent worth, and especially to leave a legacy of fully functioning natural
resources. Sustainable land management refers to the activities of humans and
implies that activity will continue in perpetuity. It is a term that attempts to balance
the often conflicting ideals of economic growth and maintaining environmental
quality and viability....