An Empirical Investigation of International Consumer Market Segmentation Decisions They may also be more effective at exerting voice to manage agent
behavior, even without the exit option that school choice policies provide (Hirschman,
1970). Finally, student composition may operate as an employment amenity for teachers and
administrators, reducing the salaries that the school must pay and increasing the quality of
teachers that can be hired for any fixed salary (Antos and Rosen, 1975).
The price premium charged for competitive-market products depends on several factors
including the price of standard offer or default service, the availability of incentives to green
power marketers or suppliers, and the cost of renewable energy generation available in the
regional market. Some marketers have charged prices close to or even below the default market
price in recent years (e.g., in Texas); others have offered fixed-price products, providing
customers with protection against increasing prices for a specified period of time, usually one
The writing of second language learners of English often presents problems that are
different from those found in the writing of native English speaking students. These
include culturally conditioned rhetorical patterns that sound ‘strange’ to the native
speaker ear as well as unfamiliar grammatical errors that are simply not found in
native speaker writing.
Particularly for rented apartments, key control by apartment management is an
important issue. Large jury awards have been made to victims of crimes in
apartments because of negligent key control and use of a master key.
A resident gives up some rights when they move into a multi-residential property. In
most cases, the resident, per written agreement, cannot add or replace the lock on
their door unless management is given an extra key. By doing this, the management
assumes the responsibility of and legal liability for key control.
The current RSS polling mechanism has been said to
scale well because “its cost is almost directly propor-
tional to the number of subscribers” . In fact, linear
cost is typically an indicator of poor scaling properties,
especially when that cost is focused on one member of a
distributed system. It is likely that the further growth of
RSS adoption will be badly stunted, without substantial
change to the way micronews is distributed.
Institutions and individuals involved in human subjects research may establish financial
relationships related to or separate from particular research projects. Those financial
relationships may create financial interests of monetary value, such as payments for services,
equity interests, or intellectual property rights. A financial interest related to a research study
may be a conflicting financial interest. The Department recognizes that some conflicting
financial interests in research may affect the rights and welfare of human subjects.
E-commerce provides immense capability for connectivity through buying and selling activities all over the world. During the last two decades new concepts of business have evolved due to popularity of the Internet, providing new business opportunities for commercial organisations and they are being further influenced by user activities of newer applications of the Internet. Business transactions are made possible through a combination of secure data processing, networking technologies and interactivity functions....
Fedwire securities are processed individually, in much the same way that
Fedwire funds transfers are processed, and participants initiate securi-
ties transfers in the same manner, using either a computer connection or
the telephone. When the Federal Reserve receives a request to transfer a
security, for example as a result of the sale of securities, it determines that
the security is held in safekeeping for the institution requesting the transfer
and withdraws the security from the institution’s safekeeping account.
The internationalization of financial services¾ eliminating discrimination in the treatment between
foreign and domestic financial services providers and removing barriers to the cross-border
provision of financial services¾ is of global interest, but of special interest to Asia. Most of Asia limits entry of foreign financial firms much more than otherwise comparable countries. Empirical evidence for Asia¾ and other countries¾ suggests that this leads to slower institutional
development and more costly financial services provision.
This study analyzes and provides empirical tests of early warning indicators
of banking and currency crises in emerging economies. The aim is
to identify key empirical regularities in the run-up to banking and currency
crises that would enable officials and private market participants
to recognize vulnerability to financial crises at an earlier stage. This, in
turn, should make it easier to motivate the corrective policy actions that
would prevent such crises from actually taking place.
Previous research provides evidence for a conceptual distinction between self-assessed and objective knowledge, and relatively little is known about the relationship between knowledge and information search. The current research provides empirical evidence for differentiating the two knowledge types. Furthermore, it suggests that the relative effects of the two types of knowledge on pre-purchase information search depend on the type of information source.
This paper focuses on developing an empirical strategy for measuring the effect of pollution on
health. Specifically, I look at the effect of air pollution on children's hospitalization for asthma. Childhood
asthma is of particular interest for two reasons: 1) asthma is the leading chronic condition affecting children;
and 2) current pollution standards are based on adult health responses to pollution and children face a greater
risk from pollution exposure due to the sensitivity of their developing biological systems.
This study builds on earlier work in five ways.
This dissertation provides empirical evidence on the market reaction to earnings warnings and management’s motivation to issue earnings warnings. Earnings warnings are any earnings-related management voluntary disclosures made prior to the earnings announcement date.1 Firms use earnings warnings to provide timely information to their shareholders and investors as well as financial analysts regarding their expected current period performance prior to the earnings announcement date (Ip , McLean  and Stone ).
Thus, the study of mutual funds in emerging markets is overdue for those who need a
fuller understanding of their investment conditions. In addition, this would allow an out-of-
sample test to challenge existing asset pricing models and lead to the development of new
This study seeks to shed light on mutual fund investment in emerging markets and
specifically focuses on three issues: performance, determinants of performance and the role
of liquidity on performance and performance measure.
This book distils years of work on the mobile telecommunications industry.
I became interested in this industry for professional reasons during the
mid-1990s, a period when the industry was making the jump from a
premium service industry for mostly professional users to a truly mass
market. In my capacity as an applied industrial organisation economist, I
had the unique opportunity of evaluating the business plans and strategies
of a large number of mobile telecommunications firms inside and outside
This book provides the state of the art of the investigation and the in-depth analysis of hydraulic conductivity from the theoretical to semi-empirical models perspective as well as policy development associated with management of land resources emanating from drainage-problem soils. A group of international experts contributed to the development of this book. It is envisaged that this thought provoking book will excite and appeal to academics, engineers, researchers and University students who seek to explore the breadth and in-depth knowledge about hydraulic conductivity....
In French-speaking African countries reproductive health services for men, including access
to condoms and vasectomy services, and access to services for disease prevention and treat-
ment, have been handicapped by unavailability, lack of information, cultural obstacles, and
poor quality of services. Many of the obstacles that stand in the way of delivering more and
better health care to women and children affect men as well. In addition, the notion that
family planning has little to do with men has limited men’s access to services.
This Handbook of Police Administration, co-edited by Jim Ruiz and Don Hummer,
provides a smorgasbord of topics that are at the coalface of policing: the difficulties
police encounter dealing with drug problems, traffic issues, race and ethnicity challenges,
and street gang problems. Cross-cutting themes such as leadership in policing,
use of force, and understanding how the law shapes (or fails to shape) police
practice are relevant to students of police studies, practitioners, and scholars alike.
To get interested consumers to your website, the site needs to be visible to surfers
using Google. Why is Google so important? The research firm Hitwise which measures
Web audiences, estimates that Google has 72% of the US search engine market,
versus 17.9 % for Yahoo. Microsoft’s two search services, MSN and Live.com,
constitute a distant third, at a combined 5.4 percent. Many website owners who track
where their visitors come from report that Google’s search engine now refers 80 to 90%
of their visitors.
For optimal results on Google you will want...
A well-resourced support structure was established to administer the
programme. facilitate dialoguc, hold confidential data securely, and provide
data analysis. Members provided data for the anonymous databases about their
practices and about specific project results, and tirst-hand case studies for
discussion at workshops. They discovered, shared and created both tacit and
explicit knowledge through the fomial programme and through informal
Secondly, the thinking of practitioners, theorists and researchers was