The APA (American Psychological Association) Style of referencing is an author-date system. There have been several editions of the Publication Manual, the aim of which is to aid authors in the preparation of manuscripts. Always follow information given to you by your lecturer regarding referencing.
The Psychologist’s Companion is intended for students as well as young professionals
and writers at all stages of their careers seeking inspiration and guidelines
for better scientific writing. This book is also a resource for researchers
in related fields.
Psychology at the beginning of the twenty-“rst century has
become a highly diverse “eld of scienti“c study and applied
technology. Psychologists commonly regard their discipline
as the science of behavior, and the American Psychological
Association has formally designated 2000 to 2010 as the
•Decade of Behavior.ŽThe pursuits of behavioral scientists
range from the natural sciences to the social sciences and embrace
a wide variety of objects of investigation.
Tham khảo sách 'mental mechanisms philosophical perspectives on cognitive neuroscience lawrence erlbaum associates', khoa học xã hội, tâm lý học phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả
From its inception as a brief journal article in 1929, the Publication Manual of
the American Psychological Association has been designed to advance scholarship
by setting sound and rigorous standards for scientific communication. The
creators of the 1929 manuscript included psychologists, anthropologists, and business
managers who convened under the sponsorship of the National Research Council.
They sought to establish a simple set of procedures, or style rules, that would codify
the many components of scientific writing to increase the ease of reading comprehension.
This volume contains edited versions of papers that were presented at the 2001
Advertising and Consumer Psychology Conference in Seattle, Washington. This
annual conference was sponsored by the Society for Consumer Psychology (Division
23 of the American Psychological Association) with sponsorship assistance
from Accenture Institute for Strategic Change.
A comparative study of HIV associated
pulmonary tuberculosis (HIV-PTB) was
carried out in Chest Clinics situated in Benin
and Irrua environs of Edo State, Nigeria,
using microscopical and serological
methods. In Irrua environs, HIV-PTB coinfection
is higher in females (12.5%) than in
males (9.2%) but not statistically significant
(P 0.05). In Benin, HIV-PTB is also higher
in females (11.3%) than in males (7.2%) but
not statistically significant (P 0.05). In
Benin, PTB is statistically high among 0.05)....
Based on the Sixth Ed. of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. Created Nov 10, 2009. A RUNNING HEAD OR SHORT TITLE IS PROVIDED IN ALL CAPS FOR EACH PAGE OF THE PAPER Each page is numbered starting with the title page.
WRITING RESEARCH PAPERS
The recommended typeface is Times New Roman with a 12 point font size.
The manuscript title is centered and positioned in the upper half of the page. It should be no longer than 12 words.
A Guide for Writing APA Style Research Papers Susan B. Smith
Author’s name: first, middle initial, last.
The small world experiment comprised several experiments conducted by Stanley Milgram and other researchers examining the average path length for social networks of people in the United States. The research was groundbreaking in that it suggested that human society is a small world type network characterized by short path lengths. The experiments are often associated with the phrase "six degrees of separation", although Milgram did not use this term himself.
This book is not a traditional style manual that prescribes mechanical
details such as the forms for levels of headings, typing requirements, and so on. A
number of excellent style manuals, including the Publication Manual of the
American Psychological Association, already cover these matters . Neither will you
find here a discussion of the mechanics of standard English usage; it is assumed
that you have already mastered these. Finally, it is also assumed that you have
already selected an important research topic, applied sound research methods, and
analyzed the data.
My first experience in ethics came when I was a graduate student in
psychology in the late 1960s. I was working with a profoundly developmentally
disabled young man who was confined to a heavy metal crib
in the small ward of a private institution in Phoenix, Arizona. Blind,
deaf, nonambulatory, and not toilet trained, my “subject” engaged in
self-injurious behavior virtually all day long.
As a long-standing advocate for understanding issues of cultural and ethnic
diversity, I have served as President of APA Division 45, Society for the
Psychological Study of Ethnic Minority Issues, and currently chair the
American Psychological Association’s Commission for the Recruitment,
Retention and Training of Ethnic Minorities implementation task force
(CEMRRAT2). Both of these organizations were instrumental in the approval
of the APA Multicultural Guidelines for Practice and the promotion of empirical
research addressing mental health issues of ethnic minority clinical populations.
The preparation of human
karyotype for the first time in 1959 led to the identification of numerical aberrations in
the following years associated with Down’s, Turner and Klinefelter syndromes which
implied the need for routine screening for chromosomal anomalies in certain clinical
One morning, long ago, John woke up and decided he wanted to write a book on theories
and techniques in counseling and psychotherapy. He thought, “Of all the classes I
teach, I love teaching theories and techniques best, so I should write a textbook.”
John then began using a cognitive self-instructional problem-solving strategy (see
Chapter 8). He identified the problems associated with existing theories and techniques
textbooks and formulated possible solutions.
However, more recent studies have put in
doubt the true role of PSA velocity, the European Randomized Study of Screening for
Prostate Cancer demonstrated that increased PSA velocity was not associated with
increased cancer risk, but was associated with higher grade cancers, defined as ≥ stage T1c
and/or a Gleason score ≥7 (Roobol, 2006a).
This book has an aim to present latest applications, trends and developments of virtual reality technologies in three humanities disciplines: in medicine, psychology and pedagogy. Studies show that people in both educational as well as in the medical therapeutic range expect more and more that modern media are included in the corresponding demand and supply structures. For the Internet and various mobile media, associated research and application projects now have fixed key words such as "E-learning" and "E-Mental Health" or "M-Learning", "M-Mental Health"....
For investments to provide local benefits, mechanisms need to be in place
ensuring technical and economic viability, consistency with local land use plans
and taxation regimes, and transfers of assets from nonviable projects. This
should also include the scope for investment and associated land governance
issues in countries’ broader development strategies that identify areas or crops
where investment can provide the highest benefits based on agro-ecological
endowments and existing land use intensity.
This Handbook has been designed to assist students as well as professionals in the
behavioral and biological sciences to understand and apply the principles and methods
of experimental research. The Handbook is comprehensive but is written in a concise,
outline format. This allows a considerable amount of material to be presented in an explicit,
compact form that facilitates the perception and understanding of the hierarchical and
parallel relationships among concepts. As a result, learning, retrieving, and applying the
information should be greatly enhanced....
My favorite was torn from page 34 ofmy hometown paper, the
The story involved an incident that occurred afew years ago in the village ofSt. Brides, in South Wales. Accordingto the Associated Press, a mob ofvigilantes attacked and vandalizedthe ofﬁce ofa prominent children’s doctor there.