Psychological processes

Xem 1-20 trên 124 kết quả Psychological processes
  • Most people take the process of coping for granted as they go about their daily activities. In many ways, coping is like breathing, an automatic process requiring no apparent effort. However, when people face truly threatening events--what psychologists call stressors--they become acutely aware of the coping process and respond by consciously applying their day-to-day coping skills. Coping is a fundamental psychological process, and people's skills are commensurately sophisticated. This volume builds on people's strengths and emphasizes their role as positive copers.

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  • When one thinks of police and police psychology, one might assume that the practice of police psychology has been around almost as long as the profes- sion, which dates back some 200 years, but police psychology is a relatively new specialty, which falls under the umbrella of forensic psychology. Al- though the profession of policing dates back to the early 1800s, it wasn’t until 1908 that it began developing standards and training for police recruits. h e fi rst such professional training program was established by August Vollmer in Berkeley, California.

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  • Organizations are complex social systems that sometimes perform remarkably well and sometimes fail miserably. Organizational psychology is a subfield within the larger domain of industrial/organizational psychology that seeks to facilitate a greater understanding of social processes in organizations. Organizational psychologists also seek to use these insights to enhance the effectiveness of organizations—a goal that is potentially beneficial to all. This book is designed to provide students with a thorough overview of both the science and the practice of organizational psychology.

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  • This invaluable new resource presents a state-of-the-art account of the psychology of pain from leading researchers. It features contributions from clinical, social, and biopsychological perspectives, the latest theories of pain, as well as basic processes and applied issues. The book opens with an introduction to the history of pain theory and the epidemiology of pain. It then explores theoretical work, including the gate control theory/neuromatrix model, as well as biopsychosocial, cognitive/behavioral, and psychodynamic perspectives.

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  • Implementation planning must identify who is accountable for the realisation of benefits – particularly if the stakeholders concerned are external to departments or agencies. You are encouraged to consult the relevant policy area of PM&C in developing your approach to this. Be mindful that the milestones, tracked through the CIU reporting process, will focus on outcomes and benefits, such as the expected impacts or level of user take-up, as well as the development of products, services and programmes and their roll-out.

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  • What is counselling psychology? This is a frequent question, both from those who are seeking to understand the work of counselling psychologists and at times from counselling psychologists themselves. In the course of undertaking and working on this project we have had many long conversations in which we sometimes could answer this question and at other times became confused or unconfident. This left us curious about the links between our experience and the field itself.

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  • The chapters that follow offer fi rst-person accounts of the career journeys of 13 distinguished social psychologists. The authors describe their personal career journeys, the signifi cant people and events that infl uenced their paths, the major turning points, the main decisions, the challenges, the opportunities and setbacks they experienced, and how the lessons they learned along the way may shine a beacon for future social psychologists. Taken together, these chapters chronicle the history of modern social psychology.

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  • With these three fundamental propositions as postulates, it will be the end and aim of this Course of Reading to develop plain, simple and specific methods and directions for the most efficient use of the mind in the attainment of practical ends. To comprehend these mental methods and to make use of them in business affairs you must thoroughly understand the two fundamental processes of the mind.

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  • One of the benefits of applying to clinical and counseling psychology programs is that you earn the right to commiserate about it afterwards. It was a night of anecdotes and complaints (while doing laundry) that led us to review our travails and compare notes on the difficulties we each experienced during the admission process. We emerged from three diverse backgrounds: one of us (T.J.M.) graduated from a large state university, took time off, and then entered a doctoral program; one of us (M.A.S.

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  • Many applications of natural language processing technologies involve analyzing texts that concern the psychological states and processes of people, including their beliefs, goals, predictions, explanations, and plans. In this paper, we describe our efforts to create a robust, large-scale lexical-semantic resource for the recognition and classification of expressions of commonsense psychology in English Text.

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  • The practice of medicine has a long tradition of making a diagnosis by building up a composite picture of the symptoms and their history, a clinical examination and specialist investigations. A diagnosis enables the course of the disease to be predicted and the appropriate treatment used.However, scientific developments in genetics, by allowing us to detect specific abnormalities in chromosomes and in individual genes, are beginning to throw light on the mechanisms involved at a biochemical and molecular level.

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  • Process is linear in t h e n u m b e r o f e l e m e n z s in ~he input message, i.e. the realization decision for each element is m a d e only once and m a y not be revised. The representation for pending realization decisions and planned linguistic actions (the results of earlier decisions) is a surface-level syntactic phrase structure augmented by explicit labelings for its constituent positions (hereafter referred to as the tree).3 This working-structure is used simultaniously for control (determining w h a t action to take next)....

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  • One reason for the wide variety of views on many subjects in computational linguistics (such as parsing) is the diversity of objectives which lead people to do research in this area. Some researchers are motivated primarily by potential applications - the development of natural language interfaces for computer systems. Others are primarily concerned with the psychological processes which underlie human language, and view the computer as a tool for modeling and thus improving our understanding of these processes. ...

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  • 4 Perspectives on Consumer Behavior McGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2004 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., All Rights Reserved. .Consumer Behavior The process and activities people engage in when searching for, selecting, purchasing, using, evaluating, and disposing of products and services so as to satisfy their needs and wants. .The Consumer Decision Process Problem Recognition Problem Recognition Information Search Information Search Alternative Evaluation Alternative Evaluation Purchase Decision Purchase Decision Postpurchase Evaluation Postpurchase Evaluation .

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  • You Are Being Lied To. It takes some nerve to give a book that title, eh? It came to me very early in the process, when this collection was just a germ of an idea. I did pause to wonder if it was too audacious; after all, I didn’t want my mouth to write a check that my butt couldn’t cash. But after spending several intense months assembling this book, I’m more convinced than ever that the title is the proper one. We are being lied to.

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  • Business is the economic mode of operation conditions exist in the economy of goods, including the overall methods, forms and means by which economic agents to make use of its economic activity (including the process of investment, production, transportation, trade, services ...) on the basis of value rules apply along with other rules, in order to achieve the highest capital profitability.

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  • Human development has different meanings depending on the area we will focus on. It is the ontogenetic process of individual development for psychologists. It considers systematic psychological changes in several areas, such as motor, cognitive, emotional, social, that occur in human beings over the course of their life span. To sociologists and economists, among others, human development is the consideration of the macrolevel countries or regions and their development conditions related to human needs.

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  • Nature compels us all to move through life. We could not remain stationary however much we wished. Every right-thinking person wants not merely to move through life like a sound-producing, perambulating plant, but to develop – to improve – and to continue the development mentally to the close of physical life. This development can occur only through the improvement of the quality of individual thought and the ideals, actions and conditions that arise as a consequence. Hence a study of the creative processes of thought and how to apply them is of supreme importance to each one of us.

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  • An application for employment, job application, or application form (often simply called an application) is a form or collection of forms that an individual seeking employment, called an applicant, must fill out as part of the process of informing an employer of the applicant's availability and desire to be employed, and persuading the employer to offer the applicant employment.

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  • Besides these, "Imagine the psychological impact upon a foe when encountering squads of seemingly invincible warriors protected by armor and endowed with superhuman capabilities, such as the ability to leap over 20-foot walls, " said Ned Thomas, the director of Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies (ISN) (Wakefield, 2002). Another use of exoskeletons is that they could help integrate women into combat situations.

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