More than an accidental injury, more than a serious illness, more than a
natural disaster, the trauma of crime victimization goes beyond physical and
psychological injury: It robs us of the very faith we have in the human world.
Although eclipsed in recent headlines by terrorism, the common everyday
violations of civilized behavior that our own citizens continue to perpetrate
on one another are no less wrenching.
The second chapter case study by Rosso et al. presents a medical survey that tests
professional drivers for the presence of various psychoactive substances. Positives
were identified by using a commercially available immunoassay rapid kit test which
indicates consumption of psychoactive drugs. This is of interest and important since
the dependence on drugs may pose a risk to drivers in their profession affecting their
reaction time and driving judgment. This is one of the first and important
contributions to the literature in this area.
Chemical precipitation and complexation are primarily important for the inorganic species.
The formation of coordination complexes is typical behaviour of transition metals, which
provide the cation or central atom. Ligands include common inorganic anions such as Cl
as well as organic molecules such as amino acids. Such
complexation may facilitate the transport of metals.
Biodegradation is a reaction process mediated by microbial activity (a biotic reaction).
Depending on their structures, polyphenols (e.g. tea polyphenols) could also act by chelating
prooxidant transition metal ions such as Fe2+, which are involved in reactions eliciting free
radical production, including hydroxyl radicals (OH•) and alkoxyl radicals (RO•) (Dufresne &
From time to time, an event may need to be canceled, postponed, or interrupted. If a
crowd has already gathered, these actions have the potential to create dangerous crowd
reactions. Have plans in place to manage an angry crowd appropriately and to address the
possible readmission of patrons to the venue.
One major aspect to consider is authority to cancel or postpone an event. During the
planning phase, the promoter and the planning team must discuss who has the authority to
cancel or postpone an event as well as when and under what conditions the event...
Popular American ﬁlms penetrate nearly every aspect of contemporaryWestern life, and to
an only somewhat lesser degreemost all cultures of the world. Historically, there are powerful
sociological, cultural, economic, and even political reasons for this, but we would also argue
thatHollywood-style ﬁlmhas evolved so that ﬁlmmakers havemore control over the attention
of ﬁlmgoers (Smith 2006) and, in essence, the humanmind. One source of evidence concerns
the changing pattern of shot lengths.
An additional factor for lack of better therapeutic choices is the lack of suitable animal
models to replicate human glomerular injury in order to develop and test novel
treatment strategies. There are three detailed chapters that exemplify the recent
advances in using animal models to explore the pathogenesis of glomerulonephritis.
Immunopathogenic mechanisms in a murine model of membranous nephropathy are
discussed by Chia-Chao Wu et al., while autoimmune glomerulonephritis
complicating chronic graft versus host reaction was discussed by Elena Goiman et al....
Wise men study the sciences which deal with the origins and development of animal life, with the structure of
the cells, with the effect of various diseases upon the tissues and fluids of the body; they study the causes of
the reactions of the body cells to disease germs, and search for the origin and means of extermination of these
enemies to health. They study the laws of physical well-being. They seek for the chemical principles
governing the reactions of digestive fluids to the foods they must transform into heat and energy.
This EFM is a trained clinical psychologist who is currently applying his skills and experience to
a completely new professional field. Once focused completely on the field of clinical
psychology, he now also acts as a consultant in the Human Resources sector. He went through
this transition while living and working in Switzerland, where there was only a very small
market for clinical psychology services and a comparatively large market for Human Resource
consulting. He found his skills as a clinical psychologist could be applied very effectively within
The EU is considering a proposal to introduce filters for blocking of
child abuse websites. European Digital Rights urges the Parliament
and Council to rethink these plans. Child abuse and its portrayal on
the Internet is a terrible crime that is sometimes of a severity that is
scarcely believable. It must be treated seriously, with policies based
on evidence and effectiveness and not on politics or gut reactions.
We must avoid policies which give Member States the opportunity to
adopt cosmetic measures that we have already seen being used as a
replacement for real action.
In their conceptions and explanations of illness and in their reactions
to it, individuals and groups attempt, and expect, to be coherent.
They try to present a view which makes sense to themselves and
which is also clear to others who may find it difficult to understand
why healers, patients and other interested parties follow a particular
line of reasoning. When these arguments are seen by contemporaries
to be well founded, this can often be taken as a sign of conformity to
an acceptable form of reasoning which fits into a particular ‘cultural
Behavioral medicine has now matured as a field to the point where all recognize that different populations are presented with different issues. Psychological reactions and patterns affect the health and well-being of children, as well as adults, and numerous standardized instruments for the assessment of a variety of areas of children's functioning are currently available.
A child is not a small adult«: this important rule applies
not only to the special physiological aspects but also to the
special psychological aspects of childhood. The reactions
of young patients to surgery, anaesthetic and a stay in hospital
depend on age, personality structure, the child’s
home environment, family background, previous experience
of operations and the conditions in the hospital.
In the irst couple weeks after a mass trauma, brief versions of CBT may be helpful
to some people who are having severe distress.
Sometimes other treatments are
used, but their effectiveness is not known. For example, there is growing interest
in an approach called psychological irst aid. The goal of this approach is to make
people feel safe and secure, connect people to health care and other resources,
and reduce stress reactions.
There are guides for carrying out the treatment, but
experts do not know yet if it helps prevent or treat PTSD.