Xem 1-20 trên 31 kết quả Psychological therapy
  • Evidence-Based Counselling and Psychological Therapies assesses the impact of the international drive towards evidence-based health care on NHS policy and the provision of psychological services in the NHS. An outstanding range of contributors provides an overview of evidencebased health care and the research methods that underpin it, demonstrating its effect on policy, provision, practitioners and patients.

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  • In the opinion of Dorothea Brandt, author of the famous Becoming a Writer (1981), all writing is autobiographical in one way or another. Hence this book may be seen to represent not only something about its topic, person-centred counselling psychology, but also something about me, as its author. Certainly, the focus of the book evolved from the disparate strands of my own career, firstly as an academic psychologist, then, as a person-centred counsellor, and now as a counselling psychologist.

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  • This book is the long-anticipated sequel to the first edition of Psychological Aspects of Women’s Health Care written almost a decade ago. In this edition, the authors continue the tradition of writing and speaking plainly about the fascinating, and at times baffling, relationships between women patients and their obstetrician and gynecologist physicians. As the authors note, the field has changed dramatically since the first volume was published.

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  • would like to introduce this encyclopedia of psychology by focusing on both twenty-first century and more distant historical contexts, while additionally highlighting the scope and depth of the work of psychologists, their students, and their supporters. As reading these volumes will show, psychology is a diverse and large field. It is also a science. I remind readers that most of the research described in these volumes is completed through the silent contributions of tens of thousands of volunteers as well as nonhuman animal participants.

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  • Every clinician knows that the human relationship with the person diagnosed with a psychotic disorder and particularly schizophrenia is the cornerstone of effective therapy and the foundation for recovery. This was one of the major tenets of an earlier generation of psychotherapeutic effort in schizophrenia and related psychoses but had drifted out of focus during the 1980s with the rise of an excessively narrowbiological psychiatry and the decline of the traditional psychoanalytic approach.

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  • Chronic lung disease is a major health problem among children. Estimates suggest that one child in six has a chronic respiratory condition. This article reviews three common chronic respiratory conditions occurring in childhood for which physical therapy is usually recommended. The cause, pathophysiology, and medical treatment are explained for asthma, respiratory complications of chronic neuromuscular disease, and cystic fibrosis. The rationale for physical therapy and the concepts of treatment for the three disorders are presented.

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  • Professor Alan Carr is the director of the Doctoral training programme in clinical psychology at University College Dublin and Consultant Martial and Family Therapist at the Clanwilliam Institute for Marital and Family Therapy in Dublin. He has published over a dozen books and 200 academic papers and conference presentations in the fi elds of family therapy and clinical psychology. His work has been translated into a number of languages including Korean, Polish and Chinese.

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  • Increasing physiological and psychological impairments with age does not mean that ageing is equivalent with illness, diseases or dependency. In fact, earlier studies could not explore that a type or the pathogenesis of diseases is only caused by the ageing process (Steinhagen-Thiessen & Borchelt 1996). Brody and Schneider (1986) distinguished between age-dependent and age-related diseases. Age-dependent diseases are involved in the ageing process and cause the exponentially increasing mortality risk with advanced age, for instance heart and cerebrovascular diseases.

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  • Later elaborations on the mechanisms of repression versus dissociation posited that they corresponded to various views of the self-one that is vertically organized (such as in the case of repression) versus one that is horizontally aligned, with areas of incompatibility separated by dissociation (Mitchell & Black, 1995). Many of Janet’s ideas presented above received corroboration later from both clinical observations and neurobiological investigations and have subsequently been incorporated in contemporaneous pathogenetic models of dissociative disorders.

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  • Carl Rogers was born January 8, 1902 in Oak Park, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago, the fourth of six children. His father was a successful civil engineer and his mother was a housewife and devout Christian. His education started in the second grade, because he could already read before kindergarten. When Carl was 12, his family moved to a farm about 30 miles west of Chicago, and it was here that he was to spend his adolescence. With a strict upbringing and many chores, Carl was to become rather isolated, independent, and self-disciplined....

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  • Popular American films penetrate nearly every aspect of contemporaryWestern life, and to an only somewhat lesser degreemost all cultures of the world. Historically, there are powerful sociological, cultural, economic, and even political reasons for this, but we would also argue thatHollywood-style filmhas evolved so that filmmakers havemore control over the attention of filmgoers (Smith 2006) and, in essence, the humanmind. One source of evidence concerns the changing pattern of shot lengths.

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  • On August 21, 2012, the Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit overturned the lower court and lifted the preliminary injunction, reasoning that “Texas’s authority to directly regulate the content of its own program necessarily includes the power to limit the identifying marks that program grantees are authorized to use” and therefore, “Texas may deny WHP funds from organizations that promote elective abortions through identifying marks,” such as the Planned Parenthood name and logo.

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  • Among seniors, food choice and related activities are affected by health status, biological changes wrought by aging and functional abilities, which are mediated in the larger arena by familial, social and economic factors. Determinants of healthy eating stem from individual and collective factors. Individual components include age, sex, education, physiological and health issues, psychological attributes, lifestyle practices, and knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours, in addition to other universal dietary determinants such as income, social status and culture.

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  • One of the main tasks in the psychological individuation process is the reconciliation of opposites, especially the opposition between consciousness and the unconscious. Dreams create a bridge between these two worlds. Jung sees the dream as the steady endeavor of the unconscious to create the best possible equilibrium in the psyche. Dreams are a means to establish a homeostatic balance, or at least to show the dreamer what would be necessary to achieve this balance. Psychotherapists of many different schools use dreams in individual therapy, but very few use them in counseling couples.

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  • The reader of this book will find within it ideas and models based on my 25 years of experience in clinical, educational, developmental, and medical psychology among Arabs, Muslims, Jews, and Americans, but mainly among Palestinian Arabs. I studied for my master’s degree in clinical psychology at Haifa University in Israel, during which time I received some practical training at Jewish psychological centers in Israel. Thus both my theoretical study and practical training were based on the Western-oriented theories of psychology.

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  • This guideline has been developed to advise on the treatment and management of borderline personality disorder. The guideline recommendations have been developed by a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals, service users, a carer and guideline methodologists after careful consideration of the best available evidence.

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  • It is generally agreed that abuse of older people is either an act of commission or of omission (in which case it is usually described as ‘‘neglect’’), and that it may be either intentional or unintentional. The abuse may be of a physical nature, it may be psychological (involving emotional or verbal aggression), or it may involve financial or other material maltreatment. Regardless of the type of abuse, it will certainly result in unnecessary suffering, injury or pain, the loss or violation of human rights, and a decreased quality of life for the older person (4).

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  • There is a weak evidence base for the effectiveness of complementary therapies in terms of pain control, but they may improve wellbeing. Safety issues are also a consideration in this area. Patients with cancer pain spend most of their time in the community until their last month of life. Older patients and those in care homes in particular may have under-treated pain. Primary care teams supported by palliative care teams are best placed to initiate and manage cancer pain therapy, but education of patients, carers and healthcare professionals is essential to improve outcomes.

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  • More than 30 years ago, Aaron T. Beck (1967, 1976) emphasized the operation of cognitive schemas as the most fundamental factor in his theories of emotional disorders. Schemas, accordingly, played a principal role in the development and maintenance of psychological disorders as well as in the recurrence and relapse of episodes.

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  • The preceding overview of philosophy and psychology is intended to elaborate the observation that a large majority of the work in education and psychology views rationality and control as essential to worthwhile, learning experiences. It is important to note, however, that there are important and vibrant efforts in both psychology and education to explore beyond the realm of control and rationality. Even Deci and Ryan (year), whose work I consider to exemplify the inclination to value con- scious,...

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