Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Cost-effectiveness of pharmacological and psychosocial interventions for schizophrenia...
About four out of five people in low- and middle-income
countries who need services for mental, neurological and
substance use conditions do not receive them. Even when
available, the interventions often are neither evidence-based nor
of high quality. WHO recently launched the mental health Gap
Action Programme (mhGAP) for low- and middle-income countries
with the objective of scaling up care for mental, neurological and
substance use disorders.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Reporting clinical trials of psychosocial interventions in child and adolescent psychiatry and mental health...
Background: Depressive disorder is often chronic and recurrent, and results in a heavy psychosocial burden on the families of patients with this disorder. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of brief multifamily psychoeducation designed to alleviate their psychosocial burden. Methods: Thirty-two relatives of patients with major depressive disorder participated in an open study testing the effectiveness of brief multifamily psychoeducation. The intervention consisted of four sessions over the...
In 2002, the Human Sciences Research Council was commissioned by the WK Kellogg Foundation to develop and implement a five-year intervention project focusing on orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in southern Africa. In collaboration with several partner organizations, the project currently focuses on how children, families and communities in Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe are coping with the impact of HIV/AIDS. The aim of the project is to develop models of best practise so as to enhance and improve support structures for OVC in the southern African region as a whole....
Specifically, the report considers home-based child-centred development programmes focusing on health and nutrition; psychosocial care and management of inherited assets; interventions directed at supporting families and households to cope with the HIV/AIDS problem and interventions directed at building the capacities of communities to provide long-term care and support for children and households.
This report provides a baseline study on psychosocial support of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in two villages in Botswana and forms part of a series of reports that examine the work undertaken as part of the Kellogg OVC Intervention Project from 2002 to 2005.The general aim
Within the past year, research has confirmed that non-expert community
psychiatric nurses can safely and effectively deliver cognitive behaviour
therapy (CBT) to patients with schizophrenia and their carers (Turkington
et al., 2002). It is reasonable to expect that other disciplines within mental
health would achieve similarly encouraging results (Turkington &
Kingdon, 2000). Such interventions are greatly appreciated by patients and
carers, improve job satisfaction for the practitioner and lead to improved
insight and coping.
Attempts to meet GHGE targets from the food chain must not be made in isolation because any dietary
recommendations to reduce GHGEs must also meet dietary requirements for the health of the
population. The most recent population-based energy and nutrient requirements were published in 1991
by the Department of Health (DoH 1991), with subsequent recommendations for specific food items
such as fruit and vegetables, red and processed meat, and fish set by other organisations such as the
Food Standards Agency and the World Cancer Research Fund (FSA 2007, WCRF 2007).
We first highlight psychological and psychosocial issues associated with breast can-
cer, and then underscore specific psychosocial variables that may play a role in the dis-
ease. Further, we bring to light the current literature of psychosocial interventions for
patients with cancer. We then introduce preliminary research from an on-going study
funded by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). This is a pilot study intended to explore
psychosocial factors and quality of life, preparatory to embarking on a larger scale, long-
During the transition to adulthood, lack of knowledge and awareness about reproductive organs,
physiological changes, or sexuality can promote psychosocial stress. This is particularly so for girls, who
also face gender discrimination. Adolescent girls and boys experience psychosocial stress. A study
conducted by the State Education Resource Centre (SERC) in Uttar Pradesh established that gender
equality was unknown and adolescent girls felt that they were a burden on their families and had poorer
self-image while their counterparts felt superior.
As health education and life skills have evolved during the past decade, there is growing
recognition of and evidence for the role of psychosocial and interpersonal skills in the
development of young people, from their earliest years through childhood, adolescence,
and into young adulthood. These skills have an effect on the ability of young people to
protect themselves from health threats, build competencies to adopt positive behaviours,
and foster healthy relationships.
ctivities to promote reﬂection are now being incorporated into under-
graduate, postgraduate and continuing medical education, and across a variety of health
professions. The evidence to support and inform these curricular interventions and inno-
vations remains largely theoretical. Further, the literature is dispersed across several ﬁelds,
and it is unclear which approaches may have efﬁcacy or impact. We, therefore, designed a
literature review to evaluate the existing evidence about reﬂection and reﬂective practice
and their utility in health professional education.
Many studies have shown that education and
counseling involving the entire family structure
help to alleviate some of the negative attitudes
towards patient with epilepsy or seizure
6 Parents or a child attendants are
usually not well counseled.
We believe that counseling skills are a weak
component in managing patients in all medical
disciplines and they need to be strengthened. The
art of counseling should be dealt with earlier
particularly at medical schools.
This guideline has been developed to advise on the clinical management of and
service provision for antenatal and postnatal mental health. The guideline recommendations
have been developed after careful consideration of the best available evidence
by a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals, women who have experienced
mental health problems in the antenatal or postnatal period and guideline methodologists.
Spiegel et al. (1989) conducted a prospective intervention study of patients with
metastatic breast cancer. Findings demonstrated that a weekly support group meeting for
one year enhanced patients’ psychosocial functioning and reduced pain as compared to a
standard care treatment control group. Further, in a ten-year follow-up, the data reported
that survival was significantly different, with a mean of 36.3 months in the intervention
group compared with 18.9 months in the control group.
Another study, conducted by Fawzy and colleagues (1993) supported these findings.
Johnson (1982), randomized 52 patients with newly diagnosed or recurrent cancer to
either a psycho-educational group intervention “I Can Cope” or a control group. The
intervention group demonstrated decreased anxiety and increased perceived purpose and
meaning in life compared to the control group.
Berglund et al. (1994) performed a prospective randomized study with 98 cancer
patients who participated in a rehabilitation program focused on “starting again,” and
101 patients who served as controls.
The purpose of this essay is to show how credit markets influence
development and to argue that the impact of improvements in credit markets is
quantitatively significant. The essay first establishes the fact that access to credit is
limited, emphasizing the magnitudes. It then goes on to the potential importance of
financial sector development, again quantifying the impact. Toward the end of the
essay there is a discussion of the merits of different interventions.
Health reform also significantly expands the need for specialty treatment agencies to develop
ongoing and close relationships with primary care providers. Screening, brief intervention, and
referral to treatment (SBIRT) has been an important component in discussions about health
reform. SBIRT places early screening and brief intervention in the primary care setting where
people generally come into contact with the healthcare setting most frequently.
Expand opportunities for early identification. To help identify infants and toddlers at
risk of social, emotional and behavioral health problems and enable providers to deliver
effective interventions, policymakers can support regular developmental screenings and
early assessments at well-child pediatrician visits.