Xem 1-20 trên 393 kết quả Public companies
  • The Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) in 1992 issued Internal Control – Integrated Framework to help businesses and other entities assess and enhance their internal control systems. Since that time the Framework has been recognized by executives, board members, regulators, standard setters, professional organizations and others as an appropriate comprehensive Framework for internal control. Also, changes have taken place in the financial reporting and related legal and regulatory environments.

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  • COSO is pleased to present this guidance to assist smaller public companies in implementing the 1992 COSO Internal Control—Integrated Framework. We believe the guidance will be helpful to smaller businesses as they explore cost-benefit approaches to achieve their financial reporting objectives. This guidance contains numerous examples that have been effectively used by smaller business to address its internal control objectives. The COSO task force has considered the comment letters received during the exposure period of the preliminary guidance.

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  • Reproductive rights advocates have been put in a particularly challenging position because public debate about ART has been dominated by abortion politics. The Religious Right has succeeded in centralizing the discussion on the moral status of the embryo, obscuring a broader set of issues. Put in a defensive position, the reproductive rights movement has, until recently, not had the opportunity to grapple internally with the complexities of ART use, and has tended to fall back on traditional models of individual autonomy and choice. With increasing numbers of U.S.

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  • With the audit market concentrated among the four largest firms, concerns have been raised about the number of choices that companies have when selecting an auditor and the extent of competition in the market. In 2003, we conducted a study (mandated by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act) on consolidation that had occurred in the accounting profession. Our study followed the dissolution of one of the then-five largest accounting firms, Arthur Andersen.

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  • Many employers have tried to educate their employees to make better decisions or supplied tools to help them improve their choices. The empirical evidence does not suggest that these methods are, in and of themselves, adequate solutions to the problems. The same large employer discussed above that offered its employees the chance to switch from a defined benefit to a defined contribution plan offered its employees a financial education program free of charge. The employer measured the effectiveness of this education by administering a before-and-after test of financial literacy.

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  • The main contents of this chapter include all of the following: Value the divisions of public companies, evaluate the price paid for acquired companies, and test for the impairment of goodwill and the development of fair value estimates.

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  • Jo Chipchase has a professional background in both journalism and PR. She runs Can- U-Hack-It, a company that provides new media, editorial and PR services to a diverse range of clients; co-runs the UKPress online networking group for communication professionals (www.ukpress.org); and is editorial director of Press Dispensary (www.pressdispensary.co.uk), which offers affordable press release writing and distribution services to small businesses. She has written for numerous publications, covering topics ranging from internet to lifestyle. Jo lives and works on the south coast of England.......

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  • To explain the role of public relations, sponsorships, and corporate advertising in relationship marketing and integrated marketing communications. By integrating public relations, event sponsorships, and institutional advertising with its general advertising activities, a company can improve the overall effectiveness of its marketing efforts.

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  • Each generation has unique expectations, experiences, generational history, lifestyles, values, and demographics that influence their buying behaviors. Accordingly, many companies are reaching out to multi-generational consumers and trying to understand and gain the attention of these diverse buyers. Multi-generational marketing is the practice of appealing to the unique needs and behaviors of individuals within more than one specific generational group, with a generation being a group of individuals born and living about the same time [1].

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  • The main differences between a hedge fund and a private equity fund are: (a) the private equity fund looks to use leverage to buy companies to obtain full management control for purposes of changing its structure operations, whereas a hedge fund trades assets without looking for full control; (b) the hedge fund covers a multitude of styles, only one small part of which might involve buying shares to force management to make value enhancing changes (activist); and (c) hedge funds often (but not always) have a shorter investment horizon than private equity firms.

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  • The Project Gutenberg EBook of The business career in its public relations, by Albert Shaw This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net Title: The business career in its public relations Author: Albert Shaw Release Date: August 9, 2009

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  • India is a signatory to the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property and the Patent Co-operation Treaty, and it extends reciprocal property arrangements to all countries party to the convention. The convention makes India eligible for the Trademark Law Treaty and the Madrid Agreement on Trademarks. The country also participates in the Bern Convention on Copyrights, the Washington Treaty on Layout of Integrated Circuits, the Budapest Treaty on Deposit of Micro-organisms and the Lisbon Treaty on Geographical Indicators.

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  • It is the positive and aggressive attitude toward life, the ethics of action, rather than the ethics of negation, that must control the modern business world, and that may make our modern business man the most potent factor for good in this, his own, industrial period.

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  • One of the “Four P’s of Marketing,” promotion includes the communication messages, materials, channels, and activities that will effectively reach your audience to promote the benefits of the behavior change as well as the product, price and place features of your program. Messages may be delivered through public relations, advertising, print materials, small-group or one-on-one activities (e.g., mentoring, counseling, workshops), and other media.

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  • Although the market for small public company audits has become much less concentrated since 2002, the continuing concentration in the market for larger public companies limits these companies’ auditor choices but does not appear to have significantly affected audit fees. According to our analysis, the largest accounting firms audit 98 percent of the more than 1,500 largest public companies—those with annual revenues of more than $1 billion.

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  • Unless otherwise specified, the product manufacturer, supplier, or publisher of non-IBM products provides warranty, service, and support directly to you. IBM makes no representations or warranties regarding non-IBM products. The inclusion of an IBM or non-IBM product on an interoperability list is not a guarantee that it will work with the designated IBM storage product. In addition, not all software and hardware combinations created from compatible components will necessarily function properly together.

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  • 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey. Published simultaneously in Canada. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning, or otherwise, except as permitted under Section 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, Inc.

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  • By far the most common exemption relied upon to avoid registration under the Securities Act is the private placement exemption. Under Section 4(2) of the Securities Act, the obligation to register the offer and sale of securities does not apply to transactions by an issuer not involving a public offering. This simple concept—the private placement—has mushroomed into an entire body of law unto itself. Case after case has made its way through courts as a result of uncertainty with respect to what is meant by “not involving a public offering.

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  • Indeed, the major complaint about the rating agencies during this era was not that they were too compliant to issuers’ wishes but that they were too tough and too powerful. This view was epitomized by the New York Times columnist Thomas L. Friedman’s remarks in a PBS “News Hour” interview on February 13, 1996: “There are two superpowers in the world today in my opinion. There’s the United States, and there’s Moody’s Bond Rating Service. The United States can destroy you by dropping bombs, and Moody’s can destroy you by downgrading your bonds.

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  • Despite all that can still be said against trade practices, against the business lies that are told, the false weights and measures that are used, the trade frauds to which the public is subjected, we are nearer a high commercial standard than ever before in the world's history. Man's confidence in man is greater than ever before, the commercial loss through fraud and dishonesty is constantly diminishing and standards are slowly but surely moving upward.

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