Public medicine

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  • To write a global history of medicine in Scotland is virtually impossible.

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  • The World Health Organization extends its appreciation of the generous support provided by the Government of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg for the development and publication of these guidelines.

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  • Principles of Patient Care Evidence-Based Medicine Evidence-based medicine refers to the concept that clinical decisions are formally supported by data, preferably data that are derived from prospectively designed, randomized, controlled clinical trials. This is in sharp contrast to anecdotal experience, which may often be biased. Unless they are attuned to the importance of using larger, more objective studies for making decisions, even the most experienced physicians can be influenced by recent encounters with selected patients.

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  • In many parts of the world, where medicines are not readily available or affordable, the public continue to rely on medicines used traditionally in their cultures. At the same time, affluent consumers in the industrialized world are spending their own money on healthcare approaches that fall outside what has been considered mainstream medicine. A growing body of national and international studies highlight the reality that there is exponential growth of global interest in and use of traditional (i.e. indigenous), complementary and alternative medicine (TCAM).

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  • The use of complementary medicine has mushroomed over the last decade. Along with the increased popularity there’s been an increase in the number of practitioners who practise complementary therapies either as their primary discipline or as a ‘complement’ to their own discipline, such as nursing or medicine. With an increasing acceptance by the public and by mainstream healthcare professionals, practitioners of complementary medicine are being asked to provide evidence of the effectiveness and safety of their therapies.

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  • There have been several significant advances innuclearmedicine since the publication of the second edition of Practical NuclearMedicine. The last seven years have seen great strides in instrumentation, including new coincidence detectors, the development of a wider variety of crystals, and the advent of combined anatomical/functional imaging devices, including PET/CT and SPECT/CT. PET imaging with 18F-FDG has become a mainstay of many clinical settings, and other radiotracers are finding theirway into the rapidly expanding field of oncologic PET.

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  • The use of non-biomedical therapeutics and the management of cancer are high profile issues in health internationally. They both generate, in their own right, considerable debate amongst academics, practitioners and the wider public. Increasingly, as non-biomedical approaches have become more and more a feature of the range of therapeutic options available to cancer patients, the two have become inextricably linked. This book is concerned with that increasingly evident combination.

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  • Conclusion: Toward a Science of Implementation Public-health strategies draw largely on quantitative methods—from epidemiology and biostatistics, but also from economics. Clinical practice, including internal medicine, draws on a rapidly expanding knowledge base but remains focused on individual patient care; clinical interventions are rarely population-based. In fact, neither public-health nor clinical approaches alone will prove adequate in addressing the problems of global health.

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  • .ANIMALS, DISEASE AND HUMAN SOCIETY In recent years, the issue of animal disease has seldom been out of the headlines. The emergence of BSE and the threat of food-borne infections such as E.coli and salmonella have focused public attention on the impact of animal disease on human society. However, the problem of animal disease is far from new. Animals, Disease and Human Society explores the history and nature of our dependency on other animals and the implications of this for human and animal health.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'public health – methodology, environmental and systems issues edited by jay maddock', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • The rise of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) – a whole array of practices, products and approaches to health and illness1 – can certainly no longer be characterised as cultural fad or fashion. Changes in the use of titles (from ‘unscientific’ and ‘marginal’ to ‘complementary’ and ‘integrative’) reflect a more substantive relocation and transformation of many of these medicines from the fringe to the mainstream of both community and professional health-care discourse and practice (Tovey et al. 2004).

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  • A career in veterinary medicine offers opportunities in a wide variety of professional areas, including public health, care of companion and food animals, government service, research, and many others. A large percentage of veterinarians also work in private clinical practice. No matter what area of expertise, however, the link that bonds all veterinarians is their ability and aptitude for problem solving and the fact that they all thoroughly enjoy doing it. Veterinarians want to know why.

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  • This series of books flows from workshops bringing public and international lawyers and public and international policy makers together for interdisciplinary discussion on selected topics and themes. It aims to broaden both public and international laws’ understanding of how these two areas intersect. Until now, international and public law have mainly overlapped in discussions on how international law is implemented domestically. This series is unique in consciously bringing together public and international lawyers to consider and engage in each other’sscholarship....

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  • Few members of the general public are fully aware of the extent to which the atomic age affects their everyday lives. For many, bombs and power plants are their only associations with the term. The uses and benefits of radioactive isotopes in medicine, agriculture, industry, and science are widespread, however, allowing us to perform many tasks more accurately, more simply, less expensively, and more quickly than would otherwise be possible. In many cases, biological tracers for example, there is no alternative.

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  • In 1970, Henry L. Nadler and Albert B. Gerbie helped usher in the era of prenatal genetic diagnosis in their landmark paper ‘‘Role of amniocentesis in the interuterine detection of genetic disorders’’ (N Engl J Med 1970;282:596-9). Since that time, advances in genetics and perinatal medicine have occurred at an amazing pace, allowing physicians to detect and treat genetic disorders in utero with increasing success. There has also been an escalating demand by the public for translational medicine where discoveries in the laboratory are rapidly brought to the bedside.

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  • In many countries, medicines are provided free to all patients in the public sector. Where this is the case, price data are not reported. In countries where medicines are only provided free to some groups of patients (e.g. children, the elderly), data on the price paid by those who are required to pay for their medicines are collected. In such cases, the price is the full price paid, even if patients themselves only pay part of this price. As indicated in Box 1.1, in WHO/HAI methodology medicine prices are reported as median price ratios or MPRs, which express median local...

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  • Two other sets of concepts that generate strong, and sometimes conflicting, reactions are the notion of what is 'public' (the public sector, the state, action that takes place in public) versus what is 'private' (of interest only to the individual/family, the private sector); and the meanings associated with money. We suggest that donation is a multi-layered process with each layer having its own public and private meanings. It may therefore be more helpful to think of public and private as being complementary and overlapping rather than in opposition (see Box 4.3).

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  • The application of radiation in human health, for both diagnosis and treatment of disease, is an important component of the work of the IAEA. The responsibility for the increasingly technical aspects of this work is undertaken by the medical physicist. To ensure good practice in this vital area, structured clinical training programmes are required to complement academic learning. This publication is intended to be a guide to the practical implementation of such a programme for nuclear medicine.

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  • For 250 years, veterinary medicine and its scientific underpinning, veterinary science, have struggled to gain the confidence and respect of clients, fellow health scientists and practitioners, and the general public. And it has been accomplished by means of the scientific method and strict objectivity. To embrace unproven or even discredited “complementary and alternative” techniques surely is regressive both for patients and for veterinarians.

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  • Psychiatry is an ever-changing field. The publishers and authors of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Treatments in Psychiatry have made every effort to provide information that is accurate and complete as of the date of publication. However, in view of the rapid changes occurring in mental health treatment, as well as the possibility of human error, this site may contain technical inaccuracies, typographical or other errors. It is the responsibility of the

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