Public Switched Telephone Network

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  • The generic cellular communication system, shown in Fig.l, is an integrated network comprising a land base wire line telephone network and a composite wired-wireless network. The land base network is the traditional telephone system in which all telephone subscribers are connected to a central switching network, commonly known as PSTN (Public Switching Telephone Network). It is a digital switching system, providing: i) Switching, ii) Billing, iii) 911 dialing, iv)l-800 and 1-900 calling features, v)...

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  • Chapter 7 objectives: Identify a variety of uses for WANs; explain different WAN topologies, including their advantages and disadvantages; compare the characteristics of WAN technologies, including their switching type, throughput, media, security, and reliability;... Inviting you to refer.

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  • This chapter includes contents: Types of remote network connections, public switched telephone network (PSTN), modems, modem communications, configuring a modem, Virtual Private Network (VPN) communications,...

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  • Chapter 12 - Remote network access. This chapter includes contents: Types of remote network connections, public switched telephone network (PSTN), modems, modem communications, configuring a modem, Virtual Private Network (VPN) communications,...

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  • This white paper provides a brief tutorial on Ethernet – a family of standards that defines several well-established 10 Mbps networking technologies and three newer, high-speed offerings, Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet, and 10 Gigabit Ethernet. It is intended for carrier network professionals, experts in the circuitswitched technologies employed in public switched telephone networks (PSTN) but often new to Ethernet and data networking.

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  • Before the advent of virtual private network (VPN) technology, remote connections were usually through expensive dedicated lines, or smaller organizations may have used on-demand connection technologies such as dial-up over Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) or Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN). VPN has allowed companies to shift their connections to the Internet and save money, but still provide confidentiality and integrity to their communication traffic. Branch offices can be located on the other side of the city or scattered across a continent.

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  • Switched CDMA Networks Overview Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) has been widely accepted and used for wireless access in terrestrial and satellite applications. These applications often require switching of the CDMA traffic channels in order to establish connectivity between end users. In existing terrestrial wireless networks, while CDMA is used for access, connectivity and routing is achieved via the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN). It is often desirable, however, that access and switching is performed within the same network in many applications.

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  • Mạng điện thoại chuyển mạch công cộng (Public - Switched telephone network - PSTN ) được tổ chức thành hệ thống 5 cấp. Các tổng đài lớp 5, còn gọi là tổng đài cuối, kết nối đến các thuê bao riêng lẻ.

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  • Overview Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) has been widely accepted and used for wireless access in terrestrial and satellite applications. These applications often require switching of the CDMA traffic channels in order to establish connectivity between end users. In existing terrestrial wireless networks, while CDMA is used for access, connectivity and routing is achieved via the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN). It is often desirable, however, that access and switching is performed within the same network in many applications.

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  • Implementation of real-time telephone-quality voice2 transmission using the Internet protocol (IP, the Internet Engineering Task Force’s [IETF’s] request for comment [RFC] 2460 and RFC 791) is no longer as challenging a task as it was a few years ago [1,2]. In this introductory chapter, I define the instances and interfaces of both public switched telephone networks (PSTN) and corporate or enterprise communication networks where voice over IP (VoIP) can be implemented.

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  • Internet telephony refers to communications services—voice, facsimile, and/or voice-messaging applications—that are transported via the Internet, rather than the public switched telephone network (PSTN). The basic steps involved in originating an Internet telephone call are conversion of the analog voice signal to digital format and compression/translation of the signal into Internet protocol (IP) packets for transmission over the Internet; the process is reversed at the receiving end.

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  • Fixed Wireless Access Systems The goal of this chapter is to review the main techniques used for Wireless Local Loop (WLL) including the Multichannel Multipoint Distribution Service (MMDS), and the Local Multipoint Distribution Service (LMDS). We also present the main aspects, advantages and disadvantages, and applications of these techniques. The chapter also deals with the wireless local loop subscriber terminals, Wireless Local Loop Interfaces to the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN), and the IEEE 802.16 standards on Broadband Wireless Access.

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  • Zntegrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) Most public telecommunication operators throughout the world have now at least commenced the modernization of their networks by introducing digital transmission and digital switching into the public switched telephone network (PSTN). Simultaneously many operators are converting their networks to integrated services digital networks (ISDN) which will allow customers access to a variety of services while reducing the cost of provision of these services both to the administration and to the customer....

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  • The provision of wireless access to the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) from a customer premises is known as Wireless Local Loop (WLL). The potential markets of application of WLL range from developing countries to developed ones. In both cases, the liberalization of the telecommunications market has allowed competition among operators around the world. Many communities of difficult access are still waiting for basic telephone service, which could be viable only by wireless technology, which, besides, offers a fast and cost-effective option....

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  • Communications is a process by which information is exchanged between individuals through a common system of symbols, signs, or behaviour “It is about communication between people; the rest is technology” Communication systems are reliable, economical and efficient means of communications Public switched telephone network (PSTN), mobile telephone communication (GSM, 3G, 4G...), broadcast radio or television, navigation systems, ... The course is aiming at introducing fundamental issues required for understanding and designing a (digital) communication system...

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  • Voice over IP (VoIP) is undoubtedly a powerful and innovative communication tool. Compared with the public switched telephone network (PSTN), VoIP off ers the benefi t of reducing communication and infrastructure cost. This makes it possible for everyone to easily keep in touch with family, friends, and clients around the world. Furthermore, VoIP has the potential to create new and att ractive communication tools by integrating with various applications, such as Web systems, presentation soft ware, and photo viewers....

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  • A Telecommunications View of the Total Area Network Intelligence is quickness to apprehend as distinct from ability, which is capacity to act wisely on the thing apprehended Alfred North Whitehead We have seen in Chapter 3 that the Integrated Digital Network (IDN) and ISDN evolved from the analogue Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN). And we have seen as part of this evolution how the network has been logically segregated into a ‘switched information’ subnet (the user-plane or U-plane in ISDN parlance) and a ‘signalling’ subnet (the control-plane or C-plane)....

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  • Kết nối WAN thông qua modem và mạng điện thoại. Modem và đường điện thoại quay số dùng tín hiệu tương tự cung cấp kết nối chuyển mạch, dung lượng thấp, phù hợp cho nhu cầu truyền dữ liệu tốc độ thấp, rẻ tiền. Điện thoại truyền thống sử dụng cáp đồng kết nối từ máy điện thoại của thuê bao đến tổng đài mạng điện thoại chuyển mạch công cộng (PSTN – Public switched telephone network). ...

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  • In electronics and telecommunications, modulation is the process of varying one or more properties of a high-frequency periodic waveform, called the carrier signal, with a modulating signal which typically contains information to be transmitted. This is done in a similar fashion to a musician modulating a tone (a periodic waveform) from a musical instrument by varying its volume, timing and pitch. The three key parameters of a periodic waveform are its amplitude ("volume"), its phase ("timing") and its frequency ("pitch").

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  • 1.Connect devices that are separated by a broader geographical area. 2.Use the services of carriers, such as telephone companies, network providers… 3.Use serial connections.A VPN is an encrypted connection between private networks over a public network such as the Internet. Instead of using a dedicated Layer 2 connection such as a leased line, a VPN uses virtual connections called VPN tunnels, which are routed through the Internet from the private network of the company to the remote site or employee host.

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