The Handbook of Public Sector Economics
is first and foremost a
textbook for graduate students in public administration and public
policy. Although most handbooks are used as reference texts, this
particular handbook was proposed and written as a textbook to be
used as the primary book in a graduate public economics course or
an important secondary or supplementary book in a public finance
or public policy course in a program where a course in public economics
is not offered.
The study of public policy, including the methods of policy analysis, has been among the most rapidly
developing fi elds in the social sciences over the past several decades. Policy analysis emerged to
both better understand the policymaking process and to suppy policy decision makers with reliable
policy-relevant knowledge about pressing economic and social problems.
Analysing the extent and severity of HIV/AIDS among educators without looking at the broader context within which schools operate, provides only a partial understanding of the immense challenges facing the education sector in South Africa. This study examines material issues affecting the quality of teaching and learning in our schools, both within and external to the classroom environment. The findings reveal significant disparities in conditions, both within and between provinces.
CO2SINK Project – CO2SINK is a European
Commission funded mid-scale (60,000 tonnes over
two years) demonstration project that aims to increase
the knowledge-base of CO2 storage in saline formations
and increase public confidence and awareness of GS.
The CO2SINK field site is located in Ketzin, Germany,
approximately 20 km west of Berlin at the site of a
former natural gas storage field. Storage will be at an
approximate depth of 650 meters in the saline Stuttgart
Except for the quotation of short passages for the purpose of criticism and review, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior permission of the publisher. This book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not by way of trade or otherwise,
This series of books ﬂows from workshops bringing public and
international lawyers and public and international policy makers
together for interdisciplinary discussion on selected topics and themes.
It aims to broaden both public and international laws’ understanding of
how these two areas intersect. Until now, international and public law
have mainly overlapped in discussions on how international law is
implemented domestically. This series is unique in consciously bringing
together public and international lawyers to consider and engage in each
Chapter 16 - Using effective promotions. In this chapter, you will learn: Identify the new and traditional tools that make up the promotion mix; contrast the advantages and disadvantages of various advertising media, including the Internet and social media; illustrate the steps of the B2B and B2C selling processes.; describe the role of the public relations department, and show how publicity fits in that role;...
Chapter 8 - Business-government relations. After studying this chapter you will be able to: Understanding why sometimes governments and business collaborate and other times work at arm’s length from each other, defining public policy and the elements of the public policy process, explaining the reasons for regulation, knowing the major types of government regulation of business,...
This book emerges from two separate, but intersecting, strands
of work that began in the late 1980s, when the World Bank ini-
tiated a review of priorities for the control of specific diseases.
The review generated findings about the comparative cost-
effectiveness of interventions for most diseases important in
developing countries. The purpose of the cost-effectiveness
analysis (CEA) was to inform decision making within the
health sectors of highly resource-constrained countries.
Treatment requirements imposed on individual firms were seen as the most direct
response to pollution problems. In the climate of the early 1970s, and given the lack of regional
institutions in place, the desire to minimize compliance costs and use taxes to meet ambient goals
was less strongly felt. This is one explanation for the quantity-based regulatory system we have
in place to this day. To understand some of the other explanations, it is necessary to describe the
characteristics of a tax system in more detail.
Before doing so, mention should also be made...
After studying this chapter you will be able to understand the advertising and public relations. The main contents of this chapter include all of the following: Setting advertising objectives, setting the advertising budget, developing advertising strategy, evaluating advertising effectiveness and return on advertising investment, the role and impact of public relations, major public relations tools.
Chapter 1 - The corporation and its stakeholders. In this chapter, you will learn: Understanding the relationship between business and society, and the ways in which they are part of an interactive system; considering the purpose of the modern corporation; knowing what is a stakeholder and who a corporation’s market and nonmarket and internal and external stakeholders are;...
Chapter 3 - Corporate social responsibility. Learning objectives of this chapter: Understanding the role of big business and its responsible use of corporate power in a democratic society, knowing when the idea of social responsibility originated and the phases through which it has developed, investigating how a company’s purpose or mission can integrate social objectives with economic objectives,...
Chapter 4 - Ethics and ethical reasoning. The goals of this chapter are: Defining ethics and business ethics, evaluating why businesses should be ethical, knowing why ethical problems occur in business, identifying managerial values as influencing ethical decision making, recognizing how people’s spirituality influences their ethical behavior, understanding stages of moral reasoning, analyzing ethical problems using generally accepted ethics theories.
Chapter 7 - Global corporate citizenship. The goals of this chapter are: Defining global corporate citizenship and observing it in practice, recognizing the many different approaches to managing corporate citizenship, understanding how the multiple dimensions of corporate citizenship progress through a series of stages,...
Chapter 9 - Influencing the political environment. The purpose of this chapter is: Understanding the arguments for and against business participation in the political process, knowing the types of corporate political strategies and the influences on an organization’s development of a particular strategy, assessing the tactics businesses can use to be involved in the political process, examining the role of the public affairs department and its staff, recognizing the challenges business faces in managing business–government relations in different countries.
In this enlightening book James Boyle describes what he calls the range wars of the information age—today’s heated battles over intellectual property. Boyle argues that just as every informed citizen needs to know at least something about the environment or civil rights, every citizen should also understand intellectual property law.
copy and build upon published articles even for commercial purposes, as long as the author and publisher are properly credited, which ensures maximum dissemination and a wider impact of our publications.
In this chapter: Distinguish primary from secondary income distribution, understand the redistributive impact of the budget on secondary income distribution, explain the calculation of a Gini coefficient, identify the excess burden of a subsidy, show how a subsidy could be welfare-enhancing if there are positive externalities associated with consumption of certain goods (e.g. Food for the poor),...
Chapter 11 presents deficits, surpluses, and the public debt. After studying this chapter you will be able to understand: What a budget deficit and a budget surplus are, and their connection to the public debt; about the recent history of Canada’s budget surpluses, deficits and public debt; the misconceptions about budget deficits and the national debt; the substantive issues about budget deficits and the public debt; the effect of the recent budgetary surplus.