Cervical cancer, caused by sexually-acquired infection with human papillomavirus (HPV),
continues to be a public health problem worldwide as it claims the lives of more than
270,000 women every year. In high-income countries early diagnosis and treatment of
precancerous lesions has led to a significant reduction in the burden of disease. Because of
poor access to high quality screening and treatment services the majority of cervical cancer
deaths (85%) occur in women living in low- and middle-income countries.
Establishing screening programmes without effective follow-up to treat those with
precancerous lesions will result in little or no impact on overall cervical cancer mortality
rates. Therefore, regardless of which strategy is selected for screening programmes, special
attention must be given to strengthening referral systems and having well defined links to
higher levels of health care delivery for tracking women with positive screening results.
minimize the risk of noncompliance with export control laws.
Export Management and Compliance Program Defined
An EMCP includes both the operational export compliance policies and
procedures an organization implements and a written set of guidelines
that captures those policies and procedures.
This manual implements Air Force Policy Directive (AFPD) 32-10, Installations and Facilities, by
providing guidance for base and command liquid fuels maintenance (LFM) personnel with guide
procedures for field maintenance of permanently installed Air Force-owned, -leased, or -controlled
petroleum storage and dispensing systems. It also supplements detailed manufacturers’ instructions on
specific equipment and applies to all Air Force systems and activities for which the civil engineer (CE)
has maintenance responsibility....
Cognitive load and listening in foreign language learning
From the perspective of the modality effect, double mode, including visual and
auditory, will be expected to enhance learning performance. A study done by
Markham (1999) revealed that foreign language learners who learned with double
mode had better listening comprehension. However, from the perspective of the
redundancy effect, double mode will not be beneficial to learning. Research...
For the purposes of excluding pregnancy, the CEU would advise that hormonal, intrauterine
and barrier methods can be considered reliable providing they have been used consistently
and correctly on every incidence of intercourse. This should be assessed on an individual
Quick starting may also mean starting a method immediately after the administration of
emergency contraception (EC). In this situation there is a possibility of EC failure and
pregnancy, therefore such practice would always be outside the licence of hormonal
The purpose of the audit visit is to verify and supplement the observations
made of the HEI’s quality system based on the audit material. The goal is to
make the visit an interactive event that supports the development of the
institution’s operations. In addition to conducting interviews during the visit,
the audit team examines any other material it may have requested from the
The visit lasts from three to five days.
Over the last several decades, the standards of US GAAP and associated guid-
ance have grown to many thousands of pages. By contrast, IFRS is substantially
shorter in length. The principles-based nature of IFRS standards may facilitate an
enhanced focus on the economic purpose of a company’s business activities
in its financial reports. This may make it possible for businesses to produce
financial reports that are less complex for investors and other users of financial
The purpose of this Supplement to the 2005 Guidance (Supplement) is to reinforce
the Guidance’s risk management framework and update the Agencies’
expectations regarding customer authentication, layered security, or other controls
in the increasingly hostile online environment.
All these new layers, devices and trafﬁc require management and protection just as they would
if they were physical machines and networks. But what do auditors need to know in order to
successfully locate and ensure secure processes around sensitive data traversing this new vir-
Unfortunately, at this early stage of adoption, there is little guidance within the regulatory
frameworks on how to address new audit issues presented with virtualization. The purpose of
this paper is to help IT managers and auditors...
This IAF Informative Document reflects the consensus of IAF members on this subject and is intended to support the consistent application of requirements. However, being a document for information purposes only, IAF Accreditation Body Members, and the Conformity Assessment Bodies (CABs) they accredit, are not under any obligation to use or comply with anything in this document
The purpose of this book is to provide electronic prescribing (EP) systems implementers
with an overview of the clinical and professional issues involved with the
use of EP systems, and a discussion of the key systems design principles involved.
The book does not assume any detailed clinical or IT knowledge on the part of the
reader; as such, it provides general guidance on possible applications of EP systems.
The purpose of
The Handbook of Neuroprosthetic Methods
is threefold. First,
the book combines the most commonly employed concepts, applications,
and knowledge from the many disciplines associated with neuroprosthetic
research in a clear and instructive way. Second, the book provides examples
of neuroprosthetic systems at different stages of development, from the more
mature cochlear implant to the maturing areas of upper-limb and motor
control to the relatively fledgling area of visual prostheses.
Guidance Notes on inspection thorough examination and testing of Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gea issued free of charge and can be obtained from offices of the Occupational Safety and Health Branch, may be freely reproduced except for advertising, endorsement or commercial purposes.
An international panel of experts in areas of relevance to obesity provided
guidance for the study. This synthesis research encompassed a comprehensive
search of medical/academic and grey literature and the Internet covering the years
1982–2003. The appraisal approach developed to identify best practice was
unique, in that it considered not only methodological rigour, but also population
health, immigrant health and programme development/evaluation perspectives in
We are paricular grateful to jeanne McCarten and geraldine mark at cambridge university Press who provide us with so much clear-sighted help anh creative guidance at all stages during the wring of this book, we should also like to thank stuart redman for his thorough anh invaluable report on the initial manuscript.
The Intelligent Investor: The Definitive Book On Value part 1. The purpose of this book is to supply, in a form suitable for laymen,
guidance in the adoption and execution of an investment policy.
Comparatively little will be said here about the technique of
analyzing securities; attention will be paid chiefly to investment
principles and investors’ attitudes.
Traversing the design and construction process, even for an experienced hand, is
sometimes daunting. When dealing with unfamiliar terminology and professionals
in the fi eld of architecture, engineering, and construction, project owners may need
some guidance along the way and, at times, wish they had a relative in the building
business to provide them with some helpful tips.
Instrument-based chromatography is now, for all practical purposes,
a mature and well-established field. The days of the necessity for
intensive training on the theories underpinning the technology simply
to provide competent use have long since passed. Now the requirement
is for the analyst to be competent and proficient in the use of
the technology, to produce reliable and defensible results on a routine
basis with little or no formal guidance. I have found that this is case
in my laboratory, and I believe the basic scenario is the same in laboratories
throughout the world....
The primary purpose of preparing this edition is to provide an update. In the 14 years since
the first edition was published, ecological risk assessment has gone from being a marginal
activity to being a relatively mature practice. There are now standard frameworks and
guidance documents in the United States and several other countries. Ecological risk assessment
is applied to the regulation of chemicals, the remediation of contaminated sites, the
importation of exotic organisms, the management of watersheds, and other environmental