Xem 1-14 trên 14 kết quả Qaeda
  • Having achieved its initial goals in the war on terrorism, the United States is now in a second, more complex phase of the campaign. This monograph reviews events since the attacks of September 11, 2001, and discusses the current state of the al Qaeda organization and the kinds of actions that can be expected of it in the

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  • Five years after September 11, 2001, al-Qaeda and other terrorist groups continue to threaten the lives and well being of Americans and the security of our friends and allies. This study first examines how al-Qaeda has changed since September 11. It then turns to an analysis of the broader global jihadist movement

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  • This book examines terrorist groups that, while not formally allied with al-Qaeda, pose a threat to Americans, at home and abroad, and to the security of our friends and allies. Although the temptation for policymakers is to set aside as less dangerous those groups that have not chosen to join al-Qaeda, such terrorist or insurgent groups

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  • This monograph grew out of several briefings. Subsequent to the briefings, the work was substantially extended and updated to reflect later developments. Support for writing this monograph was provided by RAND, using its corporate funds. Comments are welcome and may be addressed to the author: Brian M. Jenkins RAND P.O. Box 2138 Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138 Brian_Jenkins@rand.org

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  • There are many works focusing on terrorism and, after September 11, 2001, Islamic terrorism. Writers tend to address the issue of terrorism from the per- spective of their personal background. In many instances, it is easily discern- able whether a work is written from a Western or a Muslim perspective. In two respects, however, this book combines both perspectives. First, I am looking at it from both Islamic and international legal perspectives. Second, I write as someone who was born into and brought up in the Islamic tradi- tion and, since 2001, has earned a living in the West....

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  • Our study panel began deliberations with significantly divergent views on the meaning of the concept of “psychological consequences” and the definition of terrorism. In addition we had many perspectives on the appropriate preventive and therapeutic roles of public health and mental health systems with respect to the psychological consequences of terrorism. We agreed that terrorism affected humans in all walks of life and that societal terrorists are as diverse as the individuals they terrorize in society.

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  • Al Qaeda absorbed costs related to the plot before the hijackers arrived in the United States, although our knowledge of the funding during this period remains somewhat murky. According to plot leader Khalid Sheikh Muhammad (KSM), the Hamburg cell members (Muhamad Atta, Marwan al Shehhi, Ziad Jarrah, and Ramzi Binalshibh) each received $5,000 to pay for their return from Afghanistan to Germany in late 1999 or early 2000, after they had been selected to join the plot, and the three Hamburg pilots also received additional funds for travel from Germany to the United States.

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  • We have found no evidence that the Hamburg cell members received funds from al Qaeda earlier than late 1999. Before then, they appear to have supported themselves. For example, Shehhi was being paid by the UAE military, which was sponsoring his studies in Germany. He continued to receive a salary through December 23, 2000.

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  • Notwithstanding persistent press reports to the contrary, there is no evidence that the Spanish al Qaeda cell, led by Barkat Yarkas and including al Qaeda European financier Mohammed Galeb Kalaje Zouaydi, provided any funding to support 9/11 or the Hamburg plotters. Zouaydi may have provided funds to Mamoun Darkazanli, who knew the Hamburg plotters as a result of being a member of the Hamburg Muslim community, but there is no evidence that he provided money to the plot participants or that any of his funds were used to support the plot.

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  • The best available evidence indicates that approximately $300,000 was deposited into the hijackers’ bank accounts in the United States by a variety of means. Just prior to the flights, the hijackers returned about $26,000 to one of their al Qaeda facilitators and attempted to return another $10,000, which was intercepted by the FBI after 9/11. Their primary expenses consisted of tuition for flight training, living expenses (room, board and meals, vehicles, insurance, etc.), and travel (for casing flights, meetings, and the September 11 flights themselves).

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  • Within a few months after al Qaeda’s unlawful terroristic attacks inside the United States on September 11, 2001, the Bush administration embarked on a “dirty war” response to terrorism involving methods of detention, treatment, and interrogation that Vice President Cheney had generalized as responses on “the dark side.

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  • To plan and conduct their attack, the 9/11 plotters spent somewhere between $400,000 and $500,000, the vast majority of which was provided by al Qaeda. Although the origin of the funds remains unknown, extensive investigation has revealed quite a bit about the financial transactions that supported the 9/11 plot. The hijackers and their financial facilitators used the anonymity provided by the huge international and domestic financial system to move and store their money through a series of unremarkable transactions.

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  • Historical experience has shown that successful strategies to combat terrorism that is spawned by serious, deep-rooted problems have involved first crushing the current threat and then bringing about changes to make terrorism’s reemergence less likely. While deterrence of terrorism may at first glance seem to be an unrealistic goal

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  • The result of months of intensive investigations and inquiries by a specially appointed bipartisan panel, The 9/11 Commission Report is one of the most important historical documents of the modern era. And while that fact alone makes it worth owning, it is also a chilling and valuable piece of nonfiction: a comprehensive and alarming look at one of the biggest intelligence failures in history and the events that led up to it. The commission traces the roots of al-Qaeda's strategies along with the emergence of the 19 hijackers and how they...

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