More than half a million women and girls are held in prisons throughout the world, either as
remand or sentenced prisoners. In Europe, about 100 000 women and girls are in prison
(United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2008). Women constitute a very small
proportion of the general prison population worldwide, usually between 2% and 9% of a
country’s prison population. Only 12 prison systems worldwide report a higher percentage
than that. The median level in Europe is 4.4%.
When I started graduate school at Syracuse University in the late sixties,
the chair of my department informed me that I would not be eligible
for fellowships, because I was a woman. Pulling out a page of statistics, he
pointed to the data indicating that women didn’t finish PhD programs, and
if they did, they interrupted their academic careers for marriage and children
and therefore didn’t go back to catch up with their peers. They were,
he concluded, “a bad investment” for the department and the university....
This book examines the relationship between imperialism and
international law. It argues that colonial confrontation was central to
theformation of international law and, in particular, its founding
concept, sovereignty. Traditional histories of the discipline present
colonialism and non-European peoples as peripheral concerns. By
contrast, Anghie argues that international law has always been
animated by the ‘civilizing mission’ -- the project of governing
Discrimination against outsiders has always existed, but with the exception
of a few discussions of the employment of women (see Edgeworth ,
and Faucett ), economists wrote little on this subject before the
1950s. I began to worry about racial, religious, and gender discrimination
while a graduate student, and used the concept of discrimination coeffi-
cients to organize my approach to prejudice and hostility to members of
This insightful text looks at key risk factors identified with drug use among Hispanic, African-American, and White non-Hispanic adolescents, expanding on current models of drug research to account for the unique experiences of these young people. The model underlying the research draws components from three theoretical models: self-derogation/self-esteem; acculturation stress; and perceptions of racial and cultural prejudice and discrimination.
Describes how the addition of a new responsibility to the Title IV mandate — the delivery of services to eliminate sex discrimination in school districts — has affected the ongoing Title IV mission of assisting the process of racial desegregation in schools.General assistance centers, state education agencies, and training institutes were surveyed by mail questionnaire to gain informat......