In recent years, the remarkable advances in medical imaging instruments have increased their use considerably for diagnostics as well as planning and follow-up of treatment. Emerging from the fields of radiology, medical physics and engineering, medical imaging no longer simply deals with the technology and interpretation of radiographic images. The limitless possibilities presented by computer science and technology, coupled with engineering advances in signal processing, optics and nuclear medicine have created the vastly expanded field of medical imaging.
This manual on radiographic technique and projections, is a successor to the
Manual of Radiographic Technique that was published in 1986 with Drs T Holm,
P Palmer and E Lehtinen as authors, and was meant as a manual for the WHO
Basic Radiological System—WHO-BRS. The present manual can be used with any
equipment, but is especially designed for the use with X-ray machines that comply
with the specifications for the World Health Organization Imaging System for
The idea of this book originates from a series of lectures on “Detectors
Application in Medicine and Biology” that I was asked to give as part of
the Academic Training Program at CERN in 1995. In preparing the
series of lectures, I realized that I would be talking about detector
properties and the medical applications of these detectors to the scientists
and engineers who were their inventors.
Image registration is an emerging topic in image processing with many applications
in medical imaging, picture and movie processing. The classical problem of image
registration is concerned with finding an appropriate transformation between two
data sets. This fuzzy definition of registration requires a mathematical modeling and
in particular a mathematical specification of the terms appropriate transformations
and correlation between data sets. Depending on the type of application, typically
Euler, rigid, plastic, elastic deformations are considered.
The idea for this book grew out of our experience in
teaching pediatric radiology to clinicians and students.
Clearly, there is a strong desire on the part of
those taking care of children to familiarize themselves
with the rudiments of the pediatric radiograph.
While radiologists have primary responsibility
for the interpretation of films, clinicians bring
valuable insight and information. Often they present
additional important data or ask searching questions
that prompt a re-evaluation of the films so that a
more appropriate diagnosis may be obtained....