Design Practice in Russia
66.1 66.2 66.3 Introduction Historical Evolution
Masonry and Timber Bridges • Iron and Steel Bridges
Standardization of Superstructures • Features of Substructure
Bridge Design Theory and Methods
Design Codes and Speciﬁcations • Design Concepts and Philosophy • Concrete Structure Design • Steel Structure Design • Stability Design • Temporary Structure Design
Inspection and Test Techniques
Static Load Tests • Dynamic Load Tests • Running in of Bridge under Load
66.6 Simon A.
Impact Effect of Moving Vehicles
56.1 56.2 Mingzhu Duan
Quincy Engineering, Inc.
56.3 56.4 56.5
Philip C. Perdikaris
Case Western Reserve University
Introduction Consideration of Impact Effect in Highway Bridge Design Consideration of Impact Effect in Railway Bridge Design Free Vibration Analysis
Structural Models • Free Vibration Analysis
Forced Vibration Analysis under Moving Load
Dynamic Response Analysis • Summary of Bridge Impact Behavior
According to legislation introduced in 2001, Switzerland is already paying to install
low-noise systems in its national railway vehicles.
Vehicles ﬁ tted with noise-reducing technologies are refunded 0.01 CHF per axle
kilometre travelled in Switzerland. This translates into a €7.50 bonus for a typical
four-axle wagon on the 300 km Basel-Chiasso line, an important link in the Germany-
Italy transit route.
A complete freight train with composite brake blocks gets a €93 refund, which is 5%
of the total track access charge.