Xem 1-20 trên 29 kết quả Rapid transition
  • The global environment is changing rapidly, partly in response to economic globalization. These global changes are clearly evident at the local level, even in the quality of air that people breath. In some high income countries air quality has been improving, due to a combination of de-industrialization, improved technologies and environmental regulation. However, advances in the science of epidemiology suggest that even air that would until recently have been considered ‘clean’ may contain pollutants that are hazardous to people’s health.

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  • Some of the underground Rapid Transit System (RTS) stations are constructed by the “top-down” method. In this method, the underground retaining walls are first installed. In most cases, these retaining walls are concrete diaphragm walls. This is followed by excavation to just below the roof slab level of the underground structure, with the retaining walls and struts supporting the soil at the sides. The roof slab is then constructed, providing a massive support across the excavation.

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  • Smart polymers are macromolecules capable of undergoing rapid, reversible phase transitions from a hydrophilic to a hydrophobic microstructure. These transitions are triggered by small shifts in the local environment, such as slight variations in temperature, pH, ionic strength, or the concentration of specific substances like sugars. Smart polymers have an extensive range of applications, but this book focuses solely on their roles within the fields of bioseparation and biomedicine. Until recently, polymers were considered to be passive participants within these fields.

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  • ETP2010 will build on the success of earlier editions, by providing decision makers with more detailed practical information and tools that can help kick-start the transition to a more secure, sustainable and affordable energy future.

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  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The International Institute for the Sociology of Law in Oñati has enabled this group of scholars who share an interest in family law and family poli- cy, but come from a variety of academic disciplines and countries, to meet, to argue and to develop their ideas over almost a decade. We are grateful for this opportunity and proud to present our third volume of essays.

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  • The Art of Public Speaking of news, like rapid transit, are of recent origin, and are only made possible by the genius of the inventor and the courage of the investor. It took a special messenger of the government, with every facility known at the time for rapid travel, nineteen days to go from the City of Washington to New Orleans with a message to General Jackson that the war with England had ceased and a treaty of peace had been signed. How different now! We reached General Miles, in Porto Rico, and he was able through the military telegraph...

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  • The enactment of the Weapon Systems Acquisition Reform Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-23) and the recent revision of Department of Defense Instruction 5000.02 have served to highlight the complexity of the Department of Defense acquisition process.1 This report serves as a follow-on study to the 2008 National Research Council (NRC) report Pre-Milestone A and Early-Phase Systems Engineering: A Retrospective Review and Benefits for Future Air Force Systems Acquisition, which emphasized the role of systems engineering in the acquisition life cycle.

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  • Shifting demographics, rapidly evolving technology, and generational and multicultural issues in the workplace are demanding new leadership styles and management skills. In FY 2013, CPB will support professional development in diversity, leadership, content creation and station capacity.

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  • Land hunger is so general that it may be regarded as a natural craving. Artificial modes of life, it is true, can destroy it, but it is apt to reassert itself in later generations. To tens of thousands of bread-winners in cities a country home is the dream of the future, the crown and reward of their life-toil. Increasing numbers are taking what would seem to be the wiser course, and are combining rural pleasures and advantages with their business.

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  • Modelling and computations in electromagnetics is a quite fast-growing research area. The recent interest in this field is caused by the increased demand for designing complex microwave components, modeling electromagnetic materials, and rapid increase in computational power for calculation of complex electromagnetic problems. The first part of this book is devoted to the advances in the analysis techniques such as method of moments, finite-difference time- domain method, boundary perturbation theory, Fourier analysis, mode-matching method, and analysis based on circuit theory....

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  • Gerard Manley Hopkins was born in Stratford, East London in July 1844. Situated just beyond the metropolitan boundary, then, as now, the area was changing rapidly. With the arrival of the Great Eastern Railway’s locomotive works it was “cut up in all directions by branches of railways” (Olsen 1976: 275-6) but also suffered, as Norman White points out, as a consequence of London’s environmental diligence.

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  • Dynamical systems theory in mathematical biology and environmental science has attracted much attention from many scientific fields as well as mathematics. For example, “chaos” is one of its typical topics. Recently the preservation of endangered species has become one of the most important issues in biology and environmental science, because of the recent rapid loss of biodiversity in the world. In this respect, permanence or persistence, new concepts in dynamical systems theory, seem important.

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  • As everybody is undoubtedly aware, we are living in the midst of rapid information renovation and innovation. The changing world of information technology (IT) can be challenging or even frightening to all of us. For any IT engineer who stays out of the technological advancement for even a very short period of time, he/she will quickly find himself/herself an outsider to the technological transitions, with difficulty in understanding hundreds and thousands of new terminologies that are invented every year for newly emerging technologies....

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  • Susan Stewart has argued that the appeal of miniature writing, specifically of the miniature book, coincided with the transition from one technology to another (with the invention of printing): On the interface between the manuscript and printing, the miniature book is a celebration of a new technology, yet a nostalgic creation endowed with the significance the manuscript formerly possessed.

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  • Together, we have to successfully make this important transition which is the most demanding challenge our industry has to meet since, at the beginning of the 1930s, cinema progressed from silent films to films with sound. Although more than 2,100 screens are equipped in France today (i.e. 40% of the total screens count) – one of the most rapidly growing d-cinema market in the world - this challenge is far from being accomplished. We have...

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  • In recent decades a significant part of the land use changes caused by the population expansion in Turkish cities has not followed an urban development plan but was rather driven by unlicensed build- ing activities. 5 As an example, the built-up area in the province of Istanbul increased by more than 40% between 1990 and 2005. New settlements were typically erected on public land near water bodies and in areas that had been made more accessible by new trans- portation routes like the Transit European Motorway, the E-5 and the second Bosphorus Bridge.

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  • Qualitative research was conducted on these issues in the 1990s, but since then, India has experienced rapid economic growth, considerable improvements in net school enrolment ratios, and reductions in gender differentials in school enrolment.

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  • In both countries, the early years of transition were associated with fiscal decentralization. In each of the transition economies, fiscal decentralization was a central piece of economic policy reform, for, as reforming economies became more decentralized and market-based, the public finances became the primary instrument for supplying public goods, protecting vulnerable members of society, and maintaining growth and stability. Yet, while fiscal decentralization fostered rapid growth in China, in Russia, de facto fiscal decentralization had dire consequences.

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  • Written premium is commonly used in the property/casualty insurance industry as a measure of business growth. Therefore, an understanding of the components of written premium is necessary to evaluate growth correctly. Absent this understanding, a user of written premium information may misinterpret the true growth rate of an insurer, especially during periods of rapid change (such as a change in processing systems or transition to a different type of business.) In the simplest case, the policy premium is known and fixed in advance once the policy is sold.

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  • Unfortunately, the information on SME lending is very fragmentary. According to the Banca d’Italia (1999: 180), the share of loans to small businesses increased until the early nineties, but then contracted until 1998. 5 In recent years, SME lending has increased at a more rapid pace than lending to other firms (Banca d’Italia 2003, 2004). Hence, the evolu- tion of SME loans in the 1990s may have been a transitional problem.

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