Chemical reaction engineering is concerned with the exploitation of chemical reactions on a commercial scale. It's goal is the successful design and operation of chemical reactors. This text emphasizes qualitative arguments, simple design methods, graphical procedures, and frequent comparison of capabilities of the major reactor types. Simple ideas are treated first, and are then extended to the more complex.
Comprehensive manual embracing essentially all the classical and modern areas of chemical kinetics. Provides details of modern applications in chemistry, technology and biochemistry.
Special sections of the book treat subjects not covered sufficiently in other manuals, including: modern methods of experimental determination of rate constants of reactions including laser pico- and femtochemistry, magnetochemistry, and ESR; and descriptions of advanced theories of elementary chemical processes.
Petroleum mixtures consist primarily of relatively unreactive complex hydrocarbons covering a wide boiling range. Such mixtures are difficult to separate by most analytical techniques. Therefore, the petroleum industry has for many years played a leading role in the development of chromatographic methods of analysis. Since the last book specifically concerned with chromatographic analysis of petroleum appeared 15 years ago, numerous advances have been made including developments in liquid and supercritical fluid chromatography, ...
During the last decades, remarkable progress in heat flow studies has been made and
a rough picture of the global surface heat flow density distribution can now be
drawn. Simultaneously, the question of over which time period the surface heat flow
is constant arose.
Nanostructured Au-Ceria has been known as a promising catalyst for the low-temperature water-gas shisft reaction. The catalyst prepared by coprecipitation method with the gold loading various between 2 - 3 at.% with the crystallite size of 2.9 nm has been used to study some factors that effect to catalytic activity and long-term stability of this material.
The dual nucleotide cofactor-specific enzyme, 3a-hydroxy-steroid dehydrogenase (3a-HSD)from Pseudomonassp.
B-0831, is a member of the short-chain dehydrogenase/
reductase (SDR)superfamily. Transient-phase kinetic stud-ies using the fluorescence stopped-flow method were con-ducted with 3a-HSD to characterize the nucleotide binding
mechanism. The binding of oxidized nucleotides, NAD
and nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide
), agreed well with a one-step mechanism, while
that of reduced nucleotide, NADH, showed a two-step
Microcalorimetry and UV-vis spectroscopy were used to conduct thermodynamic and kinetic investigations of the scission of calf thymus DNA catalyzed by bleomycin A5 (BLM-A5) in the presence of ferrous ion and oxygen. The molar reaction enthalpy for the cleavage, the Michaelis– Menten constant for calf thymus DNA and the turnover number of BLM-A5 were calculated by a novel thermokinetic method for an enzyme-catalyzed reaction to be )577 ± 19 kJÆmol)1, 20.4 ± 3.8 lM and 2.28 ± 0.49 · 10)2 s)1, respectively, at 37.0 °C. This DNA cleavage was a largely exothermic reaction....
Kinetic modelling of complex metabolic networks – a central goal of com-putational systems biology – is currently hampered by the lack of reliable
rate equations for the majority of the underlying biochemical reactions and
The aim of the study was to investigate the crystallization kinetics and solidification
behaviour of Fe60Co8Mo5Zr10W2B15 bulk glass forming alloy. The solidification
behaviour in near-equilibrium and non-equilibrium cooling conditions was studied.
The eutectic and peritectic reactions were found to exist in the solidification
sequence of the alloy. The bulk metallic glass formation was achieved by using two
methods: quenching from the liquid state and quenching from the semi-state.
Chemical doping nitrogen in to TiO2 crystal network by methods of sol-gel and impregnation was presented. The obtained nitrogen-doped TiO2 materials were characterized by different techniques such as XRD, SEM, UV-VIS. It was shown that samples have very uniform nano size, anatas structure and low level of band-gap energy (Ebg ~ 2.2 eV, ~ 500 - 600 nm). Their activity and kinetic were also studied and the results proved that in comparison with P25, the obtained nitrogen-doped TiO2 had higher activity and photo-quantum efficiency in organic disintegrated reaction under solar radiation.