Chapter 7: Real, personal, and intellectual property. After reading this chapter, you will be able to answer the following questions: How are the topics of real, personal, and intellectual property related? How does real property law balance private and public rights? What are the interests in real property that one can hold? What are the types of personal property? How do you transfer personal property?
This text was originally written as a reduced-essential version of a larger text entitled Practical
Real Estate Law by Daniel F. Hinkel. Practical Real Estate Law covered every aspect of a modern
real estate practice. That text, because of its detail and comprehensive coverage, totaled
more than 600 pages, and some instructors teaching courses designed for six- to ten-week
terms had found it difficult to complete Practical Real Estate Law. The students who were
attending the shorter courses suggested that the text be shortened and that some detail be
After studying this chapter you will be able to understand: Define real property and describe the scope of related rights and interests, distinguish the forms of real property ownership and how transfer occurs, explain the process of acquiring real property and relevant deeds, discuss government control of real property and constitutional limits.
Chapter 24 - Real property. After studying this chapter you will be able to understand: Define real property and describe the scope of related rights and interests, distinguish the forms of real property ownership and how transfer occurs, explain the process of acquiring real property and relevant deeds, discuss government control of real property and constitutional limits.
Are you interested in real estate finance? Financing real estate is essential for most buyers; this is true for both residential and commercial properties. While the price of property can fluctuate most simply do not have the capital on hand to purchase in whole, or they do not want to make that large an investment all at once. Financing lets individuals and companies purchase property while spreading payment out over the long term.
Life is full of mysteries that, when uncovered, turn out to be neither sinister nor complex.
Generally they fall into the “Now, why didn’t I think of that” category, once their
truth has been discovered they often become commonplace, taken for granted. The
Wright brothers uncovered some such mysteries, as did Leonardo da Vinci and countless
other philosophers, scientists, and average people who simply figured things out
I’VE SPENT 50 YEARS as a lawyer, business advisor, and deal nego-
tiator for real estate tycoons at the top of the world’s toughest real
estate market—New York City. I’ve represented or negotiated with
great real estate minds like Harry Helmsley, Sam LeFrak, Bill Zeck-
endorf, and Donald Trump. It’s been my good fortune to spend many
of the best years of my career as Donald’s right-hand man.
The intent of these standards is not to instruct in the details of appraising, but rather the emphasis is on those particular aspects of valuation that pertain to assessing in Utah. Detailed instruction in appraisal theory and practice is provided through appropriate registration and certification course work.
Much of the language in these standards is common to other assessment publications as well as other disciplines; however, its use here is restricted to the definitions provided in the “General Information Section”.
Internal Revenue Code, Section 1031, states that neither gain nor loss is recognized if property held for investment or for productive use in a trade or business is exchanged for property held for investment or for use in a trade or business. There are several types of 1031 exchange methods used today, including delayed exchanges, simultaneous exchanges, and reverse exchanges.
Welcome to Real Estate Investing For Dummies, 2nd Edition! We’re
delighted to be your tour guides. Throughout this book, we emphasize
three fundamental cornerstones that we believe to be true:
✓ Real estate is one of the three time-tested ways for people of varied economic
means to build wealth (the others are stocks and small business).
Over the long-term (decades), you should be able to make an annualized
return of at least 8 to 10 percent per year investing in real estate.
As professionals in the real estate markets, we have worked with thousands
of real estate investors and businesspeople, and we know that there is something
different about the mindsets of successful individuals. They approach
life with a certain set of assumptions, enabling them to apply analytical
strategies to their decision-making and, as a result, create positive professional
and personal lives.
Why is having the right mindset important? Investors the world over
are reeling from the effects of the Great Recession.
The purchase of real estate can usually be regarded as a joint venture between an equity investor
and a lending institution. Very few occasions arise where properties are bought for all cash. In
most real estate transactions a lender provides a part of the financing, and the property is held as
security for the debt. There are two instruments involved when a real estate transaction involves
both debt and equity - the note and the mortgage.
As SIAP notes, the organizational structure of many
arts groups and institutions makes them ideal leverage
points for local, regional and even global connections.
They are flexible organizations that function across a
range of applications and relationships; they are linked
to local and non-local consumers and suppliers; they
utilize horizontal business alliances to enrich their
workforce, business offerings and customer base.
Numerous U.S. REITs and other institutions have invested in real property connected to
maquiladoras, retail development and tourism. This trend should persist because Mexico is ripe for
continued investment. With respect to retail development, for example, there are fewer than 1,000
malls and shopping centers in Mexico, which has a population of approximately 110 million
people. In comparison, there are more than 102,000 malls and shopping centers in the U.S., which
has a population of approximately 306 million people.
We prove the topological (or combinatorial) rigidity property for real polynomials with all critical points real and nondegenerate, which completes the last step in solving the density of Axiom A conjecture in real one-dimensional dynamics. Contents 1. Introduction 1.1. Statement of results 1.2. Organization of this work 1.3. General terminologies and notation 2. Density of Axiom A follows from the Rigidity Theorem 3. Derivation of the Rigidity Theorem from the Reduced Rigidity Theorem
“ as a founding member of Greenprint,
RREEF Real Estate has and continues
to play a leadership role in defining the
metrics that Greenprint will collect in
future reporting rounds, and how the
reporting process can be increasingly
automated, transparent, and
compatible with the established set of
portfolio management tools widely used
in the commercial real estate industry.”
We prove that almost every nonregular real quadratic map is ColletEckmann and has polynomial recurrence of the critical orbit (proving a conjecture by Sinai). It follows that typical quadratic maps have excellent ergodic properties, as exponential decay of correlations (Keller and Nowicki, Young) and stochastic stability in the strong sense (Baladi and Viana). This is an important step in achieving the same results for more general families of unimodal maps.
Mexican corporations that do not accept foreign investment (by stipulating as such in their by-
laws) may acquire real property in the Prohibited Zone for any purpose. In contrast, while a
Mexican company that allows foreign investment may also purchase real property within the
Prohibited Zone, it can do so for non-residential purposes only, and provided that the corporation’s
by-laws demand adherence to the Calvo Clause and that the corporation notifies the Secretary of
Foreign Relations (SRE).
In addition to holding title to property or having the right of beneficial use through a fideicomiso,
there are other ways to enjoy the use of real property in Mexico, including leasing property and
participating in time shares. With regard to leasing, there are no restrictions that prevent foreign
individuals or entities from leasing property in Mexico. Unlike American law, the Mexican Civil
Code places limits on the duration of real property leases.