Two major ways in which the Department of Defense (DoD) strives to improve its eﬃciency is through the consolidation of defense facilities and changes in its governance structure (e.g., reorganization of defense agencies or ﬁeld activities). Both types of initiatives can have signiﬁcant eﬀects on the governance structu
We decided to write this book when we discovered that a majority of the companies
we talked to had dysfunctional and low-value added processes for budgeting, fore-
casting, and financial reporting. And, as financial executives come and go, typically
little is done to streamline these processes. Even when large amounts of money are
invested in new financial software, the solutions are usually put in place based on
the old, inefficient routines.
In contemporary debates about democratic governance, the concept of
accountability is hard to avoid. At least from a European perspective, recent
innovations in political and administrative decision-making have multiplied
opportunities for citizens to hold to account those who exercise governmental
authority. Or so we are told. Whether busy modernizing constitutional
structures or realigning public services along market-led lines, our political
representatives have proclaimed a new era of open and responsive government.
The relationship with local governments and local communities is a new
concept accompanying the idea of decentralization. In Bolivia, citizen
participation is a condition for receiving fund support. Not only is it a
condition, but increasingly municipalities have to cofinance projects. Cen-
tral governments are transferring resources to the municipalities, and
citizen participation decides which projects the municipality wants to
cofinance. Cofinancing is realigning the funds with communities, and it
is helping them to prepare development plans....
Traditional retailing (bricks and mortar) itself has been witness to numerous
realignments; the dawning of the Internet has forced a fundamental reexamination of the
value notion as viewed from the consumer’s perspective. Retailing itself has been
dynamic in its format. From a historical traveling caravan, to a mail order behemoth
created by the ingenuity of Sears, Roebuck & Co.
The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (the “Port Authority”) is a complex
organization, comprised of billions of dollars of vital infrastructure and transportation
operations as well as significant real estate holdings. Navigant Consulting, Inc.
In the ongoing Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) process, lands containing unexploded ordnance (UXO) left over from military training have proved particularly difficult and costly to transfer to new users. With a few exceptions, little progress has been made in transferring these lands. This monograph chronicles the issues
Recognizing that financial considerations are not the only ones that are relevant in the decisions that must be made to close schools, Superintendent Mark Roosevelt appointed a committee to consider how to realign schools in a way that would not only save resources, but also better serve the academic needs of students across Pittsburgh. Closing schools can have substantial impacts on students, families, and neighborhoods.
Aircraft force structure bed-downs resulting from the 2005 Defense Base Closure and Realignment (BRAC) recommendations were used in the analyses, and all CONUS active duty bases and Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve Command installations were included, considering support to three tasking scenarios