Recent diagnostic

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  • This up-to-date medical text (4th Edition) contains the latest approaches to diagnosis, evaluation, and management for commonly occurring primary care problems. The most recent diagnostic and evidence-based treatment guidelines from major authoritative sources are incorporated in order to make this a comprehensive, yet practical and useful book for the primary care clinician.

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  • The mortality from ischemic heart disease has decreased in recent years. The better under‐ standing of risk factors associated with development of coronary artery disease (CAD) has significantly contributed to this decline. Preventive measures such as aggressive therapy of arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and lipid disorders and by campaigning against the smoking are important components of this medical success.

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  • The NCRP has long mcog&ed the need for a clear assessment of the magnitude of doses from various souroes of radiation to which the population of the U.S. is ocpo9ed. In anticipation of the need to gather data for input into this process five as&sament committees, each adhing a different source category, wem established, first in 1971 and then reestablished in 1986. NCRP reports assessing exposum from natural background, consumer products, and nuclear power gene ation have recently been published (NCRP, 1987% 1987b. 1987~)...

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  • Competition in the banking sector has been analysed by, amongst other methods, measuring market power (i.e. a reduction in competitive pressure) and efficiency. A well-known approach to measuring market power is suggested by Bresnahan (1982) and Lau (1982), recently used by Bikker (2003) and Uchida and Tsutsui (2005). They analyse bank behaviour on an aggregate level and estimate the average conjectural variation of banks.

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  • Much has happened since the first edition of this book appeared in 2002. Despite the continuing paucity of robust scientific evidence to support most of its constituent therapies, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) remains popular with clients who appreciate the holistic approach and have a belief in its effectiveness.

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  • Endoscopy is a fast moving field, and new techniques are constantly emerging. Gastrointestinal endoscopy has a central role in the evaluation of gastrointestinal complaints and in the diagnosis and management of gastrointestinal diseases. It is a very safe procedure in the general population as demonstrated by numerous studies. Several data provide a better understanding of pathogenic mechanisms. In recent decades, gastrointestinal endoscopy has evolved and branched out from a visual diagnostic modality to impressive interventional capabilities.

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  • Lung protection strategy permising hypercapnia induces the development of cranial hyperemia and hypertension. On the other hand, “aggressive” ventilation with high tidal volume may aggravate lung injury and provoke ventilator-associated lung damage(9). In mechanical ventilation treatment, PEEP improves oxygenation by recruitment of atelectatic alveolar units, improving FRC and preventing atelectrauma. Also it may have detrimental neurologic effects in certain clinical circumstances(10).

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  • Ultrasound has become an integral component of obstetric care, with the vast majority of patients having at least one ultrasound examination during pregnancy. From the determination of early pregnancy and gestational age to the evaluation of fetal growth and well being, ultrasound is a valuable diagnostic tool for the practicing obstetrician. Recent advances in obstetric ultrasonography have increased its importance in managing pregnancies at risk for aneuploidy, structural anomalies, preterm delivery, and blood flow abnormalities. ...

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  • Such an integrative approach in basic and clinical gastroenterology seems to be essential for the pathomechanism, proper diagnosis and management of patients who suffer from gastrointestinal disorders. The potential reader will not only find in this book the recent advances in the physiology and pathomechanism of GI tract disorders, but also the treatment options based on pharmacological and surgical intervention and the recent advances in the biological therapy with probiotics and prebiotics, which nowadays is a rapidly growing area of interest.

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  • Probiotics may exert a multidirectional effects affecting the gene expression in intestinal cells. A number of positive effects of probiotics have been indicated, particularly their beneficial effect in the pathologic conditions including antibiotic-associated traveler's diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), lactose intolerance, dental caries, gastroduodenal ulcers due to Helicobacter pylori, hepatic encephalopathy, intestinal motility disorders and neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis.

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  • The veterinary sector has witnessed considerable change in recent years, and this has had a significant impact on the wider veterinary business landscape. Most noteworthy, perhaps, has been the change at the global level in the focus of animal welfare, with a growth in small/companion animal care and a reduction in large animal work (Lowe, 2009). This has resulted in increased competition amongst veterinary practices and the recognition that veterinary services need to be appropriately marketed.

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  • In this chapter, the focus on modelling the feedback dynamics of DNA methylation is dealt with in four parts, consisting of: (1) DNA Methylation mechanisms, controlling factors – DNA sequence pattern analyses and Histone modifications and their association with disease initiation, (2) A background on the recent data explosion, multiple methods and modelling approaches developed so far to investigate DM mechanisms and associated factors, (3a) Description of methods to investigate CG distribution in human DNA sequences – Results obtained and their association with DM spread, (3b) Developm...

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  • In this study we develop an empirical framework to assess the effects of capital inows, monetary policy and nancial innovation on the housing sector. Our rst contribution is to document the effects of monetary policy and capital inows on the housing sector in a broad sample of advanced economies. We estimate a panel vector autoregression (VAR) for 18 OECD countries and identify capital inows and monetary policy shocks with sign restrictions.

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  • Health care spending has exceeded economic growth in every recent decade. Over the last four decades, the average growth in health spending has exceeded the growth of the economy as a whole by between 1.1 and 3.0 percentage points (Figure 2). Since 1970, health care spending per capita has grown at an average annual rate of 8.2% or 2.4 percentage points faster than nominal GDP. The persistence of this trend suggests systematic differences between health care and other economic sectors where growth rates are typically more in line with the overall economy. A smaller difference is...

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  • This book is intended to bring solution protein chemistry to proteomic technology and to provide a different perspective from other review works. Proteomics, while a diffuse area, is an extension of classical protein chemistry largely driven by major advances in the analytical capability of mass spectrometry. The content assembles together some disparate areas into a single volume. The author has also tried to use as much classical protein chemistry literature as possible as this serves as the intellectual basis for proteomics.

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  • Medicine and dentistry are continuously evolving, due largely to the influences and interactions of new methods, technologies, and materials. Partly because of outdated testing requirements, our students can no longer adequately meet the increasing demands these changes have placed on a patient-oriented education.

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  • Cervical cancer is the second most prevalent cancer among women worldwide, and infection with Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) has been identified as the causal agent for this condition. The natural history of cervical cancer is characterized by slow disease progression, rendering the condition in essence preventable and even treatable when diagnosed in early stages.

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  • This review is for the 3rd Edition of Edelman's Understanding Ultrasound Physics. As Mr. Ridgeway noted in his review, this book has a bronze cover and is the most recent edition. Dr. Edelman presents the concepts in an orderly manner. Each chapter is a building block to the next. He words the material in a way that the average person can understand. Many ultrasound physics texts use terminology and principles which are far more technical, detailed and complex than necessary. Not this one!

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  • Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) used to be regarded as a rare disease. The increasing numbers of chronic hepatitis C virus carriers in the United States and subsequent increased incidence of HCC seen in most large medical centers means that it is no longer an uncommon disease for most gastroenterologists or oncologists to encounter. During the times when liver resection or systemic chemotherapy were the only real therapeutic modalities available, the outcomes were generally dismal, especially because most patients presented with advanced-stage tumors.

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  • This major drawback led to the development of a more consistent approach that modelled inefficiency effects as an explicit function of certain factors specific to the firm, and all the parameters are estimated in one step using maximum likelihood procedure. Authors in this category include Kumbhakar, Ghosh and McGuckin (1991), Reifschneider and Stevenson (1999), Huang and Liu (1994), and Battese and Coelli (1995), who proposed a stochastic frontier production fuction for panel data.

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