Recent legislation

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  • Relatively recently, after the availability of scanned data from supermarkets some authors started studying the choices of individual consumers in response to price discounts rather then focusing on the overall store sales. Such approach allows to separate the e ect price reduction has on the number of items individual consumer buys from the number of consumers price reduction attracts to the shop. Moreover, it became possible to see which goods consumers purchase together and how this behavior changes in response to price reductions. Van den Poel et al.

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  • The legislation already in place and now being considered adds up to a fundamental reshaping of the EU's financial system. Agreement on banking supervision will put the European financial system on far more secure foundations and act as a springboard for confidence. 2013 will see the implementation of many of the detailed rules of this package.

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  • Subject to a number of exceptions, fund managers that are SEC-registered investment advisers may not charge any type of performance fee or carried interest to their fund investors. 72 Rule 205-3 of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended (the “Advisers Act”), allows registered fund managers to charge such fees to “qualifi ed clients.”73 Rule 205-3 historically defi ned “qualifi ed clients” as clients with at least $750,000 in as- sets under management or a net worth of at least $150 million.

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  • T he human desire to claim property rights in an idea is innate, as any child who has ever told another “Stop copying me!” knows. Legal recognition of property in ideas, however— intellectual property—is a comparatively recent phenomenon, appearing centuries of millennia after the recognition of property rights in objects and land.

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  • BackGround Balanced, equitable and sustainable development of the fisheries sector must take all social groups into account. However, the role of women in the sector has, for a long time, gone unrecognised and their voice is heard rarely among managers, policy makers and legislators.1 The lack of recognition and representation is not only unfair, but it also leads to an incomplete understanding of how the sector as a whole operates and functions.

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  • They were written by experts under the supervision of the Scientific Department of the National Woman's Christian Temperance Union, published by the instigation of the same, and have been carefully revised from time to time, under the same supervision, to keep them abreast with the latest teachings of science. Being both teachable and well adapted to grade, their educational value, as proven by schoolroom tests, is of the highest order. We therefore cordially indorse and highly recommend the Pathfinder Series for use in schools. MARY H.

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  • In the future, the housing sector is expected to continue growing steadily. Recently, legislation has been introduced in the Mexican Senate that calls for amending Article 27 of the Federal Constitution to allow direct ownership of residential real property by foreigners within the Prohibited Zone without having to employ a fideicomiso.

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  • I have enjoyed my study at Crawford over the last year. The IDEC progra was excellent, in my view, because it offered applied economics that bridges the gap between the understanding of economic theory and how it can be used for policy oriented solutions. This approach was exactly what I was looking for and I believe prepared me well in my recent application for a PhD. In my former life I studied as an Engineer and worked with Qantas for a number of years, but I had always wanted to study economics. I enrolled in the Sydney University Masters...

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  • As we stated in our 2011 Industry Review, the fuel cell industry began its road to commercialisation in 2007. This process has not been an easy one, with the problems associated with introducing a new technology to the general public (and even to industrial customers) comprising legislative, manufacturing and cost barriers. Slow-but-steady progress has meant that, historically, announcements purporting signifi cant product shipments have tended to disappoint, often experiencing delays or even being cancelled.

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  • Nightingale is one of the most famous women of all time. She was greatly revered in her own lifetime and indeed for some decades after her death she was a symbol of virtue and feminine heroism. In recent decades all this has changed, and she has been attacked from within the nursing profession, by medical doctors, historians and other academics. Her contribution to the cause of women has been challenged as well as her own character, relations with women and even identification as a woman.

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  • Regimen efficiency and simplification. Another key advantage of Options B and B+ is greater efficiency, very much in accord with Treatment 2.0 principles. First, the same simplified, fixed-dose combination ARV regimen can be used throughout the PMTCT intervention. Further, it is possible, and highly desirable, to provide the same regimen both for PMTCT and as the first-line national ART regimen for non-pregnant individuals.

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  • Public expenditure on health is financed mainly through a combination of contributions and general tax revenue transfers to the health insurance scheme. There has been increasing reliance on the latter in recent years. Participation in the health insurance scheme is compulsory for all citizens living in Hungary, and opting out is not permitted. Based on the current legal framework, coverage should theoretically be 100%, but the health insurance status of approximately 4% of the population is unclear. The benefits package is comprehensive but not exhaustive.

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  • In Alberta, the Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act (EPEA) and associated regulations are the principal legislation (delivery tool) governing the environmental aspects of pulp and paper mill developments. Section 14(4) of the EPEA establishes the authority to develop guidelines and objectives to meet goals and purposes to which environmental protection efforts are directed.

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  • The industrial relations environment and institutions in Indonesia have dramatically changed in recent years. Important changes in labour legislations have come about. One notable example of this change is the adoption of the Trade Union Law (Act No. 21/2000) and the Manpower Act (Act. No 13/2003). The proposed Industrial Dispute Settlement Act is currently under consideration in Parliament.

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  • The increasing demand for energy worldwide, together with the depletion of crude oil reserves, environmental threats due to greenhouse gas emissions and new national and international legislation, is resulting in the imperative for petroleum-derived fuels to be complemented or substituted by biofuels. Such an alternative, renewable, biodegradable and nontoxic biofuel is biodiesel. The book “Biodiesel: Feedstocks and Processing Technologies” is intended to provide a professional look on the recent achievements and emerging trends in biodiesel production.

    pdf470p ktcn_1 10-07-2012 55 20   Download

  • The notion of environmental damage is a rather recent development in tort law on both a national and an international level. Constant degradation of environmental goods, such as air, water and wildlife, by emissions and old dumpsites and spectacular industrial accidents causing pollution created a new awareness by the public of the environment. National legislation and new international treaties show that tort liability is attributed an increasing role in the protection of the environment by decision-makers.

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  • The coating process Graham C.Cole SUMMARY In recent years tablet coating has undergone several fundamental changes. The original sugar-coating technique has been largely replaced by film-coating processes using organic solvents. The organic solvents are now being replaced by water because of the development of suitable polymers, improvements in the coating process, and legislation regulating the discharge of pollutants into the environment.

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  • Concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) are part of a recent agricultural trend toward large-scale, corporate-owned and managed livestock production. A far cry from the traditional family farm, CAFOs have lowered prices and increased production—but at a cost. While some of the problems CAFOs can cause are economic and related to small farm and farming community culture, or societal with a focus of the animal rights activism groups, other problems are ecological and environmental and will only be solved by intelligently crafted and enforced legislation....

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  • The Canadian Automobile Association (CAA) and the Traffic Injury Research Foundation (TIRF) are pleased to present the findings and recommendations from the first International Conference on Distracted Driving. In recent years, the issue of driver distraction has received increasing attention from the media, public, government, industry and safety organizations. Initially, much of the concern focussed on the use of cell phones. Legislators were urged to take action, without having much evidencebased research to support decision-making....

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  • This authoritative new work analyses European plant intellectual property rights. Whilst the focus of the work is on Europe, and in particular the European Patent Convention, the Council Regulation on Community Plant Variety Rights and the EU Directive on the Legal Protection of Biotechnological Inventions, these provisions are discussed within the context of international legislation, including the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) and the Convention on Biological Diversity.

    pdf578p lyly_5 23-03-2013 38 8   Download

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