Relatively recently, after the availability of scanned data from supermarkets some
authors started studying the choices of individual consumers in response to price discounts
rather then focusing on the overall store sales. Such approach allows to separate
the eect price reduction has on the number of items individual consumer buys from
the number of consumers price reduction attracts to the shop. Moreover, it became
possible to see which goods consumers purchase together and how this behavior changes
in response to price reductions. Van den Poel et al.
The legislation already in place and now being considered adds up to a fundamental reshaping
of the EU's financial system. Agreement on banking supervision will put the European
financial system on far more secure foundations and act as a springboard for confidence. 2013
will see the implementation of many of the detailed rules of this package.
Subject to a number of exceptions, fund managers
that are SEC-registered investment advisers may not
charge any type of performance fee or carried interest
to their fund investors.
72 Rule 205-3 of the Investment
Advisers Act of 1940, as amended (the “Advisers Act”),
allows registered fund managers to charge such fees
to “qualiﬁ ed clients.”73 Rule 205-3 historically deﬁ ned
“qualiﬁ ed clients” as clients with at least $750,000 in as-
sets under management or a net worth of at least $150
he human desire to claim property rights in an idea is innate,
as any child who has ever told another “Stop copying me!”
knows. Legal recognition of property in ideas, however—
intellectual property—is a comparatively recent phenomenon,
appearing centuries of millennia after the recognition of property
rights in objects and land.
BackGround Balanced, equitable and sustainable development of the fisheries sector must take all social groups into account. However, the role of women in the sector has, for a long time, gone unrecognised and their voice is heard rarely among managers, policy makers and legislators.1 The lack of recognition and representation is not only unfair, but it also leads to an incomplete understanding of how the sector as a whole operates and functions.
They were written by experts under the supervision of the Scientific Department of the National Woman's Christian Temperance Union, published by the instigation of the same, and have been carefully revised from time to time, under the same supervision, to keep them abreast with the latest teachings of science. Being both teachable and well adapted to grade, their educational value, as proven by schoolroom tests, is of the highest order. We therefore cordially indorse and highly recommend the Pathfinder Series for use in schools. MARY H.
In the future, the housing sector is expected to continue growing steadily. Recently, legislation
has been introduced in the Mexican Senate that calls for amending Article 27 of the Federal
Constitution to allow direct ownership of residential real property by foreigners within the
Prohibited Zone without having to employ a fideicomiso.
I have enjoyed my study at Crawford over the last year. The IDEC progra
was excellent, in my view, because it offered applied economics that
bridges the gap between the understanding of economic theory and
how it can be used for policy oriented solutions. This approach was
exactly what I was looking for and I believe prepared me well in my
recent application for a PhD.
In my former life I studied as an Engineer and worked with Qantas for
a number of years, but I had always wanted to study economics. I enrolled in
the Sydney University Masters...
As we stated in our 2011 Industry Review, the fuel cell industry began its road to commercialisation
in 2007. This process has not been an easy one, with the problems associated with introducing
a new technology to the general public (and even to industrial customers) comprising legislative,
manufacturing and cost barriers. Slow-but-steady progress has meant that, historically,
announcements purporting signiﬁ cant product shipments have tended to disappoint, often
experiencing delays or even being cancelled.
Nightingale is one of the most famous women of all time. She
was greatly revered in her own lifetime and indeed for some
decades after her death she was a symbol of virtue and feminine
heroism. In recent decades all this has changed, and she has
been attacked from within the nursing profession, by medical doctors,
historians and other academics. Her contribution to the cause of
women has been challenged as well as her own character, relations
with women and even identification as a woman.
Regimen efficiency and simplification. Another key
advantage of Options B and B+ is greater efficiency, very
much in accord with Treatment 2.0 principles. First, the same
simplified, fixed-dose combination ARV regimen can be used
throughout the PMTCT intervention. Further, it is possible, and
highly desirable, to provide the same regimen both for PMTCT
and as the first-line national ART regimen for non-pregnant
Public expenditure on health is financed mainly through a combination of
contributions and general tax revenue transfers to the health insurance scheme.
There has been increasing reliance on the latter in recent years.
Participation in the health insurance scheme is compulsory for all citizens
living in Hungary, and opting out is not permitted. Based on the current legal
framework, coverage should theoretically be 100%, but the health insurance
status of approximately 4% of the population is unclear. The benefits package
is comprehensive but not exhaustive.
In Alberta, the Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act (EPEA) and associated
regulations are the principal legislation (delivery tool) governing the environmental
aspects of pulp and paper mill developments. Section 14(4) of the EPEA establishes the
authority to develop guidelines and objectives to meet goals and purposes to which
environmental protection efforts are directed.
The industrial relations environment and institutions in Indonesia
have dramatically changed in recent years. Important changes in
labour legislations have come about. One notable example of this
change is the adoption of the Trade Union Law (Act No. 21/2000) and the
Manpower Act (Act. No 13/2003). The proposed Industrial Dispute
Settlement Act is currently under consideration in Parliament.
The increasing demand for energy worldwide, together with the depletion of crude oil
reserves, environmental threats due to greenhouse gas emissions and new national
and international legislation, is resulting in the imperative for petroleum-derived fuels
to be complemented or substituted by biofuels. Such an alternative, renewable,
biodegradable and nontoxic biofuel is biodiesel.
The book “Biodiesel: Feedstocks and Processing Technologies” is intended to provide
a professional look on the recent achievements and emerging trends in biodiesel
The notion of environmental damage is a rather recent development in
tort law on both a national and an international level. Constant degradation
of environmental goods, such as air, water and wildlife, by
emissions and old dumpsites and spectacular industrial accidents causing
pollution created a new awareness by the public of the environment.
National legislation and new international treaties show that tort
liability is attributed an increasing role in the protection of the environment
The coating process
Graham C.Cole SUMMARY In recent years tablet coating has undergone several fundamental changes. The original sugar-coating technique has been largely replaced by film-coating processes using organic solvents. The organic solvents are now being replaced by water because of the development of suitable polymers, improvements in the coating process, and legislation regulating the discharge of pollutants into the environment.
Concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) are part of a recent agricultural trend toward
large-scale, corporate-owned and managed livestock production. A far cry from the traditional
family farm, CAFOs have lowered prices and increased production—but at a cost. While some of
the problems CAFOs can cause are economic and related to small farm and farming community
culture, or societal with a focus of the animal rights activism groups, other problems are ecological
and environmental and will only be solved by intelligently crafted and enforced legislation....
The Canadian Automobile Association (CAA) and the
Traffic Injury Research Foundation (TIRF) are pleased to
present the findings and recommendations from the first
International Conference on Distracted Driving.
In recent years, the issue of driver distraction has received
increasing attention from the media, public, government,
industry and safety organizations. Initially, much of the
concern focussed on the use of cell phones. Legislators
were urged to take action, without having much evidencebased
research to support decision-making....