Recent research trends

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  • Thanks to a long, successful marketing campaign by De Beers, diamonds became strongly associated with romantic love, first in the United States and then globally (see.Figure.5). In the 1940s the company launched a long-running and renowned campaign around the theme “A diamond is forever.” Over many decades, hundreds of millions of dollars were spent to market the notion that diamonds signify romance and love. That campaign benefited the entire diamond industry.

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  • research for this report was conducted from november 2008 to January 2009. it consisted of an extensive review of documents and websites from governmental and non-governmental sources; in-depth interviews based on semi-structured questionnaires; and two focus groups. one focus group comprised five health care workers, while the other was composed of four hiV-positive mothers, one of whom was pregnant at the time. a total of 23 people were interviewed in six cities across argentina: buenos aires, mar del plata, montegrande, rosario, tres arroyos, and tucumán.

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  • This report is the result of a joint activity of DG RTD and DG JRC-IPTS, which was launched in July 2000. The aim was to identify potential priorities for future research areas in European food technology and food safety. This should provide targeted information for decision-makers in DG Research in order to set the appropriate priorities for future research programmes. The main focus was initially set on advanced technology developments in the food sector and on socio-economic factors, which are expected to have an impact on the food producing industry.

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  • Today’s ‘renaissance’ of the railways has only been possible thanks to a multitude of powerful research initiatives aimed at making fundamental improvements in the system as a whole. Now, keeping rail at the forefront as the most environmentally friendly major transport mode requires an even more rapid adoption of new technologies for clean and effi cient energy.

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  • Conditions experienced early in life or in utero have been shown to have persistent and long- term effects on health, education, and socioeconomic outcomes (see seminal work by Stein et al. (1975) and more recent papers by Maccini and Yang (2009) and Maluccio et al. (2009)). Barker (1998) argues that health shocks suffered in utero can cause irreversible adaptations to the local food environment and that children cannot catch up even if they later have good nutrition and health care.

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  • Economic policy makers, macroprudential supervisors or investors are interested in reli- able estimates of the equilibrium level of credit in the economy. While earlier theoretical and empirical studies concentrated mostly on the aggregate level of credit to the pri- vate sector or the value of corporate credit, more recent studies focus on the problem of credit to households.

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  • The governments of Finland and Korea both have demonstrated during past downturns that bold innovation policy initiatives can accelerate structural changes which face high obstacles in normal times (Box 1). Such initiatives require proper framework conditions and a coherent crisis strategy. Anti-crisis policy measures can provide built-in incentives to innovate Clearly, innovation will be one of the keys to emerging from the downturn and putting countries back on a path to sustainable – and smarter – growth.

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  • A recent review of school-based programs in developing countries (FOCUS, 2001) found strong evidence of the effectiveness of such programs in improving YRH outcomes. Seventeen of 19 school programs that had undergone relatively rigorous evaluation were effective in improving young people’s knowledge of sexual and reproductive health, including contraception and HIV/AIDS prevention.

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  • Delia-Marina Alexe MD PhD is a graduate of the University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila” in Bucharest, Romania. She trained in trauma and cancer epidemiology at the University of Athens Medical School, Greece. She joined the Non-communicable Disease Epidemiology Unit at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK, in 2006. Her research interests include cancer aetiology and trends; the role of adipose tissue hormones and growth factors in cancer risk; and early life environment and cancer risk....

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  • Researchers in the field agree that in general the diagnosis of cancer elicits greater dis- tress than any other disease. The literature documents numerous negative psychological consequences for patients including depression (Meyerowitz, 1980), anxiety (Ervin, 1973), and hostility and anger (Vachon & Lyall, 1976).

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  • The evidence base that examines the cognitive implications of playing is complex and not entirely consistent. However, there is substantial evidence overall to suggest that play is a natural way of building cognitive processes, assisting learning and can even help with more complex mental health issues. However, caution should be exercised when linking play to cognitive functioning, as this can lead to the ‘instrumentalising’ of play (Lester and Russell 2008).

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  • Young doctors are the future of our Society. Therefore, I am hoping to see a global network created for young gynecologists who are interested in gynecologic cancer. If young doctors from various countries start to communicate effectively and share information with each other, we can both improve and standardize cancer treatment and contribute to the well-being of women worldwide. Education for young doctors is very important because they are still pure and have a sensitivity to share experiences of all kinds.

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  • For cell-based bone tissue engineering, various tissues derived cells are utilized since osteogenic cells can be harvested from bone marrow, periosteum, and adipose tissue, though recent studies indicate that bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs, bone marrow derived multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells, or mesenchymal stem cells) are the most reliable cell source because of their superior osteogenic ability (Hayashi et al., 2008). However, it is difficult to obtain adequate numbers of transplantable BMSCs from bone marrow aspirates, as they are rare in the bone marrow (less than 0.

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  • This book presents the most recent research advances in robot manipulators. It offers a complete survey to the kinematic and dynamic modelling, simulation, computer vision, software engineering, optimization and design of control algorithms applied for robotic systems. It is devoted for a large scale of applications, such as manufacturing, manipulation, medicine and automation. Several control methods are included such as optimal, adaptive, robust, force, fuzzy and neural network control strategies....

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  • This book is unique among its peers as it offers a broad international perspective and discusses practice approaches from around the globe. In addition, key elements of emergency medicine practice are covered for the reader discussing historical and cutting edge approaches and their scientific basis. The chapters that make up this textbook should be of interest to any reader who treats or is interested in the treatment of the emergency patient whether the patient is located in the pre-hospital, emergency department or in-hospital settings....

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  • These concerns were behind the establishment in 1983 of the World Commission on Environment and Development by the UN General Assembly. The Commission is an independent body, linked to but outside the control of governments and the UN system.

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  • Probiotics may exert a multidirectional effects affecting the gene expression in intestinal cells. A number of positive effects of probiotics have been indicated, particularly their beneficial effect in the pathologic conditions including antibiotic-associated traveler's diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), lactose intolerance, dental caries, gastroduodenal ulcers due to Helicobacter pylori, hepatic encephalopathy, intestinal motility disorders and neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis.

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  • Relatively healthy older people, particularly those in the 60 to 70 age range, are likely to need services similar to other adult health center populations. They may face challenges similar to their younger counterparts; language barriers, limited health literacy, or cultural factors may impact health care access. Yet for the older-old, these familiar challenges are compounded by additional barriers to optimal care and quality of life. The disabled of any age often need supportive services to remain as healthy as possible and in the community.

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  • Finance is all about the systems, institutions and instruments involved in the transfer of funds between individuals, businesses and governments. This includes vital, short-run decisions such as cash management and credit policy, which affect the survival of an organisation, as well as long-term decisions such as investment in plant and equipment, fund-raising, and mergers and takeovers, which determine the wealth of stakeholders. Your studies in finance can lead to career opportunities and also provide useful personal money management strategies.

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  • Although nothing can replace the need for you to acquire firsthand experience, if you begin your telemarketing efforts equipped with the right knowledge and strategies, your chances for success increase exponentially. Sure, telemarketing can be challenging and time-consuming, but, with practice, you’ll learn to enjoy acquiring the skills and experience you need to close sale after sale using the telephone!

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