Gift giving/receiving behavior have been defined as the process of gift exchange that takes place between a giver and recipient. The giving and receiving of gift is a ritual that takes place in all society although in different forms to build and strength relationship between the giver and the recipient. As a form of reciprocity or exchange, gift giving/ receiving is one of the processes that integrate a society; Schieffelin (1980) views the giving of gift as a rhetorical gesture in social communication.
This document contains 10 units organised as in-service training
(INSET) sessions, each of which can be used singly or as part of a
continuing programme of work. Although the document is arranged
in a logical sequence, it is not necessary to use the units in order.
Each is designed to be free-standing and could be used alone to
meet a particular need identified by teachers.
Units summarise current thinking on the most effective ways to teach
and to achieve progression in writing, using available research and
resources to provide a comprehensive one-stop shop for teachers in
Covered entities may also use statistical methods to establish de-identification instead of removing all 18
identifiers. The covered entity may obtain certification by “a person with appropriate knowledge of and
experience with generally accepted statistical and scientific principles and methods for rendering information not
individually identifiable” that there is a “very small” risk that the information could be used by the recipient to
identify the individual who is the subject of the information, alone or in combination with other reasonably
linear population term is insignificant, however. In column II we investigate
whether this is due to a non-linear effect of population size. The results
suggest that this is indeed the case as both the linear and the squared
population terms are statistically significant. This indicates that emissions
experience a U-shaped relationship with population. Differentiating our
estimated equation with respect to population and setting this equal to zero
allows us to identify the turning point level of population: The estimated
turning point is at around 5.4 million people.
Studies about remittances have often focused on their wealth generating capacity through savings and
investment (Adams, 1998), the factors influencing their flow (El -Sakka, 1999), and their effects on the
recipient economies at the household level (Arif , 1999).
Another key feature of migrant remittances is that the flows of money sent are not necessarily related
to the level of development in the receiving country. They are rather related to: (a) the market for foreign
labour; (b) the receiving country’s regional economic position and their relationship to a more
economically salient country; (c) the macroeconomic impact that remittances have on the receiving
country; (d) the distributive effect on those remittance recipient households.
In a study of potential bone marrow transplant recipients, patients reported an improved
outlook on life, enhanced relationships, and greater satisfaction with religious concerns
(Andrykowski et al., 1993). The authors note that cancer should not be viewed as a homo-
geneously negative event, but as a “psychosocial transition, i.e. an event with significant
negative implications that can nevertheless cause individuals to restructure their attitudes,
values, and behaviors, and thus can serve to trigger positive psychosocial change” (p. 274).