Xem 1-20 trên 253 kết quả Reducing disease
  • Cardiovascular disease, including coronary heart disease, strokes and diseases of other arteries, is a major cause of early death and disability. For many years the major markers of disease risk have been well recognised: these include high blood cholesterol levels and smoking. But it has also been recognised that these markers do not account for all cardiovascular risk. Furthermore, treatments that are highly effective in altering these markers, for instance the ‘statin’ drugs used to lower cholesterol, do not remove risk entirely: typically they reduce it by about 30% or less.

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  • In tuberous sclerosis, the earliest cutaneous sign is an ash leaf spot. These lesions are often present at birth and are usually multiple; however, detection may require Wood's lamp examination, especially in fair-skinned individuals. The pigment within them is reduced but not absent. The average size is 1–3 cm, and the common shapes are polygonal and lance-ovate.

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  • The PSA criteria used to recommend a diagnostic prostate biopsy have evolved over time. The goal is to increase the sensitivity of the test for younger men more likely to die of the disease and to reduce the frequency of detecting cancers of low malignant potential in elderly men more likely to die of other causes. Age-specific reference ranges reduce the upper limit of normal for younger men and increase it for older men. Different thresholds alter the sensitivity and specificity of detection. The threshold for performance of a biopsy was 4.0 ng/mL, which has been reduced to 2.6...

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  • Aging and Oral Health While tooth loss and dental disease are not normal consequences of aging, a complex array of structural and functional changes occurs with age that can affect oral health. Subtle changes in tooth structure (e.g., diminished pulp space and volume, sclerosis of dentinal tubules, altered proportions of nerve and vascular pulp content) result in diminished or altered pain sensitivity, reduced reparative capacity, and increased tooth brittleness.

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  • Benign Disease Symptoms Benign proliferative disease may produce hesitancy, intermittent voiding, a diminished stream, incomplete emptying, and postvoid leakage. The severity of these symptoms can be quantitated with the self-administered American Urological Association Symptom Index (Table 91-2), although the degree of symptoms does not always relate to gland size. Resistance to urine flow reduces bladder compliance, leading to nocturia, urgency, and, ultimately, urinary retention.

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  • In patients with stable coronary artery disease, it remains unclear whether an initial management strategy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with intensive pharmacologic therapy and lifestyle intervention (optimal medical therapy) is superior to optimal medical therapy alone in reducing the risk of cardiovascular events. Methods We conducted a randomized trial involving 2287 patients who had objective evidence of myocardial ischemia and significant coronary artery disease at 50 U.S. and Canadian centers....

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  • If the camel is allowed to feed at night, it settles on the ground early in the morning before the sun has warmed the ground, thus reducing heat absorption by conduction from the earth to its body. Further, it tucks both its fore and hind legs beneath it to reduce contact with the ground, unlike buffalo and cattle, which lie in closer contact with the ground (Figure 22). This method of couching eliminates yet another conductance path. Standing or sitting, the camel gradually keeps shifting its position throughout the day to keep in line with the...

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  • Angiotensin-converting–enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are effective in reducing the risk of heart failure, myocardial infarction, and death from cardiovascular causes in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction or heart failure. ACE inhibitors have also been shown to reduce atherosclerotic complications in patients who have vascular disease without heart failure.

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  • Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide, and 3.8 million men and 3.4 million women die of the disease each year. After an acute myocardial infarction, early and successful myocardial reperfusion with the use of thrombolytic therapy or primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the most effective strategy for reducing the size of a myocardial infarct and improving the clinical outcome. The process of restoring blood flow to the ischemic myocardium, however, can induce injury.

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  • An incurable condition is a condition that conventional medicine cannot cure. Usually these conditions are marked by serious suffering from the patient. There are many conditions that even using the incurable treatment, cannot be cured, an example of this is a birth defect. In other cases, it is the persons time to die, and so the condition is not curable, but the pain and suffering that the individual faces can be greatly reduced.

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  • Greenway is one of several examples of how the private sector is committed to this transformation and has taken charge through leading the health information technology and electronic health record industry. Greenway was founded on the premise that HIT & EHRs dramatically reduce medical errors, lower costs, improve quality and efficiency and create a substantial return on investment for physicians and practices among many other constituencies.

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  • Nigeria’s Leaders Prioritize Prevention The First Lady of Cross River State, Mrs. Obioma Liyel-Imoke, is a public health crusader who is profoundly dedicated to reducing child pneumonia deaths in Nigeria — the country with the highest child pneumonia burden in Africa. She created the Breath of Life health initiative that works within communities to promote pneumonia prevention. On World Pneumonia Day, Breath of Life, the First Lady and other dignitaries led an energetic advocacy walk to educate parents about child pneumonia in the local government area (LGA) of Bekwarra.

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  • At the end of the lecture, participants will know: the epidemiology of coronary artery disease, the risk factors associated with coronary artery disease, how to use online tools to estimate a patient's risk for myocardial infarction, how to screen for and couns a patient to reduce their risk for coronary artery disease.

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  • Over the last few decades the prevalence of studies about probiotics strains has dramatically grown in most regions of the world. Probiotics are specific strains of microorganisms, which when served to human or animals in proper amount, have a beneficial effect, improving health or reducing risk of getting sick and the probiotics are used in production of functional foods and pharmaceutical products.

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  • Nutrient requirements for optimum health and function of aging physiological systems often are quite distinct from those required for young ones. Recognition and understanding of the special nutrition problems of the aged are being intensively researched and tested, especially due to the increases in the elderly in the general population. In developed countries, economic restrictions and physical inactivity during aging can significantly reduce food intakes, contributing to nutritional stresses and needs. Many disease entities and cancers are found with higher frequency in the aged.

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  • This edition of theHandbook of Counseling Psychologylik,e all three prior editions, has three primary objectives: (1) to provide a scholarly review of important areas of counseling psychology inquiry, (2) to elaborate directions for future research, and (3) to draw specific suggestions for practice that derive from the scholarly literature in counseling psychology and related disciplines.

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  • Nutrition is an important lifestyle factor that contributes to our general feeling well. Recently, it has even further suggested, based on a number of epidemiological studies, that our diet is also associated with the risk of developing a number of chronic diseases, such as diabetes type II, cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, many types of cancer, just to name few. Thus, a balanced nutrition is firmly interwoven with many aspects of our long-term health, including the prevention of diseases, albeit this is typically rather associated with the medicinal areas.

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  • The modular producer cell lines present several advantages: they are safer since integration of the vector within the packaging cell line was identified, the duration of the entire development process is much reduced as there is no need for screening and, in addition, production conditions are favorable due to the possibility of pre-adaptation of the master cell line to culture conditions and media. Thus, therapeutic virus production from bench to bedside becomes safer, faster, and cheaper (Coroadinha et al. 2010)....

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  • Optimal conditions for the extraction of black fungus polysaccharides were 350 W, 5, 35 min and 90 ◦C, for ultrasonic power, ratio of water to sample, extraction time and extraction temperature, respectively. Gas chromatography (GC) analysis showed that black fungus polysaccharides contained glucose, xylose, mannose and ribose. Their molar percentages were 6.8%, 34.2%, 50.7% and 8.9%, respectively. FT-IR and NMR analysis showed typical chemical structure of black fungus polysaccharides.

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  • A lot of the demand, however went to spectator entertainment, and to reduce bottlenecks and increase revenues, entrepreneurs started to use cinema technology. Consumers reacted favourably to this technology, giving entrepreneurs incentives to develop it further. Using informal comparative growth analysis, the paper finds that, over time, in an evolutionary process, more and more expenditure was moved away from things such as tobacco and alcohol to entertainment expenditure, and within entertainment expenditure, more and more was spent on cinema.

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