Reduction policies

Xem 1-20 trên 83 kết quả Reduction policies
  • IFA (“Institutions for Floods in Asia”) project focuses on institutional dimension of river floods risk reduction in the Asian countries that along with structural approaches constitutes the core in human responses to floods. IFA aggregates and compares results of country-based research in order to further explore the problem How to strengthen capacities and performance of institutions to reduce flood risks. Rich evidence for testing IFA approaches is provided from recent case-studies of big river floods in Bangladesh, Burma/Myanmar, Japan, Russia,......

    pdf39p pt1506 17-03-2009 80 6   Download

  • With a view to launch a low carbon society in Taiwan by 2050, the Executive Yuan ratified the Sustainable Energy Policy Guide in 2008. Taiwan is now committed to reduce CO2 emission back to its 2005 level by 2020. Then, back to the 2000 level by 2025, and finally achieving 50% of 2000 level by 2050. In addition, the EPA abiding by the Copenhagen Accord to summit Taiwanese NAMAs to the UNFCCC in 2010.

    pdf107p qsczaxewd 25-09-2012 21 2   Download

  • The Department of Defense strives to only use military personnel for military-essential tasks and has consistently recommended the civilianization of ever-more military functions and positions. This guidance also stems from the belief that military personnel cost more than comparable civilians. As a policy, civilianization can

    pdf0p xuancoem 02-02-2013 11 1   Download

  • Rapid economic growth is the only sustainable foundation for the elimination of poverty. However, only strategies that include agricultural development can establish strong links between overall growth and reduction in poverty. Most strategies that seek rapid industrialization at the expense of agriculture, even if the intent is to alleviate poverty, actually slow down economic growth and increase levels of poverty. In a country with many impoverished people, policymaker must address both growth and poverty through an.......

    pdf34p nguyenngocsonctu 01-12-2010 285 69   Download

  • Objectives • Provide policy makers and external observers with a data-rich assessment of Vietnam’s competitiveness, using a comprehensive internationally-accepted methodology • Develop an integrated set of policy recommendations, supported by a transparent logic and data • Engage decision makers from different constituencies in a dialogue on the future of Vietnam’s competitiveness

    ppt68p ngoctrungbk 07-01-2011 107 44   Download

  • With the ever-increasing levels of volatility in demand and more and more turbulent market conditions, there is a growing acceptance that individual businesses can no longer compete as stand-alone entities but rather as supply chains. Supply chain management (SCM) has been both an emergent field of practice and an academic domain to help firms satisfy customer needs more responsively with improved quality, reduction cost and higher flexibility.

    pdf414p kimngan_1 06-11-2012 40 19   Download

  • In the process of Vietnam’s integration into the world economy and particular Vietnam became the mamber of the Worth trade Organization (WTO), economic risks will arise, people’s lives will be greatly affected, therefore, it is essential that social policies be adjusted in response to growth trend and pace of modernization.

    pdf26p thaonhi 18-06-2009 129 14   Download

  • The purpose of this state of the art review is to assess what is currently assumed and believed about the relationship of skills development to poverty reduction, and to place that in historical perspective. There will be a particular attempt, where possible, to examine what is known about skills in rural areas. This task is made more complex by the fact that both ‘skills development’ and ‘poverty reduction’ are neologisms; they have not been in common parlance for much more than a decade.

    pdf67p conrepcon 13-04-2012 40 10   Download

  • The failure of the UN climate change summit in Copenhagen in December 2009 to effectively reach a global agreement on emission reduction targets, led many within the developing world to view this as a reversal of the Kyoto Protocol and an attempt by the developed nations to shirk out of their responsibility for climate change.

    pdf320p cucdai_1 15-10-2012 37 10   Download

  • Agricultural biotechnologies apply modern knowledge in molecular and cell biology to produce new varieties and similar genetic materials. The use of genetically modified (GM) crop varieties has grown dramatically since they were introduced in 1995, and large portions of the land allocated to corn, soybeans, and cotton are grown with these varieties. The evidence from the United States, Canada, China, India, Brazil, and Argentina suggests that these applications of biotechnology in agriculture increase yield, reduce the use of pesticides, and save production costs. ...

    pdf712p huetay_1 28-02-2013 19 9   Download

  • Assessing the Impact of Transport and Energy Infrastructure on Poverty Reduction Cynthia C. Cook Tyrrell Duncan Somchai Jitsuchon Anil Sharma Wu Guobao iii .© 2005 Asian Development Bank All rights reserved. Published 2005. Printed in the Philippines. Library of Congress Cataloguing-in-Publication Data Asian Development Bank Study of the effects of transport and energy infrastructure investments on poverty reduction ISBN: 971-561-580-5 Publication Stock No.

    pdf290p namson94 18-07-2012 44 8   Download

  • The impact of the crisis further increases the market failure – also driven by increased risk aversion on the supply side of microfinance - and underlines the need for public support for this emerging sector in Europe. In addition to the fundamental structural problems of the microfinance sector in Europe, public intervention has largely been justified and substantiated with positive externalities, i.e. that social and financial inclusion generates attractive economic and social returns.

    pdf396p khanhchilam 29-03-2013 21 8   Download

  • This welcome volume is a collection of articles principally adapted from articles published in the Philosophical Transactions triennial issue. It very largely reflects the views of younger scientists, and highlights how the Earth Sciences continue to delight us with new ideas and controversies. Many of the authors are research fellows, or former research fellows, of the Royal Society, and the editors have successfully assembled an entertainingly eclec- tic mix.

    pdf343p banhkem0908 24-11-2012 37 6   Download

  • Long term interest rates play an important role in economics and Önance due to their impact on real activity. Nevertheless, it is widely recognized that forecasting their level is di¢ cult. In the same way, modelling their link to monetary policy is not so easy even if this relationship appears crucial, as emphasized by Goodfriend (1993) for the United States. Similarly the same di¢ culty concerns the rational expectations hypothesis framework in which most empirical analyses of the term structure of interest rates are conducted.

    pdf40p taisaovanchuavo 23-01-2013 19 5   Download

  • Agricultural development is widely recognized as crucial for poverty reduction. At the same time, agricultural expansion and ever more intensive practices are widely recognized for their contribution to ecosystem degradation. Less well recognized is that, in many cases, agriculture offers the potential to generate both poverty reduction and better environmental outcomes. The studies presented in this volume look at one policy tool that may address this gap: payments for environmental services (PES).

    pdf0p huetay_1 28-02-2013 33 5   Download

  • POLICY AND OPERATIONAL IMPLICATIONS - Điều này hỗ trợ kỹ thuật khu vực (RETA) đưa ra một số khuyến nghị chính sách ở nhiều cấp độ. Đầu tiên, mỗi nhóm nước phát triển khuyến nghị chính sách cho cuộc thảo luận trong một hội thảo quốc gia với các nhà hoạch định chính sách quan trọng và các bên liên quan.

    pdf6p hoathietmoclan 03-10-2011 26 4   Download

  • Earlier this year, the Texas Health and Human Services Commission reported to its state legislature that WHP has been effective in reducing unplanned births and has saved the state millions of dollars due to the reduction in Medicaid costs associated with those births. It estimated that over 8,000 births were averted in 2011, yielding $54 million in net savings (federal plus state), including more than $23 million in state savings.

    pdf5p connicquy 20-12-2012 18 4   Download

  • Numbers cited for hair loss only take into account the absolute number of hairs. They do not reflect the fact that the regrowing hairs are lighter and thinner than before, which also adds to apparent clinical hair loss. Hair color was measured by calculating the absorption coefficient from the hairs’ transmission of 700 nm light. Hair diameter was measured from digital photographs. The study showed that the regrowing hairs appeared lighter (with a transmission coefficient 1.

    pdf20p giamdocamnhac 06-04-2013 19 4   Download

  • An imposing barrier to entry for current plant-derived materials, and the issue most often debated, is the competitive cost situation. In many cases, the current cost of using plant-based materials is viewed as being relatively high, and not competitive with hydrocarbon-based processes. However, the cost-competitive situation contains several highly complex interactions among the key factors: value of product, cost of materials, volume of throughput, degree of processing required, and performance of the building blocks used.

    pdf38p loixinloi 08-05-2013 19 4   Download

  • The connection between poverty and lack of education seems entirely self-evident, yet real progress in overcoming the obstacles to education and economic affluence has eluded governments and social activists worldwide for decades. This book interrogates the link between education and poverty reduction and highlights the role of cross-sectoral co-ordination and policy coherence in breaking the poverty trap.

    pdf0p quatet 10-01-2013 19 3   Download

Đồng bộ tài khoản