Evidence grows daily of the rapid changes in climate due to human activities and
their impact on plants and animals. Plant function is inextricably linked to climate
and atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration. On the shortest and smallest scales
the climate affects the plant’s immediate environment and thus directly inﬂuences
physiological processes. On longer and larger time and space scales climate inﬂu-
ences species distribution and community composition and determines what crops
can be viably produced in managed agricultural, horticultural and forestry ecosys-
ETP2010 will build on the success of earlier editions, by providing decision makers with more detailed practical information and tools that can help kick-start the transition to a more secure, sustainable and affordable energy future.
In order to understand and manage our air quality resources, it is necessary to gain
a fundamental understanding of the principles that govern our ability to do so.
From a local perspective, it may be considered desirable to install huge fans in
order to “blow the smog away,” but from a technological and scientific perspective
it is not feasible. Likewise, from a regional or continental perspective, it is not
acceptable to merely transfer air contaminants from one location to another one by
dilution or “blowing it away.”...
Sustainable forest management (SFM) is not a new concept. However, its popularity
has increased in the last few decades because of public concern about the dramatic
decrease in forest resources. SFM is generally implemented using criteria and
indicators (C&I) that define forest management standards, and several countries have
established their own sets of C&I within the framework of different international or
regional processes. Nevertheless, none of the C&I systems have been universally
accepted and future research should consider the current and future indicators....
Numerous authors proposed chapters on their work, and those presented here are the
fruit of those proposals. As editor of this book, it has been my pleasure to collaborate
with these many, fine contributing scientists. This text brings forth a great amount of
fresh information on the biogeography and ecology of poorly known taxa and
landscapes, and explores biogeographic processes not previously studied. The
assembled work is an anthology of issues in modern biogeography, with topics
ranging across regional to global spatial scales, and ecological to evolutionary
There are over 881,000 jobs within the LCEGS sector, with almost half of these in the Emerging Low
The products and services employing the largest number of people are all in the Emerging Low Carbon
Carbon industries. UK employment levels in the LCEGS sector are broadly in line with our global LCEGS
market share, and with employment levels for other developed economies. Those employed in the
specialist part of the LCEGS sector number just over 445,000.
Carbon sectors is forecast to exceed growth in the more established Environmental sector, where
many technologies (for example in Water and Waste Treatment) are already mature.
The Renewable Energy and Emerging Low Carbon sectors currently show a much flatter growth than
previously forecast for the period 2012 to 2015. It is anticipated that as economic uncertainty is
reduced and investment funds start to flow, these growth forecasts will rise once again.
There is, of course, some potential overlap within these sub‐sectors, and some activities could fall
within more than one of the three main categories. For example, Additional Energy Sources could
potentially fall within the Renewable Energy sector, but has been include within Emerging Low Carbon
because it includes mainly new energy sources and those that are still in development (such as
hydrogen fuel cells).
Soil reactivity with chemical oxidants is also important when considering the
costs of the use of chemical oxidation. Excessive loss of a chemical oxidant that is
reacting with organics in soil, instead of reacting with the contaminants, may
preclude the use of the technology as an economically viable approach to site
remediation. Different chemical oxidation technologies are most appropriate for
particular hydrogeologic conditions. For example, Fenton’s Reagant may not be
ideal for groundwater with high concentrations of carbonate.
But there is another potential impact for the
environment and nature conservation which
is a much more positive one. The 1999
structural fund regulations for the first time
recognised that the funds could be used
for the protection and improvement of the
environment (emphasis added). This change
in wording was extremely significant – for
the first time the doors were open to local
and regional authorities and national governments
to start putting forward environmental
and nature programme proposals which
meet the European Union’s cohesion policy
objectives set out in the Treaty.
in the united states, RREEF Real Estate’s engineering
procedures include detailed practices to improve resource
efficiency and environmental practices. the engineering
team is deeply involved both in acquisitions due diligence,
and in working closely with asset management to develop
sustainable property management guidelines with third-
party property managers.
The major sources of carbon monoxide pollution are automotive exhaust and emissions
from large industrial combustion sources such as electrical power plants. Because
these sources produce many contaminants in addition to carbon monoxide -- such as
fine particles and nitrogen oxides -- it is often difficult to isolate the health effects of
ambient carbon monoxide from those of other pollutants.
In addition to carbon monoxide generated outside, there are also important indoor
sources of the pollutant.
Microorganisms associated with the production of volatile compound in spoilt mango fruits sold in
Sokoto town were isolated and identified. The organisms include seven species of bacteria and a species of
yeast. These include Bacillus pumilus, Bacillus firmus, Brevibacillus laterosporus, Morganella morganii, Paenibacillus
alvei, Staphylococcus saccharolyticus, Listeria monocytogenes and Candida krusei respectively. GC-MS analysis
revealed the presence of eleven and sixteen volatile organic compound in the healthy and spoilt ripe mango
Services to implementing agencies. The limited capacity of
implementing agencies to mainstream gender-responsive approach-
es sometimes constrains the success of Bank projects and programs.
The Bank itself has a limited capacity to provide technical assistance
to implementing agencies, but one region has successfully estab-
lished technical service facilities that rely on part-time consultants to
advise these agencies on integrating gender-responsive approaches
into project implementation.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Mapping carbon sequestration in forests at the regional scale - a climate biomonitoring approach by example of Germany
Maxim, an extreme xeric semi-shrub of Tamaricaceae, is a
constructive and dominant species of desert shrub vegetation (Liu et al. 1982; Wang et al.,
2011; Bai et al., 2008). It is distributed widely on a large area of sand wasteland (Fig. 1a) and
saline land (Fig. 1b) in arid and semiarid regions of central Asia from the western Erdos,
Alaskans, Hexi Corridor, Qaidam Basin to Tarim Basin and Jungar Basin (from the east to
the west) and forms the vast and distinctive landscape of the salt desert (Liu and Liu, 1996).
The distribution of R.
With Oracle Real Application Clusters (as with any other Oracle database) the
Oracle Instance (the processes and memory structures allocated on a server to
allow access to the data) is de-coupled from the Oracle Database (the physical
structures residing on the storage, which actually hold the data. These structures are
commonly known as ‘datafiles’).
However, a clustered database (using more than one instance) differs from a single
instance database in a way that the database can be accessed by multiple instances
The corporate bond market is less developed than most in emerging East Asia, with private
placements dominating. At 3.9% of GDP, corporate bonds are comparable to levels in the
Philippines and Indonesia, where corporate finance is less well-developed, as well as with the
People’s Republic of China (PRC) and Viet Nam, where state-ownership remains dominant
(Figure 5). That said, corporate bond markets remain small in much of the region with the
exception of the Republic of Korea (Korea) and Hong Kong, China.
The answer to this question is partly a matter of perspective. Current scientific evidence
suggests that to mitigate the risk of dangerous climate change, global GHG emissions
must be reduced by 60 to 80 percent by mid-century,
equivalent to many billions of
tons of annual reductions. In this context, the contribution of the voluntary carbon offset
market – even under the most optimistic demand scenarios – is likely to be small.
The Global Initiative on Transport Emissions (GITE) was created as a partnership between
the United Nations and the World Bank to help the international community meet some of the
above needs. The GITE projects and programmes are being developed in three clusters of
activities. The Partnership for Vehicle and Fuel Technology Modernization (PVFTM) is intended
to create a structured forum to investigate the reasons that more appropriate technologies are not
used in particular regions, and what can be done to overcome the barriers to their use.