Regional impacts

Xem 1-20 trên 185 kết quả Regional impacts
  • An outstanding feature of the lower Mekong region is the dynamic energy of its natural systems and how intimately tied most of the population is to that seasonal force. Productivity in agriculture and fisheries, for example, depends on annual floodplain inundation and nutrient dispersal. The immense scale and impact of this natural cycle is well illustrated in the annual flooding of Tonle Sap Lake in Cambodia and the Mekong River Delta which it shares with Vietnam.

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  • The three chapters of this report cover an assessment on the impacts of China ’s accession to the WTO (World Trade Organization), an analysis on Free Trade Areas in China, Japan and Korea, and an analysis on the perspectives and issues of Japanese and Korean direct investment in China, with a focus on technology transfer. These three areas represent the major issues related to the trend toward liberalized trade and investment in Northeast Asia.

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  • Over the past few decades numerous studies have shown an alarming increase in the concentration of atmospheric particular matter called aerosols resulting from a variety of human activities, ranging from agricultural to combustion of fossil fuels. Besides having serious impacts on the health of all living creatures, these particles can affect planetary radiation budget. Consequences of this change include global temperature shifts and the altering of atmospheric and oceanic circulation patterns.

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  • However, the determination the environmental factors affecting the structure and function of fish communities will provide awareness and direction to find out information on environmental impacts in the future. Although Lake Huron is recognized as a deep lake, oligotrophic, it also has an extended coastline including more than 7,000 km with the inclusion of the St Marys River, Manitoulin Island and 30, 000 islands of Georgian Bay (International Joint Commission, 1989, 1993).

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  • Gaps in current knowledge To strengthen current knowledge, particularly on effectiveness, cost/benefit analysis and the impact on health of WHP programmes, further research is needed. The development of simple and easy-to-use validated instruments for diet and physical activity evaluation is encouraged.

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  • This paper analyzes the impact of reseach and development on the productivity of China's high technology industry . In order to capture important differences in the effect of R&D on output that arise from geographic and socioeconomic differences aross three major regions in China.

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  • One might expect that these regions would divide into two groups, those free of highly-infectious poultry diseases and those that are not free of disease, with trade occurring within each group. However, this is not the case. The major importers of poultry products, China, Japan, and Russia, accept imports from all exporting regions in the model. The two major exporters, the US and Brazil, do not accept imports from each other and also ban imports from China, based on recurrent outbreaks of Newcastle Disease. The EU also bans imports from the US and from China. The...

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  • The inflow of foreign direct investment is one of the key indicators of competitiveness of the national economy and regions in the Czech Republic. In the case of transitive economies(such as the Czech economy), globalization is deeply associated with the inflow of foreign direct investment that is able to integrate the national economy to global markets and global production chains.

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  • Chapter 19 - The regional context. This chapter includes contents: The regional context, focus on Singapore, focus on New Zealand, focus on Indonesia, focus on Malaysia, focus on Thailand, Japan’s impact on region, Australia’s position in SE Asia.

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  • China’s WTO accession will have major implications for China and present both opportunities and challenges for East Asia. We assess the possible channels through which China’s accession to the WTO could affect East Asia and quantify these effects using a dynamic computable general equilibrium model. China will be the biggest beneficiary of accession, followed by the industrialized and newly industrializing economies (NIEs) in East Asia.

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  • The last two decades have witnessed an extensive growth in foreign direct investment (FDI) flows to developing countries. This has been accompanied by an increase in competition amongst the developing countries to attract FDI, resulting in a rise in investment incentives offered by the host governments and removal of restrictions on operations of foreign firms in their countries. This has also led to an ever-increasing number of bilateral investment treaties (BITs) and regional agreements on...

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  • Abstract. In this study, we assessed the impact of sea level rise, one of the most ascertained consequences of global climate change, for water levels in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta (VMD). We used a hydraulic model to compute water levels from August to November – when flooding is presently critical – under sea level rise scenarios of 20 cm (= 20) and 45

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  • Evidence grows daily of the rapid changes in climate due to human activities and their impact on plants and animals. Plant function is inextricably linked to climate and atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration. On the shortest and smallest scales the climate affects the plant’s immediate environment and thus directly influences physiological processes. On longer and larger time and space scales climate influ- ences species distribution and community composition and determines what crops can be viably produced in managed agricultural, horticultural and forestry ecosys- tems.

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  • In smaller regions such as the Carpathian Basin (located in Eastern/Central Europe), 50 km horizontal resolution may still not be appropriate to describe the meso-scale processes (e.g., cloud formation and convective precipitation). For this purpose on a national level several RCMs have been adapted with finer resolution (25 and 10 km). Here, results from two of the adapted RCMs for Hungary are analyzed, namely, models PRECIS and RegCM. In this paper, first, data and models from PRUDENCE, PRECIS and RegCM are presented.

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  • Australia is founding its future on science and innovation. Its national science agency, CSIRO, is a powerhouse of ideas, technologies and skills. CSIRO initiated the National Research Flagships to address Australia’s major research challenges and opportunities. They apply large scale, long term, multidisciplinary science and aim for widespread adoption of solutions. The Flagship Collaboration Fund supports the best and brightest researchers to address these complex challenges through partnerships between CSIRO, universities, research agencies and industry....

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  • Invasive alien plants are harmful non-native plant species whose introduction or spread threatens the environment, the economy, and society, including human health. They can be introduced into Canada from other countries or continents, or from one region of Canada to another. The current threats posed by invasive alien plants are real and growing. Why are invasive alien plants a problem? The economic cost of invasive alien plants to Canadians is enormous. Weeds in crops and pastures alone cost an estimated $2.2 billion annually.

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  • This book addresses the theme of the impacts of global warming on different specific fields, ranging from the regional and global economy, to agriculture, human health, urban areas, land vegetation, marine areas and mangroves. Despite the volume of scientific work that has been undertaken in relation to each of each of these issues, the study of the impacts of global warming upon them is a relatively recent and unexplored topic. The chapters of this book offer a broad overview of potential applications of global warming science.

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  • In response to increasing concerns about degradation of natural resources and the sustainability of agricultural production potentials in many poor regions of the world, many national and international organisations have initiated research and development programmes for natural resource management (NRM).

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  • Over the past decade, our understanding of plant adaptation to environmental stress, including both constitutive and inducible determinants, has grown con- siderably. This book focuses on stress caused by the inanimate components of the environment associated with climatic, edaphic and physiographic factors that substantially limit plant growth and survival. Categorically these are abiotic stresses, which include drought, salinity, non-optimal temperatures and poor soil nutrition.

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  • This ancient Native American proverb and what it implies resonates today as it has become increasingly obvious that people’s actions and interactions with the environment affect not only living conditions now, but also those of many generations to follow. Humans must address the effect they have on the Earth’s climate and how their choices today will have an impact on future generations.

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