In order to meet the increasing demand for valve-regulated lead–acid ŽVRLA. batteries, a new soft lead has been produced by Pasminco Metals. In this material, bismuth is increased to a level that produces a significant improvement in battery cycle life. By contrast, other common impurities, such as arsenic, cobalt, chromium, nickel, antimony and tellurium, that are known to be harmful to VRLA batteries are controlled to very low levels. A bismuth ŽBi.-bearing oxide has been manufactured ŽBarton-pot method. ...
Standards are appointments and may become enforceable by jurisdictional law and administrative regulations through signed contracts (for instance a sales contract) and can be understood to be ‘‘approved technology rules’’. The general features of standards are, in short: . . . . . . Standards are a service for technology. Standards are an economic and a technical form of cooperation (see also DIN 820 Part 1).
This book examines general changes in the regulation of the health professions in
the United Kingdom from a social scientific perspective. It also considers the
historical and contemporary development of regulation for a selection of key
occupational groups in this context, with reference to wider debates about the
health professions. Interest in new approaches to regulation was prompted by the
fact that, by the late 1990s, a number of important shifts were taking place in relation
to such groups in this country. These included the following trends.
A diverse set of regulatory approaches and enforcement tools is applied to a sizeable universe of
regulated entities by these multiple regulating authorities to ensure compliance. A general
discussion of enforcement monitoring and response tools is included in this report, followed by a
summary of recent fiscal year federal funding levels for enforcement activities. Discussion of
available enforcement data sources, as well as tables illustrating examples of trends in
enforcement activities, is presented in the two appendixes.
The essays in this collection were initially presented as papers at a workshop
on Regulating Deviance that took place at the International Institute for
the Sociology of Law in Onati, Spain in June 2007. The main aim of the
workshop was to gather together experts in the fields of criminal law and
procedure, criminology, legal history, law and psychology and the sociology
of law in order to focus on the future directions for the criminal law in
the light of current concerns with state security and regulating ‘deviant’
Page The Authors Foreword David G. Green Editor’s Introduction: Regulation, Accountability and Health Care David Gladstone Change in the Governance of Medicine: The Politics of Self-Regulation Brian Salter The General Medical Council and Professional Self-Regulation Meg Stacey Self-Regulation and the Role of the General Medical Council James Johnson An Independent Medical Inspectorate William G. Pickering Notes Index vi
Dual-specificity tyrosine phosphorylation-regulated kinase 1A (DYRK1A)
is a protein kinase with diverse functions in neuronal development and
adult brain physiology. Higher than normal levels of DYRK1A are associ-ated with the pathology of neurodegenerative diseases and have been impli-cated in some neurobiological alterations of Down syndrome, such as
As part of a wider study to evaluate the effectiveness of Ofcom as a converged regulator, the National Audit Office commissioned RAND Europe to undertake comparative research on Ofcom in relation to communications regulators in other jurisdictions. This work began in February 2010 and was completed in July 2010. This report presents the findings of the research conducted on five case study areas as follows:
This report assesses the state of current knowledge about the likely effects of the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC's) restrictions on the ownership of broadcasting stations and cable TV systems, to reach judgments about the desirability of modifying or eliminating existing FCC ownership regulations. It examines the evidence on the effects of group ownership of broadcast stations, concent......
The relationship between law and football is, perhaps surprisingly,
one with a long history. However, although early examples of legal
intervention focused primarily upon public-order issues, as football
began to evolve so did the law’s relation to it. Different forms of law
began to be utilised, culminating in the large number of commercial
law issues now confronting football. As this book shows, the ways in
which football is regulated are not necessarily all legal in nature, and
much of the book is concerned with the mechanisms used to control
the game, both internally and externally....
The following will be discussed in this chapter: Allosteric regulation, covalent modification, regulation of enzyme activity by subunit association/disassociation, regulation by proteolytic cleavage of proenzyme.
In this chapter, students will be able to: Know the regulatory points in glycolysis (Hexokinase, phosphofructokinase-1, pyruvate kinase), be able to name the allosteric inhibitors and allosteric activators involved in the regulation of each enzyme, understand the relationship between thes allosteric activators/inbitors to the energy state of the cell,...
Chapter 21 (part 2) - Transcriptional regulation and RNA processing. After completing this chapter, students will be able to: Know the functions of the beta, beta’ and alpha subunits; know the function of the sigma factor and how it affects the binding of the RNA polymerase complex to the promoter; know what concensus sequences are; know the names of the two major concensus sequences associated with the ER. Coli promoter region (-35 region and the Pribnow box (-10 region);....
Chapter 15 - Gene regulation in prokaryotes. This chapter include the contents: Overview of prokaryotic gene regulation, the regulation of gene transcription, attenuation of gene expression: termination of transcription, global regulatory mechanisms, a comprehensive example: the regulation of virulence genes in V. cholerae.
Chapter 16 - Gene regulation in eukaryotes. The main contents of this chapter include all of the following: Overview of eukaryotic gene regulation, control of transcription initiation, chromatin structure and epigenetic effects, regulation after transcription, a comprehensive example: sex determination in Drosophila.
For decades, endocytosis has been recognized as a fundamental cellular process that
regulates the uptake of small molecules (cell surface proteins, bacteria, toxins, etc.) into
the cell. So why, after years of study, does this simple process warrant more
discussion? Anyone who has examined the endocytic pathway will appreciate that this
conceptually simple mechanism is highly complex and sophisticated. Like ballet
dancers who make their synchronous performance seem effortless, the cell brings in
molecules via a carefully choreographed mechanism.
Factor VII-activating protease (FSAP) circulates as an inactive zymogen in
the plasma. FSAP also regulates fibrinolysis by activating pro-urokinase or
cellular activation via cleavage of platelet-derived growth factor BB
(PDGF-BB). As the Marburg I polymorphism of FSAP, with reduced
enzymatic activity, is a risk factor for atherosclerosis and liver fibrosis, the
regulation of FSAP activity is of major importance.
After reading this chapter, you will be able to answer the following questions: What is a security? What requirements are imposed by the Securities Act of 1933? How does the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 regulate the trading of securities? How are investment companies regulated? How do states regulate securities?
In this chapter, students will be able to understand: List and explain the core elements of the major antitrust (antimonopoly) laws in the United States, describe some of the key issues relating to the interpretation and application of antitrust laws, identify and explain the economic principles and difficulties relating to the setting of prices (rates) charged by so-called natural monopolies, discuss the nature of "social regulation," its benefits and costs, and its optimal level.
Labour is the most important activity of a human being creating both material products and
social values. High labour productivity, quality and efficiency are significant factors which
determine the level of development of a country.
By regulating the rights and obligations of employees and employers, labour standards, and
labour utilization and management, the Labour Code not only contributes increased
production but also plays an important role in society and in the legal system of the nation....